Want to Lose Weight? Listen to Yourself Eat
From VOA Learning English, this is the Health and Lifestyle report.
Restaurant chefs, home cooks, and foodies -- people who love good food -- often say that we eat with all of our senses.
First, we use our sense of sight to appreciate how a meal is presented, either on a dinner plate or a dining table. Our sense of touch can also be important when preparing or sharing food.
Next, with our sense of smell, we breathe in the mouth-watering aromas rising up from the meal. Finally, we enjoy and perhaps even savor the food with our sense of taste.
But what about our sense of hearing? Does sound also affect our dining experience?
A new report answers, ‘yes,' it does.
That answer comes from researchers at Brigham Young University and Colorado State University in the United States. They found that hearing is important in the eating experience.
Hearing is often called "the forgotten food sense," says Ryan Elder.
Elder is an assistant professor of marketing at Brigham Young University's Marriott School of Management. He says that if people notice the sound the food makes as they eat it, they might eat less.
On the other hand, watching loud television or listening to loud music while eating can hide such noises. And this could lead to overeating.
For the study, the researchers wanted to test whether the sounds of eating – chewing, chomping and crunching – had any effect on how much a person ate.
During the experiments, the test subjects wore headphones and listened to noise at either a high or low audio level. Then researchers gave them a crunchy snack: pretzels. The study found that subjects who listened to the higher volume noise ate more pretzels than those with the low audio levels.
Elder says that when hiding the sounds of eating, like when you watch television or listen to loud music while eating, we take away the sense of hearing. And this may cause you to eat more than you would normally.
The researchers are calling this, the "crunch effect."
The researchers admit that the effects may not seem like much at one meal. But over a week, a month, or a year, all that food can really add up.
But besides not overeating, there is another upside.
Hearing the noises of your meal as you eat, could help you to be more mindful of the experience and perhaps help you to enjoy it more.
The researchers reported their findings in the journal Food Quality and Preference.
I'm Anna Matteo.
1.good food 美食
Almost everybody appreciates good food.
2.sense of sight 视觉
When you steal away her sense of sight, her other senses become heightened.
Maybe, there's mouth-watering magic in Asian flavours.
4.assistant professor 助理教授
Miss Liu was a assistant professor, so marrying an associate professor should be quite enough.
1.Next, with our sense of smell, we breathe in the mouth-watering aromas rising up from the meal.
rise up 上升；升起
I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up.
They finally rise up and burst their fetters.
2.On the other hand, watching loud television or listening to loud music while eating can hide such noises. And this could lead to overeating.
lead to 引起；导致
Blindly copying others might very well lead to losses.
Her poor French often lead to misunderstandings when she visits France.
首先，通过视觉我们可以欣赏餐盘或餐桌上的美食 。然后，通过触觉我们可以准备烹饪或分享美食 。
接着，通过嗅觉我们可以闻到食物诱人的香味 。最后，通过味觉我们可以尽情享用美食 。
美国杨百翰大学和科罗拉多州立大学的研究人员对此做出回应 。他们发现听觉在就餐过程中起着很大的作用 。
另一方面，人们在进食时若观看音量较高的电视节目或听喧闹的音乐，这些设备的噪音会掩盖咀嚼声 。这样会导致过度饮食 。
研究人员要求实验对象头戴音量大小不一的耳机 。之后研究人员分给他们一包松脆可口的零食：脆饼干 。结果发现，听高音量的实验对象比听低音量的实验对象进食多 。
埃尔德称，吃东西时看电视或者听很嘈杂的音乐会把你进食的声音屏蔽掉，其实就是掩盖了你的听觉 。如此摄食量会超过其正常食量 。
研究人员指出这种效果的影响也许不明显 。但日积月累，其产生的减肥效果将非常显著 。