'America's Library' to Expand Access to Collections
The Library of Congress is using technology to make its collections available to people across the United States and around the world.
The library is the main research center of the United States Congress. It has books, recordings, photographs and newspapers.
The library also has maps, sheet music and even baseball cards among its collections. It is the largest library in the world.
Five months ago, President Barack Obama named Carla Hayden as Librarian of Congress. She is both the first woman and the first African-American to be appointed to the position.
Most who held the job before her were politicians or came from the world of education. But Hayden has worked as a librarian. She led a large library in Baltimore, Maryland. Before that, she served as chief librarian for the public library in Chicago, Illinois. She was also president of the American Library Association.
The Library of Congress has been criticized in recent years for a lack of leadership and for being slow to accept new technologies.
The library was created more than 200 years ago as a place where members of Congress could find information. Its workers also provide research for U.S. lawmakers and their aides.
Today, the Library of Congress is considered America's library. It has more than 160 million items. They include more than 30 million books and print materials from around the world in more than 450 languages.
The library also has a Gutenberg Bible produced in the 1400s, and the world's largest comic book collection. Hayden says the library adds at least 10,000 items to its collections every work day.
The general public can see materials in the library's reading rooms, but is not permitted to take them off the grounds. Hayden wants to change that by making them available online and through other technologies.
Hayden says she wants the library "to open its arms to people around the world, to let people know it is available to them."
"We have things on our website that bring the collections to people wherever they are. They can download materials. They can participate -- and we just added, this is pretty exciting, a 3D virtual reality tour where you can put the goggles on and you can physically tour the buildings."
Hayden also wants the Library of Congress to make its materials available across the country through traveling demonstrations.
"Actually taking an 18-wheeler truck and loading it up with facsimiles -- sometimes there'll be electronic information and devices on those trucks -- and actually going into communities."
I'm Caty Weaver.
1.comic book 漫画书
He lost the lease on his comic book store.
2.virtual reality 虚拟现实
One day virtual reality will revolutionize the entertainment industry.
3.sheet music 乐谱
I taught myself the tune from the sheet music, just for him.
4.served as 担任；作为
She ushered me into the front room, which served as her office.
1.The Library of Congress has been criticized in recent years for a lack of leadership and for being slow to accept new technologies.
a lack of 缺乏；缺少
I was hampered by a lack of information.
There is a lack of confidence in the government's ability to manage the economy
2.The general public can see materials in the library's reading rooms, but is not permitted to take them off the grounds.
general public 公众
His economic mismanagement has lost him the support of the general public.
Avant-garde music to this day has not found general public acceptance.
国会图书馆是美国国会的主要研究中心 。馆内有图书，唱片，照片和报纸 。
图书馆还有地图，乐谱，甚至还包有棒球卡 。它是全球规模最大的图书馆 。
五个月前，前总统奥巴马还任命卡拉·海登（Carla Hayden）为国会图书馆馆长 。她是开馆以来的首位女性和首位非洲裔馆长 。
此前，担任该职位的多为政治家或教育领域的人士 。而海登只是曾担任过图书管理员 。她在马里兰州巴尔的摩管理过一家大型图书馆 。在此之前，她曾担任伊利诺伊州芝加哥公共图书馆的首席图书管理员 。她还是美国图书馆协会的主席 。
作为国会议员搜寻信息的场所，图书馆已经有200多年的历史 。馆内员工还为美国立法者及其助手提供研究资料 。
国会图书馆如今被视为美国图书馆 。馆内拥有1.6亿多件藏品 。包括450多种语言的3000多万本书籍和印刷材料 。
图书馆内还收藏着15世纪的古腾堡圣经和全球最齐全的漫画书 。海登介绍称，每个工作日图书馆都会增添至少10,000件藏品 。
读者可在图书馆的阅览室阅读，但不准将资料带离图书馆 。海登想通过在线阅览或其他技术来改变这一情况 。
“全球各地的读者可以通过我们的网站浏览馆内的藏品 。他们可以下载资料 。他们还可以参与我们刚增设的新功能，一场令人兴奋的3D虚拟现实游览，戴上眼镜即可身临其境地参观图书馆 。”