Texas Students Can Bring Guns to College
The American state of Texas joined eight other states this week in giving individuals a right to bring guns to college classrooms.
The Texas law gives people 21 and older permission to carry concealed handguns into buildings at state-financed colleges. To do so, the person needs a government permit that requires training in safe gun use.
The law took effect on the same day the University of Texas marked the 50th anniversary of the first mass shooting at an American college campus.
On August 1, 1966, Charles Whitman used a gun to shoot at people from high atop the university's clock tower. Seventeen people lost their lives, and many more were injured.
One of the first people shot and injured was Claire Wilson. She was pregnant and lost her baby. The gunman killed her boyfriend, Tom Eckman, in the attack.
Today, Wilson uses the name Claire Wilson James. She spoke on Monday at a memorial ceremony, offering this lesson from her personal tragedy: "Treasure the ones we walk with each moment."
Supporters of the new Texas law say it will save lives by giving people the right to use their own guns to stop a shooter before police arrive. Texas Governor Greg Abbott said it was carefully written to require people to get special training to bring guns to colleges.
Opponents said the gun law might make things worse. It might make it difficult for police to identify the shooter or shooters from those firing weapons to stop the attack, they said.
Opponents also worry that access to guns will make it easier for people who are depressed or have a mental health issue to take their own lives.
Under the new law, people are permitted to carry guns into college buildings, classrooms and student housing. Guns are not permitted at sporting events.
Each state college can establish its own rules. For example, at the University of Texas, professors can declare their offices, "gun-free zones."
University students and employees over age 21 can have guns in common areas, such as dormitories, dining halls and lounges. But they can't carry guns in dormitory rooms, where students sleep.
At Texas A&M University, another state school, guns are permitted in dormitory rooms. Teachers at Texas A&M need approval from school administrators before they can bar people from carrying guns into their offices.
Under the state law, private colleges can choose whether or not to permit concealed guns. So far, only one private Texas college -- Amberton University -- is allowing guns.
I'm Bruce Alpert.
1.college campus 大学校园
I can't believe I'm actually on a college campus.
2.memorial ceremony 追悼会；悼念仪式
Now have a memorial ceremony for Comrade Bin Laden.
3.access to 接近；靠近
They now have access to the mass markets of Japan and the UK.
4.mental health 心理健康
Mental health is determined by socio-economic, biological and environmental factors.
1.The law took effect on the same day the University of Texas marked the 50th anniversary of the first mass shooting at an American college campus.
take effect 生效；起作用
The medicine quickly took effect.
It was nearly an hour before the sleeping pill took effect.
2.Under the state law, private colleges can choose whether or not to permit concealed guns.
whether or not 不论；是否
Whether or not we arrive on time is contingent on the weather.
The client can decide whether or not to take the case to court.
当事人能决定是否 把该诉讼提交法庭 。
德州法律规定，年满21岁的学生可携带“隐蔽性”枪支进入公立大学 。学生只有接受过枪支安全使用训练才能获得持枪许可 。
1966年8月1日，查尔斯·惠特曼在该校钟楼顶部向人们开火 。枪击事件造成17人死亡，多人受伤 。
第一位被枪击中的是克莱尔·威尔逊 。当时怀有身孕的她不幸流产 。她的男友汤姆·艾克曼在枪手扫射过程中被击毙 。
如今，当时的威尔逊已经成为克莱尔·威尔逊·詹姆斯 。在周一的祭奠仪式上，她用自己的悲惨经历告诫大家：“时刻珍惜身边的人 。”
支持德州新法律的民众认为，获得枪支使用权就可以在警察抵达前制止袭击者，挽救更多的生命 。德州州长格雷格·艾伯特表示，法律中明确规定，只有经过特殊训练，才可获得携枪支入校的许可 。
反对者声称，该枪支法会使整件事情恶化 。一旦集体开火阻止袭击，那么警察很难辨认谁才是真正的袭击者 。
新法律规定，允许人们携枪支进入学校大楼、教室和公寓 。不过，运动场馆禁止携带枪支 。
州立大学可以自立校规 。例如，德克萨斯大学教授可将办公室申请为“无枪区 。”
年满21岁的大学生和工作人员可在公寓、食堂和休息室等公共区域携带枪支 。但是不允许在宿舍内携带枪支 。
而另一所公立学校德州农工大学规定，宿舍允许携带枪支 。德州农工大学的教师需获得学校管理员批准，方可禁止学生带枪进入其办公室 。
依据州法律，私立学校可自行决定是否允许学生携带隐蔽枪支 。目前为止，德州仅有艾门伯顿大学这一所私立学校允许学生携带枪支 。