Next US President Faces Economic Concerns
Many Americans want the presidential election campaign to end as quickly as possible.
Political observers say it has been one of the most negative campaigns in many years. The top two candidates have little, if anything, good to say about each other.
Some observers have already begun to think about what will happen after the election. They say it will be very difficult to lead the government in one of the largest economies in the world at a time of economic uncertainty.
William Galston was an aide to Bill Clinton when he served as president.
"Very simply, elections have consequences. You are being hired to do a job and the American people's understanding of what they're hiring you to do is based on what comes out of your mouth during the campaign."
Galston notes that if Donald Trump is elected president, he will be forced to announce the full cost of building a wall between the United States and Mexico. Building a wall to keep out illegal immigrants is one of Trump's main campaign promises.
The Republican Party presidential candidate has said that the project would cost $12 billion. But independent estimates suggest it would cost more than three times that much.
Galston says Hillary Clinton, the Democratic Party's candidate, would have other questions to answer if she is elected. Clinton would be forced to explain how much her planned programs would cost and how she would put them in place.
"She's talked about a children('s) family policy. She's talked about a big infrastructure program. She's talked about comprehensive immigration reform. These are all the sorts of things that the American people will hold her responsible for doing."
Maya MacGuineas is the president of the Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget. The group is non-partisan, meaning it stays away from party politics.
MacGuineas says whoever wins the presidency will have a difficult time keeping campaign promises.
"Donald Trump, for instance, has promised not to fix entitlement programs -- Medicare and Social Security. Hillary Clinton has promised not to raise taxes on any family making below $250,000. Well that sounds nice, but if you want to spend as much as she wants to, you can't fix this problem from just taxing the rich alone."
She also says the next president will also have to deal with slow economic growth and a job market that worries many Americans.
In addition to slow-rising wages and growing income inequality, the federal government must deal with its growing debt. Experts believe it will be $20 trillion by the end of the year.
"Hillary Clinton, basically, would keep the status quo. Donald Trump would make it worse. So Hillary Clinton comes out significantly ahead, but neither of them has a plan to do what we're looking for and therefore nobody gets a passing grade."
The Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget says Trump's plan would add $5 trillion to the debt. It says Clinton's would add about $200 billion. Neither candidate has a plan to reduce the budget deficit.
I'm Christopher Jones-Cruise.
1.presidential election 总统选举
Neither of the front-runners in the presidential election is a mainstream politician.
2.at a time 一次；每次
He was able to spend only a few days at a time on the island.
3.status quo 现状
They have no wish for any change in the status quo.
4.budget deficit 预算赤字
They're ready to cut the federal budget deficit for the next fiscal year.
1.William Galston was an aide to Bill Clinton when he served as president.
served as 担任；作为
She ushered me into the front room, which served as her office.
For seven years until 1991 he served as a district councillor in Solihull.
2.Clinton would be forced to explain how much her planned programs would cost and how she would put them in place.
put sth in place 落实；实施
They're offended by the elaborate security measures the police have put in place.
On the reforms front, China has put in place the basic structure for a market economy.
政治观察员表示，此次选战可能是多年来负面评价最多的选战之一 。主流政党的两名候选人对彼此都没嘴下留情 。
一些观察员早已开始考虑选举之后的局面了 。他们认为，在经济尚不稳定情况下，掌局作为世界最大经济体之一的政府绝非易事 。
威廉·加尔斯顿（William Galston）是前总统比尔·克林顿的助手 。
“很简单，选举是有后果的 。你受雇来做这份工作，而美国民众认为，之所以选择你是因为你在选战期间所许下的诺言 。”
加尔斯顿指出，如果唐纳德·特朗普（Donald Trump）当选，他将被迫公布美国与墨西哥的筑墙成本 。筑墙阻挡非法移民是特朗普主要竞选承诺之一 。
特朗普称，筑墙项目将耗资120亿美元 。而据独立的第三方预估，实际的筑墙成本比这三倍还要多 。
加尔斯顿表示，若民主党总统候选人希拉里·克林顿（Hillary Clinton）当选，同样需要面对棘手的问题 。希拉里需要向民众解释她的计划所需花费以及如何将资金落实到位 。
“她谈及儿童家庭计划、规模庞大的基础设施工程及全面的移民改革等 。这些计划都是美国民众希望她负责任去实现的 。”
玛雅·麦克基尼（Maya MacGuineas）是联邦预算问责委员会主席 。该机构属于无党派组织，即党派政治对其没有影响 。
“唐纳德·特朗普曾承诺不会变更政府福利项目——医保和社保 。而希拉里·克林顿承诺不会提高收入低于25万美元的家庭的税款 。理想很丰满，但如果真想随心所欲地消费，单靠向富人征税来是解决不了问题的 。”
除了涨薪慢和收入不均的问题，联邦政府还需解决日益累积的债务问题 。专家称，到今年年底，政府债务将高达20万亿美元 。
“总体来说，克林顿至少能够维持现状 。而特朗普只会雪上加霜 。因此，克林顿一直处于明显领先优势，但是二人都没有民众所期待的解决方案，所以他俩都不及格 。”
美国尽责联邦预算委员会称，特朗普的计划或导致政府增加5万亿美元的债务 。而希拉里的计划可能会增加2000亿美元债务 。两位候选人都没有提出减少预算赤字的计划 。