Unkind Words Hurt the Brain
From VOA Learning English, this is the Health and Lifestyle report.
There is a popular saying in the English language: "Sticks and stones may break my bones, but names will never hurt me."
Well, that is not true.
Unkind words, name-calling or even the so-called "the silent treatment" can hurt children as much as being physically hit, sometimes even more so.
A recent study of middle school children showed that verbal abuse by other children can harm development in the brain. The study was a project of researchers at Harvard Medical School in Massachusetts.
Researcher Martin Teicher and his team studied young adults, ages 18 to 25. These young men and women had no experience with domestic violence, sexual abuse or physical abuse by their parents.
The researchers asked the young people to rate their childhood exposure to verbal abuse from both parents and other children. Then the researchers performed imaging tests on the brains of the subjects.
The images showed that the individuals who reported suffering verbal abuse from their peers in middle school had underdeveloped connections between the left and right side of the brain.
The two sides of the brain are connected by a large bundle of connecting fibers called the corpus callosum. This was the area that was underdeveloped.
The middle school years are a time when these brain connections are developing. So, unkind, hurtful comments from children or adults during this period had the greatest effect.
The researchers tested the mental and emotional condition of all the young people in the study. The tests showed that this same group of individuals had higher levels of fear, depression, anger and drug abuse than others in the study.
The researchers published their findings online on the American Journal of Psychiatry's website.
We cannot control what other people say to our children. But we can prepare them. A website called CreativeWithKids.com suggests 64 things that all children need to hear.
Here, are our top 20.
I am curious what you think.
You are creative.
I believe in you.
You can ask for help.
You make me smile
I have faith in you.
You are imperfect. So am I.
You are a good friend.
I will do my best to keep you safe.
Trust your instincts.
My world is better with you in it.
I love you.
It's fun to do things with you.
You are valuable.
Your choices matter.
You can change your mind.
You make a difference.
I'm ready to listen.
You can learn from your mistakes.
I'm proud of you.
Share one or more of these statements with a child in your life. Actually, maybe we all need to hear some of these statements.
Choose another and say it to an adult you care about.
I'm Anna Matteo.
Then the teacher arrived and said that the name-calling had got to stop.
2.verbal abuse 口头谩骂
They were jostled and subjected to a torrent of verbal abuse.
3.domestic violence 家庭暴力
Women are still the main victims of domestic violence.
4.sexual abuse 性虐待
This book is written with survivors of child sexual abuse in mind.
1.Unkind words, name-calling or even the so-called "the silent treatment" can hurt children as much as being physically hit, sometimes even more so.
as much as 差不多
I enjoy pleasure as much as the next person
Experts reveal only as much as they care to.
2.The tests showed that this same group of individuals had higher levels of fear, depression, anger and drug abuse than others in the study.
in order to 为了...
Drug abuse is a can of worms nobody wants to open at sporting events.
The fight against drug abuse goes on.
一项针对中学生的新研究表明，语言暴力会损害孩子的大脑发育 。该研究是马萨诸塞州哈佛医学院研究人员进行的一个项目 。
研究人员马丁·泰契尔（Martin Teicher）和团队调查了18到25岁的青少年 。这些青少年都未遭受过家庭暴力、性虐待或体罚 。
研究人员让青少年评价遭受过父母或其他孩子语言暴力的童年 。接着，研究人员对受访者进行大脑成像测试 。
中学时期是大脑连接发育的重要阶段 。因此，该阶段同龄人或成年人不友善的、侮辱性的语言的影响力最大 。
研究人员还对受访青少年的精神和情感状态进行测试 。结果表明，与其他人相比，这群青少年普遍存在较高程度的恐惧、抑郁、愤怒和滥用药物的现象 。
我们无法阻止别人评论孩子 。但是可以让他们做好心理准备 。CreativeWithKids.com网站总结出孩子需要聆听到的64句话 。
在生活中经常和孩子们分享这些语句 。其实，也许我们都需要时常听到这些语句 。