Boko Haram Uses Children as Suicide Bombers
The African militant group Boko Haram is increasingly using children to carry out suicide bombings.
The United Nations says 44 children were involved in Boko Haram suicide attacks last year. Only four children were used in such attacks in 2014.
The information comes from the UN Children's Emergency Fund, known as UNICEF.
A UNICEF report said that 20 percent of Boko Haram suicide bombers were children. The youngest was thought to be eight years old.
The militant group has sent children to carry out attacks in crowded markets and religious centers. The children sometimes do not know they are carrying explosives. The boys and girls are rarely considered as a threat by police or security forces.
Over the past two years, UNICEF said, Cameroon alone has recorded 21 suicide attacks involving children. Nigeria has 17 such attacks, while Chad has two.
The report was released on the second anniversary of Boko Haram's kidnapping of 276 girls from Chibok in northern Nigeria. Among those, 219 are still missing.
Women and girls freed from Boko Haram say the militants used them as sex slaves or forced them to assist in the group's operations.
Boko Haram's seven-year campaign of violence has killed 20,000 people and displaced more than 2 million others.
The group set out to establish its version of Islamic law in northern Nigeria. That has included launching war on Western education. Human Rights Watch reported Tuesday that Boko Haram has killed 611 teachers since 2009. Attacks have destroyed or led to the closure of over 2,000 schools.
1.suicide bombing 自杀式爆炸袭击
Suicide bombing has also developed a sinister glamour among the youth of the Pakistan's tribal areas.
2.militant group 武装组织
Officials say the attack was orchestrated by a militant group.
3.comes from 来源于；来自
His passport is proof that he comes from Canada.
4.set out 开始；出发
He set out to conquer the literary world of London.
1.The information comes from the UN Children's Emergency Fund, known as UNICEF.
known as 被认为是...；以...而著称
He is known as a gifted orator.
These crystals occur in nature and are the gems known as rubies.
2.The militant group has sent children to carry out attacks in crowded markets and religious centers.
carry out 执行；实施
No matter what we do, we must carry out our duties.
He hasn't the funds to carry out his design.
联合国儿童基金会的一名工作人员表示，“博科圣地”组织里20%的自杀式炸弹袭击者为儿童 。其中最小的孩子只有8岁 。
该组织利用儿童携带炸弹在人多密集的市区及宗教中心实施袭击 。有时，那些孩子并不知道自己携带了炸弹 。警方和安保部门也没想到这些孩子是一种恐袭威胁 。
过去两年里，联合国儿童基金会表示，仅喀麦隆就发生了21起儿童自杀式袭击事件 。尼日利亚17起，乍得2起 。
这一数据的公布时间刚好是尼日利亚Chibok镇200多名女孩被“博科圣地”绑架的两周年纪念日 。所有被绑架的女孩中有219人至今下落不明 。
该组织计划在尼日利亚北部建立“伊斯兰法”，包括向西方教育宣战 。周二，人权观察组织报道，自2009年以来“博科圣地”组织已杀死611名教师 。因恐怖袭击事件被摧毁或迫使关闭的学校多达200余所 。