VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):伊拉克前副总理艾哈迈德.沙拉离世
日期:2015-11-09 08:25

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Iraqi Politician Ahmad Chalabi Dies
Iraqi politician Ahmad Chalabi, 71, has died in Baghdad.
Chalabi influenced American lawmakers and presidential advisers to invade Iraq and overthrow the Saddam Hussein government in 1998.
Chalabi lived in exile until the end of the Saddam Hussein dictatorship. Officials said he died of heart failure.
Chalabi influenced the U.S. Congress to pass the Iraq Liberation Act in 1998. That law stated military action in Iraq that former President George W. Bush said would bring democracy to Iraq and the region.
He was friends with former Vice President Dick Cheney and many top Pentagon officials, according to the New York Times.
Chalabi said he believed Saddam Hussein held weapons of mass destruction, the Times reported in his obituary. He survived an assassination attempt in 2008. In that attack, he was targeted by a suicide bomber. After that, Chalabi allied himself with Moktada al-Sadr, the radical Shiite leader and Iran ally.
In 2014, he was named as a possible prime minister candidate.
He was born in Baghdad in 1944. His family went into exile in 1958 – the year Iraqi army officers overthrew the monarchy. Chalabi studied in America and taught at American University in Beirut, Lebanon.
In 1992, Chalabi co-formed the Iraqi National Congress to oust Hussein. For the next 12 years, Ahmad had an on-again, off-again relationship with American presidential administrators and intelligence agencies. By 2004, he had been cut off from all aid by the U.S.
I'm Jonathan Evans.

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词汇解析

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1.suicide bomber 自杀式袭击;人体炸弹

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Officials say a suicide bomber killed16 people in a cafe Thursday afternoon.
有关官员说,一名自杀炸弹杀手星期四下午在一家咖啡馆炸死16名平民g(C)V^EdkJy2&Kgc_

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2.lived in exile 流放;流亡

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He lived in exile in Syria for three months and then moved to Egypt, where he lived for three years.
在叙利亚,他度过了3个月的流放生活,之后去了埃及,在那里住了3年2z^f#o09tNj&oAU!

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3.heart failure 心力衰竭;心脏病

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Early in the course of heart failure, the response to treatment is usually dramatic.
早期心力衰竭疗效往往显著wM%K*t.(gJ6sB

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4.mass destruction 大规模杀伤性的

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Information Warfare is a low-budget,high-tech vehicle for mass destruction.
信息战争是低成本、高技术的大规模毁伤手段u[AJUYT#9m4-KDPr

内容解析

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1.Chalabi lived in exile until the end of the Saddam Hussein dictatorship. Officials said he died of heart failure.

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died of 死于(疾病过度悲伤等)

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She nearly died of fright at the sight of the escaped tiger.
她一看到出逃的老虎差点吓死了2-MM!|LQdaVFLq)C~z

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Some of them died of thirst in the desert.
他们中有些人在沙漠中渴死了E9;Nu1I=Edm

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2.He was friends with former Vice President Dick Cheney and many top Pentagon officials, according to the New York Times.

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according to 通过;按照;据...所说

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Everything went according to plan.
一切都是按照计划进行的fh)!,&sO.DqF5

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Both sides have to act according to the provisions of the agreement.
双方都应按照协议条款办事vHx%V_+SFoT4jdhGz

参考译文

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伊拉克前副总理艾哈迈德·沙拉离世
伊拉克政治家艾哈迈德·沙拉比在巴格达去世,享年71岁XpeVcHqb1QQ6n3
1998年美国国会议员和总统顾问提议入侵伊拉克并推翻萨达姆政府时,艾哈迈德·沙拉比发挥着不可磨灭的作用U&oM~|85Pbn@s#iZ
萨达姆独裁统治结束前,沙拉比一直流亡海外I-jUBJ&BgDHDFad。相关官员称,心脏病突发导致他突然离世yZ9v&c2;z#qj3
沙拉比对1998年美国国会通过的《解放伊拉克法案》有着重大的影响~L..lBJ9+Z。该法案的内容正如前任总统乔治·W·布什所说的那样,伊拉克的军事行动将为该地区带来民主与和平Ai8Lwz.bHv,Tw|0g
据纽约时报报道,沙拉比也是前任美国副总统迪克·切尼以及美国国防部里许多高级官员的朋友tisa%s07#TeXy
纽约时报在报道沙拉比的讣告时称,沙拉比曾表示萨达姆拥有大规模杀伤性武器dR*Z4mYf#adDG0NWw|。2008年他侥幸躲过了一次暗杀行动Y7Z7g^[[.NoZ!|MG1)lf。在那次暗杀行动中,他被一位自杀式袭击者当做目标vtd]D~N)XJN%oU20K。此后,沙拉比与激进什叶派领导人同时又是伊朗盟友的穆克塔达·萨德尔(Moktada al-Sadr)结为同盟0eg(=cBCdrXt19Wd1f-

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伊拉克政治家去世.jpg
2014年,他被列为总理候选人5RdSBBsCL+tU9KJ4
1944年,沙拉比出生于巴格达2G[sjjss=Fsaz|f80。1958年,他与家人流亡海外,同年伊拉克军队推翻了君主制JKh3caw&j|vnSx#IZ3!。沙拉比在美国留学期间还在黎巴嫩贝鲁特美国大学担任教授uXNX(4T4b@]
1992年,沙拉比组建了推翻萨达姆的伊拉克国民大会t9WFj9sD5Y~XbJm]M。接下来的12年里,沙拉比同美国总统行政要员以及情报机构建立了长久的联系,|!MUQQtU!。然而,2004年美国突然终止了所有援助MBGVe3=muyr
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • allyn. 同盟者,同盟国,伙伴 v. (使)结盟,(使)联合
  • candidaten. 候选人,求职者
  • dramaticadj. 戏剧性的,引人注目的,给人深刻印象的 dram
  • destructionn. 破坏,毁灭,破坏者
  • assassinationn. 暗杀
  • invadevt. 侵略,侵害,拥入
  • warfaren. 战争,冲突
  • responsen. 回答,响应,反应,答复 n. [宗]答复语,
  • massn. 块,大量,众多 adj. 群众的,大规模的 v.
  • politiciann. 政治家,政客