Report Shows Distrust and Division in Turkey
A new study of public opinion in Turkey shows deep divisions in how the Turkish people view their country and the world around them. This study comes as Turkey heads towards a parliamentary election on November 1.
The survey reports on two major issues: distrust of major powers outside of Turkey and fear for Turkey's economy in the future.
The Pew Research Center is an independent organization that studies social trends around the world. The center collected the opinions of the Turkish people as part of its Spring 2015 Global Attitudes survey. This survey gathered opinions between March and May 2015.
The results of the survey show that Turkish people have negative opinions of many foreign powers. Fifty-eight percent see the U.S. negatively and 64 percent see Russia the same way. Forty-nine percent see the European Union negatively. But, 55 percent still want Turkey to become a member of the EU.
Turkey is a member of NATO. However, 47 percent say that Turkey should not use military force to defend a NATO ally if Russia attacked the ally. In addition, only 38 percent support the U.S.-led effort to fight the Islamic State in Syria and Iraq.
Another important issue covered was the future of Turkey's economy. Fifty-two percent of Turks believe their children will face poor financial situations when they grow up. People also listed rising prices and lack of job opportunities among their top concerns.
Cenzig Aktar is political scientist with Suleyman Sah University in Istanbul. He says this will cause big problems for President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and his political party, AKP.
"When we recall that the AKP has got its past successes thanks to the state of the economy, this tells us quite a bit about the disappointment of the voters. So this is very worrisome for the AKP, I'm afraid."
The AKP lost its majority control of the Turkish parliament after an election on June 7. AKP and opposition groups have since failed to work together. As a result, President Erdogan called for new elections on November 1.
However, these elections may not be good for the president's party. Fifty-one percent of Turks have a negative opinion of him. Forty-nine percent are unhappy with how the current government is working as well.
I'm Jonathan Evans.
1.parliamentary election 议会选举；国会选举
That party lost 15 seats in the parliamentary election.
2.major powers 大国势力；强权势力
Command of the peace-keeping operations is either directly controlled by the UN general secretary, or approved by the Security Council and authorized by the general secretary to some regional organizations or major powers.
Despite his disappointment, he managed a smile.
尽管他很失望, 还是强颜为笑 。
She thought about the whole worrisome affair with confused unhappiness for a few days.
1.The results of the survey show that Turkish people have negative opinions of many foreign powers. Fifty-eight percent see the U.S. negatively and 64 percent see Russia the same way. Forty-nine percent see the European Union negatively. But, 55 percent still want Turkey to become a member of the EU.
a member of 成员之一；...的一员
Our teacher is a member of the Chinese Communist Party.
I feel that what you'd really like to be a member of Parliament.
2.Turkey is a member of NATO. However, 47 percent say that Turkey should not use military force to defend a NATO ally if Russia attacked the ally. In addition, only 38 percent support the U.S.-led effort to fight the Islamic State in Syria and Iraq.
military force 军事力量；武装力量
The key to respect in the region is economic power rather than mere military force.
Since their occupation of Wuhan, they have come to realize that military force alone cannot subjugate China and have therefore resorted to political offensives and economic blandishments.
一份有关土耳其民意的最新调查显示，土耳其人对自己的国家以及周边国家的看法存在严重分歧 。之所以进行该调查是因为土耳其即将于11月1号举行议会选举 。
皮尤研究中心是一个研究全球社会趋势的独立组织 。该中心将收集起来的土耳其人民的观点作为2015年春季全球态度报告的一部分 。该项收集民意的调查在2015年三月至五月期间进行 。
调查结果显示，土耳其人民对很多外国强权势力都持有负面评论 。58%的土耳其人对美国持有负面看法，而64%的人对俄罗斯的看法亦是如此 。49%的人对欧盟也抱有负面的观点 。此外，仍有55%的人希望土耳其成为欧盟成员国 。
土耳其是北大西洋公约组织（NATO）成员国 。然而47%的土耳其人表示，如果俄罗斯进攻同盟国，土耳其不应当使用武力捍卫NATO 。此外，只有38%的人支持以美国为首的国家在叙利亚和伊拉克反抗“伊斯兰国”的做法 。
该民意调查涉及的另外一个问题是土耳其经济的未来 。52%的土耳其人都认为孩子长大后将赶上不景气的金融形势 。此外，人们最担心的还包括不断上涨的物价以及工作机会的缺乏等问题 。
Cengiz Aktar是伊斯坦布尔Suleyman Sah大学政治学教授 。他表示这会为总统埃尔多安及其正义与发展党（AKP）带来很多困扰 。
我们可以回想一下当初正义与发展党（AKP）因其声称改变经济现状而赢得大选，这就意味着选民的愿望落空了 。恐怕这对于正义与发展党（AKP）来说，是个棘手的问题 。
6月7号的选举过后，AKP失去了土耳其议会的大多数席位 。自此，AKP与反对派团体便不再能共同合作 。因此，总统埃尔多安呼吁于11月1号进行一次新的选举 。
然而，这些选举可能对总统的党派产生不利的影响 。51%的土耳其人不喜欢现任总统 。而49%的人对现任政府的工作结果也并不满意 。