Where Are the World's Tallest and Shortest People?
The tallest men in the world are Dutch, while the tallest women come from Latvia.
That finding comes from a new British study. It also found that East Timor is home to some of the shortest men on our planet, while the shortest women are in Guatemala.
Scientists from Imperial College of London studied height measurements for young adults over the past century. The scientists found that between 1914 and 2014, people in some countries have grown taller while average height shrank in other areas.
The study found that Dutch men now have an average height of more than 182 centimeters. Among Latvian women, the average height is 170 centimeters. Those numbers represent an increase for both countries since 1914.
The question to ask is, why?
Philip Wilkens is from Amsterdam, the largest city in The Netherlands. He thinks diet and exercise might explain, in part, why Dutch men are so tall.
"Maybe they eat more potatoes? Maybe they eat more bread than other people? We are sportsmen so we do a lot of sports. Maybe that's why we grow a little faster."
He might have a point. Scientists agree that sport has something to do with how tall a person is.
Silvija Umbrasko is from Riga Stradins University in Latvia.
She says that the height of women can be increased by playing sports and through exercises. She adds that sports such as basketball, volleyball and even handball help a young person grow "because of the stretching exercises that are used."
Experts agree that physical activity is important for physical growth. Other studies have explored possible links between a lack of emotional attention and physical growth. But scientists also add that growth depends mostly on diet and environmental and genetic factors.
Sanda is a tall woman from Latvia's capital, Riga.
She says, "I'm so used to my height that I don't pay attention to it. However, I've heard that guys like tall girls; so it is a good thing."
In 2014, the top 10 tallest nations for men and women were mainly in Europe. Many scientists believe that people in Europe have grown taller in recent years because of improved nutrition.
However, the average height in many African and Middle Eastern nations has declined since 1914. In East Timor, the average man is 160 centimeters tall. Many people also are short in Yemen, Laos, Madagascar and a number of Asian and African countries.
The British scientists say that the United States reached a plateau in growth about 20 years ago. In other words, the average of height of young adults has changed little during that period.
But really, who cares? Is there a good reason for being tall?
According to some earlier studies, the answer could be, yes.
For example, one study explored the relationship between a person's height and their future earnings. American researchers led this investigation. They found that "taller workers receive a notable wage or earnings premium in developing economies." Their findings were reported in the Journal of Human Capital.
I'm Anna Matteo.
1.have a point 有道理
You have a point there, but they are not the same.
2.stretching exercises 伸展运动
Do these stretching exercises for 30 seconds.
3.pay attention to 重视；注意
The government desired that everyone should pay attention to the rule.
4.In other words 换句话说
In other words, the system broke.
1.He thinks diet and exercise might explain, in part, why Dutch men are so tall.
in part 某种程度；部分
Her success was in part due to luck.
In part the decline in this willingness has an economic base.
2.He might have a point. Scientists agree that sport has something to do with how tall a person is.
has something to do with 与...有关
He has something to do with the college.
In China almost everyone has something to do with banking services.
这一结论来源于英国最新的研究 。研究发现，全球最矮的人大多来自于东帝汶，而世界上最小巧的女性生活在危地马拉 。
帝国理工学院的科学家调查了上个世纪各国年轻成年人的身高 。他们发现，1914年到2014年间，有些国家的人均身高有所增长，而有的国家不增反降 。
研究发现，荷兰男性的平均身高现已接近182厘米 。而拉脱维亚女性的身高也接近170厘米 。这些数据表明，自1914年起，两个国家的人均身高都出现明显增幅 。
菲利普·威尔肯斯（Philip Wilkens）来自荷兰第一大城市阿姆斯特丹 。他认为，荷兰男性身材高大某种程度上归功于饮食和锻炼 。
“他们吃土豆比较多？或者吃的面包比别人多？我们爱好运动所以经常锻炼 。这可能就是我们发育快的原因吧 。”
他的观点不无道理 。科学家们也认可运动影响身高的说法 。Silvija Umbrasko来自拉脱维亚的里加斯坦丁斯大学 。
她表示，运动和体育锻炼有助于女性长高 。她还补充说，一些拉伸性运动，如篮球，排球和手球对年轻人的身体发育非常有利 。
专家认为体育活动对身体发育十分重要 。还有一些研究表明缺乏情感关注会影响身体发育 。但有些专家补充道：身体发育主要由饮食、环境和基因决定 。
她表示：“过去，我对自己的身高毫不在意 。但是，听说小伙子们都喜欢身材高挑的女孩 。所以这是件好事 。”
2014年，人均身高排名前10的国家集中在欧洲 。科学家认为，近年来，欧洲人均身高增长得益于营养的改善 。
然而，1914年以来，非洲和中东多个国家的人均身高出现下降趋势 。东帝汶的人均身高只有160厘米 。也门、老挝、马达加斯加以及亚洲和非洲部分国家的人均身高指数也偏低 。
英国的科学家表示：20年前开始，美国的人均身高就进入了停滞期 。也就是说，美国年轻成年人的平均身高无明显变化 。
例如，一项研究曾指出个人身高与未来收入密切相关 。这项调查是由美国研究人员主导的 。他们发现，“在发展中国家，个子高的人更容易获得高收入或额外奖金” 。这一研究结果发表在《人力资本》杂志上 。