Trump Chooses ExxonMobil Chief as Secretary of State
U.S. President-elect Donald Trump has chosen Rex Tillerson as his secretary of state -- the top cabinet position.
Tillerson currently serves as Chief Executive Officer at the Texas-based oil company ExxonMobil.
In a statement, Trump said the businessman's experience operating a major company will help him lead the State Department.
"His tenacity, broad experience and deep understanding of geopolitics make him an excellent choice for secretary of state. He will promote regional stability and focus on the core national security interests of the United States," Trump said.
Tillerson has no experience as a diplomat, but his company has business relationships with governments in many countries, including Russia.
Trump says those contacts should serve Tillerson well as America's top diplomat. In Trump's words, "a great advantage is he knows many of the players and he knows them well. He does massive deals in Russia."
Tillerson has reached major agreements with Russian companies for the exploration and production of oil and natural gas. These deals led Russian President Vladimir Putin to give Tillerson his country's Order of Friendship in 2013.
Earlier this year, Tillerson said he has known Putin since 1999 and has a "very close relationship with him."
The ExxonMobil chief has strongly criticized American limits on trade with Russia. These measures have forced him to cancel some projects that would have been profitable for his company.
Political observers say Tillerson's ties with Russian officials may cause some members of the United States Senate to question his appointment. While American presidents can appoint members of their cabinet, the Senate must approve the nominees before they can serve. The Constitution gives the Senate this power.
On Sunday, John McCain, the chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee, said Tillerson's relationship with Putin is "a matter of concern."
Marco Rubio, a member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, said in a Tweet about Tillerson: "Being a friend of Vladimir is not an attribute I am hoping for from a secretary of state."
Relations between the United States and Russia have worsened in the past week after publication of intelligence findings. U.S. intelligence agencies found that Russia was involved in the theft of emails from Democratic Party officials. Some political observers believe the theft influenced the 2016 presidential election.
Trump has said repeatedly that he wants to improve relations with Moscow.
On Monday, Russia praised Tillerson. It said he is "highly professional."
I'm Ashley Thompson.
1.secretary of state 国务卿
The proposals were given in outline by the Secretary of State.
2.serves as 担任
He serves as a clerk in a bank.
3.the State Department 美国务院
The State Department was warning that this could lead to another diplomatic stand-off.
4.focus on 专注于
The talks will focus on economic development of the region.
1.Tillerson has reached major agreements with Russian companies for the exploration and production of oil and natural gas.
natural gas 天然气
Coal is to be displaced by natural gas and nuclear power.
The natural gas policy act was passed.
2.On Sunday, John McCain, the chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee, said Tillerson's relationship with Putin is "a matter of concern."
a matter of 大约；...的问题
This is not merely a matter of wording.
Well, never mind, John, it's not a matter of life and death.
好了，约翰，别太在意了 。这又不是什么生死攸关的大事 。
美国侯任总统唐纳德·特朗普（Donald Trump）提名雷克斯·蒂勒森（Rex Tillerson）为其内阁级别最高的职位——国务卿 。
“他执着的个性，丰富的经验以及对地缘政治的深刻了解使其成为国务卿的不二人选 。他将促进地缘稳定并关注美国的核心国家安全利益，”特朗普说道 。
但特朗普表示，这些经历将使蒂勒森成为一名出色的外交官 。用特朗普的话说，“其最大的优势在于认识并十分了解各国政府要员 。他与俄罗斯政府签有多笔大型合约 。”
蒂勒森在石油和天然气开采生产方面与俄罗斯企业达成多笔重大交易 。2013年，因为这些大型订单，俄罗斯总统普京授予蒂勒森“友谊勋章” 。
一直以来，蒂勒森强烈批判美国在对俄贸易方面的限制 。这些限制使公司很多盈利的项目被迫取消 。
政治观察员表示，蒂勒森与俄罗斯官员关系紧密，一些美国参议院议员开始质疑这项任命 。美国总统提名其内阁成员后，须得到参议院的允许才可上任 。宪法赋予参议院这项权利 。
周日，参议院军事委员会主席约翰·麦凯恩（John McCain）表示，蒂勒森与普京的关系“让人忧虑 。”
参议院外交委员会成员马克罗·鲁比奥（Marco Rubio）在推特上谈及蒂勒森时表示，“我可不希望美国的国务卿是普京的密友 。”
过去一周内，美俄关系随着情报的发布不断恶化 。美国情报机构发现，俄罗斯涉嫌窃取民主党议员邮件 。政治评论员称，邮件泄露影响了2016美国大选的结果 。
周一，俄罗斯方面盛赞蒂勒森 。称赞其“十分专业” 。