Report: Eight Men Own as Much Wealth as Half the World’s Population
A new report from a British anti-poverty organization says eight men own as much wealth as the poorest 3.6 billion people in the world.
The eight men include Microsoft's Bill Gates and former New York City mayor Michael Bloomberg.
Oxfam International released the report on Monday. Oxfam is a group of international organizations that seek to fight poverty around the world.
The group warned that public anger over inequality might cause more political changes. Examples of such changes, Oxfam said, include the election of Donald Trump as U.S. president and Britain's vote to withdraw from the E.U.
he report appears as international political and business leaders meet at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland. This yearly event gathers leaders, experts and activists to discuss important international issues.
Oxfam released a similar report last year. That report suggested 62 people owned as much wealth as half the world's population. The activist group says new information from Swiss bank Credit Suisse and Forbes magazine shows that fewer people hold more of the wealth.
Forbes lists Bill Gates as the wealthiest individual. The magazine says he is worth about $75 billion.
Following Gates on the list are Amancio Ortega of the Spanish clothing company Inditex and American businessman Warren Buffett. Also among the eight are Mexican businessman Carlos Slim Helu and Amazon head Jeff Bezos. They are followed by Facebook's Mark Zuckerberg, Oracle co-founder Larry Ellison and former New York City mayor and media businessman Michael Bloomberg.
Winnie Byanyima is the executive director of Oxfam International. She will be attending the World Economic Forum meetings in Switzerland. She hopes to discuss the problems inequality causes with world leaders.
"It is obscene for so much wealth to be in the hands of so few people when 1 in 10 people live on less than $2 a day," Byanyima told the Associated Press. "Inequality is trapping hundreds of millions in poverty; it is fracturing our societies and undermining democracy."
Oxfam offered possible solutions to economic inequality in its report. These include higher taxes on wealth and income to pay for more public services. The group also calls on business leaders to pay their share of taxes.
In addition, Oxfam calls for stronger agreements between governments on fair pay for workers.
Max Lawson is the head of policy for Oxfam. He urged extremely rich people to, in his words, "do the right thing."
"We have a situation where billionaires are paying less tax often than their cleaner, or their secretary" Lawson told the Associated Press. "That's crazy."
Last year, the release of financial documents known as the "Panama Papers" showed how some wealthy people avoid paying taxes. The leaked documents were a collection of information about secret bank accounts some wealthy people used to hide their wealth.
On Monday, another report warned that income inequality has led to a decrease in trust in governments and other institutions.
Edelman is one of the world's biggest marketing companies. The company studied the opinions of 33,000 people from 28 different international markets before the start of this years' World Economic Forum.
Edelman said its study found the largest drop of trust in government, business, media and non-governmental organizations yet. The company has reported on its trust and credibility survey for 16 years.
Trust of chief executive officers of companies is at an all-time low, according to Edelman. The report added that government leaders are the least trusted group.
I'm Dorothy Gundy.
The president's popularity nationally is at an all-time low.
2.according to 通过
They both played the game according to the rules.
3.international markets 国际市场
We need to ensure developing countries have access to credit and international markets.
4.World Economic Forum 世界经济论坛
Since we are meeting at the world economic forum, I start with that.
1.On Monday, another report warned that income inequality has led to a decrease in trust in governments and other institutions.
income inequality 收入不均
The research on human capital accumulation is always associated with economic growth and income inequality.
Mexican and Korean voters are unhappy about income inequality and corruption.
2."Inequality is trapping hundreds of millions in poverty; it is fracturing our societies and undermining democracy."
hundreds of millions 数以万计的
The floods made hundreds of millions of people lose their homes, relatives and friends.
This event, lit by hundreds of millions of Chinese people and great patriotic fervor and sports enthusiasm!
包括微软的比尔·盖茨(Bill Gates)及前纽约市市长迈克尔·布隆伯格（Michael Bloomberg） 。
周一，国际乐施会（Oxfam）发布了这份报告 。乐施会是一家致力于解决全球贫困问题的国际组织 。
该组织警告称，公众对财富不平等的愤怒情绪或将引起政治变革 。乐施会指出，这类变革包括川普当选美国总统及英国公投退欧 。
该报告发布之时正当全球政商领袖云集瑞士达沃斯准备参加“世界经济论坛”之际 。这一年度盛会聚齐了各国首脑、专家以及活动人士来共同商讨重大国际议题 。
去年，乐施会曾发布过一份相似的报告，报告指出62为富豪占据了全球近一半的财富资源 。该组织称，瑞士信贷银行和《福布斯》杂志的最新信息表明，越来越多的财富被越来越少的富豪瓜分 。
《福布斯》杂志将盖茨列为世界首富 。该杂志称盖茨的身价为750亿美元左右 。
紧随盖茨的是西班牙Inditex服装公司的创始人阿曼西奥·奥特加（Amancio Ortega）和美国股神沃伦·巴菲特（Warren Buffett） 。此外还包括墨西哥商人卡洛斯·斯利姆·埃卢（Carlos Slim Helu）以及亚马逊公司创始人杰夫·贝佐斯（Jeff Bezos） 。后三位分别为Facebook创始人马克·扎克伯格（Mark Zuckerberg）、甲骨文公司联合创始人拉里·埃里森（Larry Ellison）及前纽约市市长兼传媒大亨迈克尔·布隆伯格（Michael Bloomberg） 。
温妮·拜安伊玛(Winnie Byanyima)是国际乐施会的执行董事 。她将参加在瑞士举办的世界经济论坛 。她希望能与世界各国首脑讨论财富不均引发的问题 。
拜安伊玛对美联社表示，“全球十分之一的人口每天靠不到2美元维持生计时，却有这么多财富掌握在寥寥数人手中，这太离谱了 。财富不均导致数亿人陷入贫困，社会被分裂，破民主遭破坏 。”
乐施会在报告中提出了解决经济不平等问题的方案 。包括提高财富和收入的税收用于提供更多公众服务 。该组织还呼吁商业领袖合法纳税 。
麦克斯·劳森（Max Lawson）是乐施会政策部门负责人 。他呼吁那些超级富翁“做正确的事情” 。
去年，一份名为“巴拿马文件”的财务信息揭露了一些富翁如何避税 。这些泄密文件收集了富豪们用于隐藏财富的私密银行账户信息 。
爱德曼（Edelman）是全球最大的营销公司之一 。在“世界经济论坛”开幕前，该公司征询了来自28个不同国际市场的3.3万人的意见 。
爱德曼公司表示，研究发现民众对政府、企业、媒体及非政府组织的信任度已大幅下降 。该公司称，其报告的信任度和可信度调查长达16年 。
据爱德曼公司透露，民众对各公司首席执行官的信任度已达到历史最低点 。报告还显示，政府首脑是信任度最低的群体 。