From VOA Learning English, this is In The News.
The Obama administration has established a federal task force to examine policing policies. The group will investigate the use of force in detaining suspects. The administration's move follows demonstrations in cities across the United States.
Demonstrators have been protesting two recent grand jury rulings. In Missouri, a grand jury decided last week not to charge a white police officer in the shooting death of an unarmed African-American teenager. This week, jurors in New York decided not to indict another white officer in the death of an unarmed African-American man.
How a grand jury works is a mystery to most Americans. A grand jury is a group of private citizens. Their job is to decide whether to approve criminal charges.
Unlike trial juries, grand juries only hear evidence presented by a government lawyer. Charges are brought if the jury decides there is "probable cause" that the crime took place, and that a person or persons may have been responsible.
On Wednesday, protesters gathered in the New York City neighborhood where Eric Garner died of a heart attack. He collapsed after police arrested him on suspicion of selling cigarettes illegally.
A widely seen video of the arrest shows police officer Daniel Pantaleo putting Eric Garner in a chokehold, an action banned by the police department. New York's medical examiner has ruled the death a homicide; in other words, the killing of one person by another.
"You've got to be kidding me. They didn't indict him? Why, where's the justice at?"
The U.S. Justice Department says it will investigage whether Eric Garner's civil rights were violated when the police officer put him in a chokehold. In Washington, Attorney General Eric Holder spoke to reporters.
"Mr. Garner's death is one of several recent incidents across our great country that have tested the sense of trust that must exist between law enforcement and the communities they are charged to serve and to protect."
There have been several cases of deadly incidents involving police and African-Americans this year. The killing of 18-year-old Michael Brown last August fueled racial tensions. Police officer Darren Wilson said he feared for his life after Brown attempted to take his gun.
Last month, an Ohio police officer shot and killed a 12-year-old African-American boy. The shooting took place less than two seconds afterthe police car pulled up to the boy. He was carrying an unloaded pellet gun -- a device also known as an air gun. To date, no charges have been brought against the officer.
On Monday, President Barack Obama met with civil rights leaders, law enforcement officials and others. Mr. Obama said he will push for reforms in city police departments because of the high rates of police shootings involving African-Americans.
"The frustrations that we've seen are not just about a particular incident. They have deep roots in many communities of color, who have a sense that our laws are not always being enforced uniformly or fairly."
Civil rights leaders like Al Sharpton have criticized police for having an aggressive way of thinking towards young African-Americans and other minorities.
"What I'm afraid of is that there will not be indictments of police officers for killing unarmed people. That is what I am afraid of. I think we are so busy promoting the reaction to injustice that we are not reacting to injustice."
The mayor of New York announced on Thursday that police officers will attend three days of training in an effort to reduce unnecessary use of force. He said the move shows all New Yorkers that they will be treated equally.
And that's In The News from VOA Learning English. I'm Anne Ball.
1.establish vt. 建立，创建
He is planning to establish a home.
2.indict vt. [法]控告，起诉
The grand jury indicts or refuses to indict accused persons.
3.responsible adj. 尽责的；承担责任；负有责任的
I feel partly responsible for the problems we're in.
The result will inevitably fuel speculation about the Prime Minister's future...
5.enforce vt. 强迫服从；实施，执行
Game wardens were appointed to enforce hunting laws in New Hampshire.
6.unnecessary adj. 不必要的，多余的
They will be concerned to cut back expenditure on unnecessary items.
1.He collapsed after police arrested him on suspicion of selling cigarettes illegally.
on suspicion of有嫌疑
He was arrested on suspicion of driving under the influence of alcohol.
2.Police officer Darren Wilson said he feared for his life after Brown attempted to take his gun.
These feelings are likely to make people attempt to overthrow the system.
3.The shooting took place less than two seconds after the police car pulled up to the boy.
The cab pulled up and the driver jumped out.
奥巴马政府成立了联邦任务小组，对警务政策进行审查。该小组将调查拘捕嫌疑人时的武力使用情况 。政府的这一举动是在美国各地城市举行示威之后 。
示威者们抗议最近两个大陪审团作出的裁决。上周，密苏里州一个大陪审团决定不起诉开枪打死了手无寸铁的非裔美国青少年一名白人警察 。本周，纽约的陪审员决定不起诉造成一位手无寸铁的非裔美国男子死亡的另一名白人警察 。
对大多数美国人来说，大陪审团的运作程序是一个谜。大陪审团是由公民个人组成的团体 。他们的职责是决定是否批准刑事控罪 。
周三，示威者聚集在埃里克·加纳(Eric Garner)心脏病发身亡的纽约市一处街区。警察怀疑他非法销售香烟而对他实施抓捕时嫌疑人倒地身亡 。
一段广为流传的逮捕视频显示，警察丹尼尔·潘塔莱奥(Daniel Pantaleo)勒住了加纳的脖子，而警方已经禁止了这种动作。纽约法医裁定这次死亡是一起谋杀案 。换言之就是一人被另一人杀害 。
美国司法部表示，他们会调查当警察勒住埃里克·加纳(Eric Garner)的脖子时，他的公民权利是否受到了侵犯。美国司法部长埃里克·霍尔德(Eric Holder)在华盛顿向记者发表了讲话 。
今年已经发生了数起涉及警察和非裔美国人的死亡案例。今年8月，迈克尔·布朗(Michael Brown)之死使得种族紧张关系火上浇油 。警察达伦·威尔逊(Darren Wilson)表示，在布朗试图夺他的枪之后，他感到自己的生命受到威胁 。
上月，俄亥俄州一位警察开枪打死了一名12岁的非裔男孩。警车在这个男孩面前停下不到两秒就发生了这一枪击事件 。这个男孩携带了一把没装子弹的粒丸枪，也被称为气枪 。截至目前这位警察都未被提起任何控告 。
以上就是本期美国之音慢速英语时事新闻的全部内容。我是Anne Ball 。