Switzerland Opens World’s Longest, Deepest Rail Tunnel
Switzerland has opened the world's longest and deepest railway tunnel, 17 years after starting work on the project.
The Gotthard Railway Tunnel is 57 kilometers long. Trains passing through it will be about 2.3 kilometers underground at the deepest point.
The tunnel cost $12 billion to build under the Alps of central Switzerland.
The tunnel will reduce the time it takes trains to travel between northern and southern Europe. It is also expected to lower the number of vehicles on roads, and move cargo between north and south.
Many large trucks now carry goods through Europe. The trucks pollute the air.
The two-way tunnel opens for commercial service in December. When that happens, up to 260 freight trains and 65 passenger trains will be able to pass through it every day.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel, French President Francois Hollande and Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi were at the opening ceremony on Wednesday. There were also musical bands and dancers. To celebrate the event, a special song was even written for the tunnel.
The new tunnel will have an effect on Switzerland and the rest of Europe for years to come.
Switzerland is not a member of the European Union. But some EU member countries have helped pay for, design and build the tunnel. The tunnel is expected to help the EU railway network -- especially traffic between Germany and Italy.
The tunnel stretches from the German-speaking town of Erstfeld in the north to the Italian-speaking town of Bodio in the south.
I'm Christopher Jones-Cruise.
1.railway tunnel 铁路隧道
He moves on into a railway tunnel.
2.pass through 穿过；通过
Let the oil vapor pass through a condenser.
3.the number of ...的数量
The difficulty that faces us is the number of those in need.
4.commercial service 商业服务
1976，the first commercial service Concorde flight took off.
1. When that happens, up to 260 freight trains and 65 passenger trains will be able to pass through it every day.
up to 高达；多达
The figures add up to 450.
I brought her proficiency up to the required level.
2.The new tunnel will have an effect on Switzerland and the rest of Europe for years to come.
have an effect on 对...有影响
What you say or do will have an effect on others.
I've told you we're going to have an effect on elections in this state.
这条隧道将缩短欧洲北部到南部的列车运行时间 。此外，该隧道可以减少穿梭于欧洲南北公路的货车数量 。
欧洲境内的货物运输主要依赖大型货车 。因此，空气受到严重污染 。
这条双向隧道将于今年12月正式投入商业运营 。正式通车后，每天将会有高达260趟货运列车以及65趟客运列车从这通过 。
德国总理默克尔、法国总统奥朗德以及意大利总理伦齐出席了周三的开幕式 。现场还有乐队和舞蹈表演 。民众甚至专门写了一首歌庆祝隧道开通仪式 。
瑞士并非欧盟成员国 。但一些欧盟国家帮助出资、设计并建造了这条隧道 。预计该隧道可进一步完善欧盟铁路网，尤其是成为连接德国和意大利的重要交通枢纽 。