The Most Dangerous Time for Mothers and Babies
The days immediately before and after child birth appear the most dangerous for mothers and babies.
The World Health Organization, or WHO, estimates that more than 300,000 women die every year during pregnancy or childbirth. Each year, about 2.6 million babies are stillborn and another 2.7 million babies die during the first 28 days of life, it said.
Most of the deaths are taking place in South Asia and in Africa, south of the Sahara Desert. Many of the deaths could have been avoided with quality health care, WHO officials said.
Another problem is that nearly all babies who are stillborn and half of all newborn deaths are never documented. Those deaths are not reported to or investigated by government health agencies.
Officials said this means the actual number of stillborn and newborn deaths is probably even higher than the WHO's own current estimates.
The United Nations agency says the lack of information makes it harder to find solutions.
Ian Askew is director of Reproductive Health and Research at the WHO. He said it is important for all births and deaths to be counted so health officials can make better decisions on how to prevent future deaths.
In this way, Askew said, countries could improve the quality of health care and stop "millions of families from enduring the pain of losing their infants or mothers."
The WHO released three reports earlier this month to help health agencies do a better job collecting information.
Askew told VOA that traditions and beliefs often interfere with the collection of important records about infant deaths.
In many countries, he said, there is a belief, that a stillbirth may not represent a lost life.
Some stillbirths, infant deaths or deaths of mothers result from complications during childbirth, the WHO said. Others may result from health problems with the mother, including diabetes or hypertension.
A poor diet or using drugs can interfere with the growth of a fetus inside the mother, the WHO added.
I'm Bruce Alpert.
1.child birth 分娩
Millions of mothers can be saved from dying in child birth.
Her second child was stillborn.
3.health care 卫生保健
Medical and health care has grown vigorously.
4.newborn death 新生儿死亡
Suffocation and premature take 77.96% of newborn death.
1.Most of the deaths are taking place in South Asia and in Africa, south of the Sahara Desert.
take place 发生；举行
His graduation will never take place if he doesn't get to work.
Earthquakes take place far underground.
2.In this way, Askew said, countries could improve the quality of health care and stop "millions of families from enduring the pain of losing their infants or mothers."
In this way 如此；照此方式
He hoped in this way to get rid of the troublesome prisoner.
Thankfully, we are not the only ones thinking in this way.
据世界卫生组织统计，每年死于妊娠期或分娩期的女性超过30万人 。每年约260万婴儿胎死腹中，270万婴儿在出生后的28天内夭折 。
这些死亡案例集中于南亚以及非洲撒哈拉以南地区 。世界卫生组织官员称，假如良好的医疗服务到位的话，大多数的死亡案例是可以避免的 。
另外，几乎所有死产婴儿及一半新生儿的死亡从未登记过 。政府卫生机构没有接到这些死亡报告或者根本没有对此进行调查 。
伊恩·艾斯丘（Ian Askew）是世界卫生组织生殖卫生和研究司的司长 。他表示，只有将所有出生和死亡的数据统计在册，卫生官员才能在预防死亡方面做出更好的决策 。
世界卫生组织表示，部分死产、新生儿死亡或孕产妇死亡是因分娩期间的并发症导致的 。有的是因为孕产妇的健康问题引起的，包括糖尿病或高血压 。