Honeybees Are Disappearing, No One Knows Why
Entomologists -- scientists who study insects -- are working with other scientists to learn why bee colonies are dying in the United States. They call the problem "colony collapse disorder."
VOA recently spoke with amateur beekeepers in Fort Wayne, Indiana who are working to learn about honeybees and how to keep them alive.
Bees are needed to produce one third of our food. That is why Megan Ryan is worried about their survival. Earlier this year, she created an apiary, a place where groups, or hives, of honeybees are kept.
"Our hives are full of what's called Italian honeybees."
Italian bees are popular because they are not as aggressive as other kinds of bees. And they reproduce faster than other kinds of honeybees. In just four months, the apiary has grown from 10,000 to 70,000 bees in each hive.
Alex Cornwell is also a beekeeper. He says over the past ten years, both American and European hives have lost more than one fourth of their population.
"It's unknown what colony collapse disorder is caused by specifically, but it could be a combination of anywhere from pesticides to mites to pathogens."
Every time they visit the apiary, Ms. Ryan and Mr. Cornwell record information about the bees.
"We would share it with the DNR (Department of Natural Resources), other beekeepers -- any conservation effort, any organization that would like our records we freely share those."
They also teach people about beekeeping. They want people to begin their own hives.
"You don't have to be a scientist that has a degree in order to teach people and help people learn about bees and that's the awesome part about beekeeping -- anybody can do it."
About 100 people have said they want to learn more about creating their own hives. Ms. Ryan and Mr. Cornwell say they will start a program to teach migrant workers about beekeeping so they can take that knowledge with them wherever they work.
The solution is for entomologists and plant breeders to develop a dynamic program of collection and evaluation of germplasm.
2.colony collapse disorder n.蜂群崩溃综合症
Some 24 American states have now reported cases of colony collapse disorder.
3.speak with 和…商量；和…谈话；采访
She could not speak with anyone, and she had no desire to laugh. She sat there, looking only at her work.
4.a combination of 结合；综合
There is definitely a combination of art and science that I never appreciated until having to do it.
1.Entomologists -- scientists who study insects -- are working with other scientists to learn why bee colonies are dying in the United States. They call the problem "colony collapse disorder."
work with 与…共事；对……有效；对…产生影响
For the sake of convenience we shall work with the space.
At the same time, industrial designers work with engineers to finalize components and assembly.
2.VOA recently spoke with amateur beekeepers in Fort Wayne, Indiana who are working to learn about honeybees and how to keep them alive.
keep alive 保持生机；使……活着；注意；提防
As long as he managed to keep alive, why think of anything else?
Scientists are trying to learn how animals know that they must move to keep alive.
昆虫学家——研究昆虫的科学家们——与其他科学家合作研究为什么美国的蜂巢在慢慢消失 。他们将这一现象称之为“蜂群崩溃综合症” 。
我们食物的三分之一是靠蜜蜂来生产的 。这就是为什么梅甘瑞安为蜜蜂的生存问题而担忧不已 。今年早些时候，她经营了一个养蜂场，供群居的蜜蜂建巢而居 。
意大利蜜蜂之所以大受青睐，是因为它们并不像其他种类的蜜蜂一样好斗 。而且他们比其他种类的蜜蜂繁殖更快 。在短短的四个月，每个蜂巢里蜜蜂的数量都从10000飞速增长到70000 。
他们也教别人养蜂 。希望别人开始经营自己的蜂巢 。
已经有约100个人表示他们想了解更多关于建造自己的蜂巢的知识 。瑞安女士和康韦尔先生说他们将启动一个项目来向打工人员传授养蜂技能，这样他们可以用学到的知识在任何地方工作 。