VOA慢速(翻译+字幕+讲解):习近平会见美国总统和科技巨头
日期:2015-09-27 08:17

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Chinese President Xi Jinping is on his first state visit to the United States.

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The Chinese leader spent his first two days meeting with the leaders of America's largest technology companies. They include Amazon, Apple and Microsoft. Mr. Xi said he wants to improve intellectual property rights, such as patents for inventions and industrial designs.

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Property rights have been a tense issue between China and the U.S. China has been accused of copying American products without credit or fee to the American makers.

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Mr. Xi also said he wants to make it easier for foreign companies to do business in China.

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"We are working to create a new open economic system, push forward reform of foreign investment management, and greatly reduce the restrictions on foreign investment," he said.

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Mr. Xi visited the headquarters of Microsoft Corporation and a nearby Boeing factory in Seattle. Chinese companies have agreed to buy 300 jets from the U.S. airplane maker. The aircraft reportedly cost about $38 billion. The deal also calls for Boeing to build a factory in China.

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U.S. business leaders want Mr. Xi to promise that their companies will be treated fairly when they do business in China. They want China to reduce the theft of business secrets from American computer networks, too. Those cyberattacks have cost companies billions of dollars in recent years.

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Cyberattacks on U.S. government computers

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In a policy speech Tuesday, President Xi said China wanted to cooperate with the United States to prevent cyberattacks. He said China is not the aggressor, and was attacked, as well.

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But many American officials do not believe that. President Obama has said he is considering taking action against China because of the attacks.

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This week, a U.S. government agency released its inquiry of an attack on the personnel records of millions of government workers. The Office of Personnel Management found that more than 5.5 million fingerprint records were stolen in the cyberattack. That is more than five times as many as officials first reported.

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The attack was discovered earlier this year. It affected about 22-million federal workers, applicants, and their families.

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Investigators have told reporters privately they believe the Chinese government is responsible for the attack. But U.S. officials have not yet made this accusation public.

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Federal experts say that, "as of now, the ability to misuse fingerprint data is limited. However, this probability could change over time as technology evolves."

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The attack could put at risk any U.S. intelligence officers or individuals working secretly overseas.

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American businesswoman detained

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President Xi's visit comes only days after Chinese officials arrested and jailed an American businesswoman from Texas. Chinese officials say the woman -- Sandy Phan-Gillis -- is suspected of spying and stealing state secrets.

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Ms. Phan-Gillis operates a service that helps set up business deals between U.S. and Chinese companies. Chinese officials detained her when she was on a trip to China in March.

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Her husband, Jeff Gillis, says it has been difficult to get information about her. Ms. Phan-Gillis sent a message to her husband this week that said: "This is a political case. I hope you can lobby for an exchange of political prisoners. I know it's not easy."

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Mr. Gillis has publicly asked President Obama to bring up the case with Mr. Xi.

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State Department official Mark Toner says U.S. officials have talked about the case with the Chinese government.

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He says "we, obviously, are monitoring this case very closely. We've been to visit her six times since her arrest, and we've raised her case with Chinese government officials on multiple occasions at a very senior level."

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The arrest of Sandy Phan-Gillis shocked the Vietnamese and Chinese communities in Houston, Texas. Although Ms. Phan-Gillis has Chinese ancestors, she was born in Vietnam and came to the U.S. as a refugee 40 years ago.

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Over the years, many Texas businesses have developed relationships with Chinese companies. But the arrest of Sandy Phan-Gillis has made some of them feel uneasy now.

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I'm Christopher Jones-Cruise.

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词汇学习

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1.restriction n.限制,限定

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The 30 mph speed restriction applies in all built - up areas.
每小时限速30英里适用于所有建筑物聚集区hFDX~iloR20.

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2.cyberattack n.网络攻击;计算机攻击

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3.affect vt.影响

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They will affect generations of Britons still unborn.
他们将会影响还未出世的好几代英国人y2kZrB@|1u@)L8GS!~

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4.misuse vt.使用…不当;派作不正当的用途;滥用

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The new law toughens up penalties for those that misuse guns.
新法对滥用枪支的处罚更为严厉njN4C)r0[A0T)a-OCwx

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5.evolve vi.发展,进化

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With the power of advanced technique, we evolve and refine principle.
我们用先进技术的力量改进和发展原则x@hmuo#37J_t#F

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6.lobby vt.对…进行游说

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The union has attacked the plan and threatened to lobby against it.
工会不但攻击该计划,而且还扬言要游说议员反对它muZvlgE=6P)U9l

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7.multiple adj.多重的;多个的

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The government performed competently in the face of multiple challenges.
面临多种挑战,政府表现得非常出色HT)Y=j4Zm0p

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内容解析

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1.We are working to create a new open economic system, push forward reform of foreign investment management, and greatly reduce the restrictions on foreign investment.

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push forward挺进

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We are continuing to push the business forward.
我们正在继续推进业务的发展D9U[u6P~r^k

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2.But many American officials do not believe that. President Obama has said he is considering taking action against China because of the attacks.

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take action采取行动

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The committee indicated that it might take action.
委员会表示可能采取行动][cL,ySG8Ik3@

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3.Federal experts say that, "as of now, the ability to misuse fingerprint data is limited. However, this probability could change over time as technology evolves."

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as of截至;自…起

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The border, effectively closed since 1981, will be opened as of January the 1st.
实质上从1981年就已关闭的边境将于1月1日开放!6x7j[f-!K1xq

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4.Mr. Gillis has publicly asked President Obama to bring up the case with Mr. Xi.

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bring up提出;谈到

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Instead of staying in the here and now, you bring up similar instances from the past.
你没有紧扣眼前所发生的事,而是只提出了一些过去的类似事例jLNaB~WAev|l+

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参考翻译

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中国国家主席习近平正在对美国进行首次国事访问oWF6!+c2#s|L

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这位中国国家主席最初两天会见了美国最大的科技公司的领导人,包括亚马逊、苹果和微软公司|.jni^]tnR6X^AU8u]v7。习主席表示他希望保护知识产权方面有所改善,比如发明专利和外观设计B(qO[a|&V)@U07

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产权一直是造成中美关系紧张的一个问题-,mhPr=B@PIcH+j-v9l.。中国被指责未经美国公司许可或向美国制造商付费而复制美国的产品v=%8^N@=TV)R,8np3Z9S

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习主席还表示,他希望外国公司在中国开展业务更加容易lfiEaNMvML~Iv

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“我们正在努力构建全新而开放的经济体制,推进外商投资管理体制改革,大幅减少对外国投资的限制u.PpSreqpmOPotX|R,c。”

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习主席参观了微软公司总部以及附近的波音公司西雅图工厂DmD7R6RyO4l,3]nVjC3。中国公司已经同意从波音公司购买300架喷气式飞机,据报道这些飞机价值380亿美元YRd31].S[bIuy3A。该协议还要求波音公司在中国设立工厂99EWc~UfR,

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美国商界领导人希望习主席承诺美国公司在中国开展业务时得到平等对待]A+zeLNhLFhkvt#Z!^g。他们还希望中国减少从美国计算机网络窃取商业秘密-prQB8rRZpIQZC7-4Tb。近年来,网络攻击造成各个公司损失数十亿美元ft[KWTqDFHrz&T7o

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美国政府电脑遭遇网络攻击

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在周二发表的政策讲话中,习主席表示,中国希望同美国合作防范网络攻击x=GXDdD=kx.-JO0_ET。他说,中国不是入侵者,中国也遭受了网络攻击e19TIA0u0fS[NOwq

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但是许多美国官员并不相信K%4%h4Y!R*U。奥巴马总统曾表示,因为这些攻击,他正在考虑对中国采取行动HpqIy17(aB;

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本周,美国一家机构发布了对一场针对政府工作人员人事档案的网络攻击的调查a*+Ykk&^5[Qm+。人事管理办公室发现,超过550万条指纹记录在这场攻击中被盗,比有关官员首次报告的数量高出5倍4LiYX~55pC6vrf

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这场攻击是在今年早些时候被发现的pF;cyVxTIjXy).rk4_D。它影响到了大约2200万联邦工作人员、申请者及其家人Qk&UJpZ=Q=@=AZ9)BG

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调查人员私下对记者表示,他们认为中国政府应该对这次攻击负责.ZmxPmZ[pSu9pO-.。但是美国官员并未公开指控jZ0[V]&bQ-2

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联邦专家表示,“目前为止,滥用指纹数据的能力是有限的BK8h&F*9lXy。然而,随着技术的发展,这种可能性会发生改变8GiWBi[V,.LT[y%Ht&P%。”

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这次袭击可能会让美国情报人员或在海外秘密工作的个人陷入危险之中X3ji)rDN~xUmPx

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美国女商人被拘留

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习主席来访之前几天,中国官员逮捕并拘留了一位德克萨斯州女商人(nz&m2FdzqU@cqNJ4P。中国官员表示,Sandy Phan-Gillis涉嫌从事间谍活动和窃取国家机密lEaY9[c#d!g]PDrC~s

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Phan-Gillis女士开展服务帮助中国和美国的公司之间建立商业交易+!oNKB+d1|@@in+;v#0e。她3月份前往中国时被捕]v(G(f.OI|Hpkb[W64W3

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她的丈夫Jeff Gillis表示很难得到关于她的消息FlayiGirVfi75Z-kYJ@。Phan-Gillis女士本周给她丈夫发短信说,“这是一起政治案件,我希望你能游说交换政治囚犯89|j,Sp3vr([M,p^F。我知道这并不容易dgXwm@bh3[!^M(+。”

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吉利斯先生已经公开要求奥巴马向习主席提及这起案件9_hx-MZ#Ds!#dnrq

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国务院官员Mark Toner表示,美国官员已经同中国政府谈及了这起案件5X~*(;[ZZVsOP]W

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他说,“我们正在密切关注该案件90CV)lfh4,vqpW%。自她被捕之后我们进行了六次探访,并且在多个高层场合向中国政府官员提起了这起案件zKhoI85n#w]znN。”

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Sandy Phan-Gillis的被捕震惊了德克萨斯州休斯敦市的越南社区和中国社区wXz8MVn%Ylg6L_)=szdQ。虽然Sandy Phan-Gillis女士祖籍中国,但她出生在越南,并且在40年前以难民身份来到美国lUl57cDuZA~D[(7Lb]qx

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多年来,许多德克萨斯企业同中国公司建立了关系v,1l-sV9.Tt。但是Sandy Phan-Gillis的被捕现在已经让其中一些人感觉不安-x!7]b&s]pi~w%]na

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我是Christopher Jones-CruisevGov!jYDrXcUx

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重点单词
  • creditn. 信用,荣誉,贷款,学分,赞扬,赊欠,贷方 (复)c
  • exchangen. 交换,兑换,交易所 v. 交换,兑换,交易
  • misusevt. & n. 误用,滥用
  • advancedadj. 高级的,先进的
  • bordern. 边界,边境,边缘 vt. 与 ... 接壤,加边于
  • accusationn. 控告,指控,非难
  • restrictionn. 限制,约束
  • evolvev. 进展,进化,展开
  • intelligencen. 理解力,智力 n. 情报,情报工作,情报机关
  • arrestvt. 逮捕,拘留 n. 逮捕,拘留 vt. 阻止