VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国学生在朝鲜被捕
日期:2016-01-25 10:01

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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An American student has been arrested in North Korea.

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The arrest is the latest in a series of arrests of U.S. citizens.

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Analysts say North Korea uses the citizens as bargaining chips.

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The student is Otto Frederick Warmbier, 21, of Cincinnati, Ohio.

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He is studying economics at the University of Virginia.

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He "was caught committing a hostile act against the state," the official North Korean news agency, KCNA, reported on Friday.

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Warmbier's actions were "tolerated and manipulated by the U.S. government," according to the dispatch.

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Daniel Pinkston is a professor at Troy University in Seoul. He told VOA that:

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"We can only speculate why he has been detained. But it is quite risky to visit (North Korea) as a tourist given the sensitivities regarding anything about the state, the leadership, government, and political system, or geo-politics in general."

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Warmbier was a member of a trip organized by China-based Young Pioneer Tours. He was detained January 2, four days before North Korea conducted its fourth nuclear test in defiance of United Nation sanctions.

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The United States and North Korea have no diplomatic relations. The U.S. State Department has, for years, issued strong recommendations and travel warnings against visiting North Korea because of the risk of arrest and longterm detention.

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Many of the North Americans arrested by North Korea in recent years have had links to Christian Evangelical groups.

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But Warmbier's social media accounts show no religious connections.

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Approximately 200,000 North Koreans are believed to be in prison for their political views or religious beliefs, according to human rights groups.

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I'm Mario Ritter.

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词汇解释

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1.hostile adj. 敌对的,敌方的;怀敌意的 n.敌对

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The West has gradually relaxed its hostile attitude to this influential state.
西方对这个有影响力的国家的敌对态度已趋缓和P7gDhk4H3Cx5Yl+*jQ

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2.dispatch n. 派遣;急件;(记者发回的)新闻报道 vt. 派遣;分派

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The victory inspired him to dispatch a gleeful telegram to Roosevelt.
胜利促使他给罗斯福发了封喜报R&rG|iK]%[ntgnw_Nm7

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3.evangelical adj. 福音的;福音派教会的;新教会的 n. 福音派信徒

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He took up the cause with evangelical fervour.
他以传道者般的热情投身于这一事业5,VOF(sQ!5Cb&

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内容解析

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1.Analysts say North Korea uses the citizens as bargaining chips.

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bargaining chip (某方所拥有的)谈判的筹码,(可进行)讨价还价的筹码,筹码,有利条件[略作 chip]

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He reiterated his position that nuclear weapons could not be used as international bargaining chips.
他一再重申他的立场,认为核武器不可以用来当作国际谈判的筹码~sWSTt)2%zhQykLE

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If you know that you plan to raise additional capital, having unrestricted shares is often one of your only bargaining chips with future investors.
如果你打算进行额外融资,没有限制的股份通常是在你和未来投资者讨价还价时唯一的筹码A9^#G=!#0;Rqi|

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2.He was detained January 2, four days before North Korea conducted its fourth nuclear test in defiance of United Nation sanctions.

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in defiance of 不顾,无视;无视;违抗

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He climbed the ladder in defiance of the warning.
他无视警告爬上了那架梯子V.#!,QglqzE%=

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She acted in defiance of my orders.
她无视我的命令行动了6bHF)n(0Q=y

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参考译文

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一名美国学生在朝鲜被捕pL%Fa+Sl6c_

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这是最近发生的诸多美国公民被捕案的一例.jkzc~xsO!a2_)NzZa

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分析家称朝鲜利用这些被捕者作为谈判筹码=0diwuVmD%gG

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这名学生是来自俄亥俄州辛辛那提市的奥托·弗雷德里克·沃姆贝尔,今年21岁u&b1Wf-+Wj[7i(AHrv

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他在维吉尼亚大学学习经济学C8EErM7rDY8IS

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根据朝鲜中央通讯社周五的报道,他被捕是因为“对朝鲜做出敌意行为”kWl8Mm@WSTphq

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该报道称,沃姆贝尔的行为“得到美国政府的容忍并为之所操纵”Fw125vDg#Q&#S+

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丹尼尔·平克斯顿是特洛伊大学首尔分校的教授,他在接受美国之音采访时说:

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“我们只能揣测出他被捕的原因,但考虑到与朝鲜相关问题的敏感性,比如领导层、政府、政治体制、以及地缘政治等问题,以游客身份访问该国都是非常危险的sR[+^*Nk(++BI(S0lD。”

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沃姆贝尔参加了总部在中国的青年先锋旅游公司组织的一次旅行,他是1月2日被捕的,就在4天前朝鲜不顾联合国制裁进行了第四次核测试NYOE!Ooi2#=[1.^!NF

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美国和朝鲜没有外交往来,美国国务院多年来强烈建议和警告人们不要去朝鲜旅行,因为会有被捕和长期拘禁的风险,i~sEoSx#*qMq50Lt^Pt

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最近几年在朝鲜被捕的北美人都与基督教福音派团体有关=KZGndu#p=

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但沃姆贝尔的社交媒体记录上没有显示他与宗教有什么关系tsWaJcvdh-P4

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根据人权组织的报告,据悉大约有20万朝鲜人因政治观点或宗教理念被捕I]+r(#KHjJ7d-gCLt

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重点单词
  • speculatevt. 推测,好奇 vi. 深思,投机
  • dispatchv. 派遣,迅速做完,立即处死 n. 派遣,发送,急件,
  • socialadj. 社会的,社交的 n. 社交聚会
  • relaxedadj. 放松的, 松懈的,随意的 relax的过去式(
  • organizedv. 组织
  • inspiredadj. 有创见的,有灵感的
  • approximatelyadv. 近似地,大约
  • arrestvt. 逮捕,拘留 n. 逮捕,拘留 vt. 阻止
  • telegramn. 电报 vt. 向 ... 发电报
  • influentialadj. 有权势的,有影响的 n. 有影响力的人物