VOA常速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):意大利制造第一台太空咖啡机
日期:2014-11-29 13:00

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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WASHINGTON— Italian-style espresso coffee has devotees around the world, with a growing number of people abandoning a regular cup of coffee for the thicker brew. Now, Italian coffee machine makers are working to create a device that will be able to produce espresso in weightless conditions on the International Space Station.

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Many people cannot imagine life without coffee, and for most Italians, coffee means espresso, a thick brew prepared in a special coffee machine.

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So, when Italian astronaut Samantha Cristoforetti headed for the International Space Station earlier this month, her compatriots worried how she would survive there for six months, drinking only instant coffee.

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"I believe that when working as an astronaut, a job in which you have to reason a lot, reflect, and be attentive, espresso is definitely very important," said one Italian.

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To help Cristoforetti and other espresso lovers in orbit, the famed Turin-based coffee maker Lavazza and engineering firm Argotec, which specializes in making space food, joined forces to produce a coffee machine that would work at zero gravity.

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"We had to figure out how to make coffee on the station exactly like we make it on earth. The other difficulty was complying with safety measures in order to qualify the machine as 'On-Board software' on the International Space Station," said Alberto Cabilli, R&D manager for Lavazza.

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The machine, called ISSpresso, overcomes the absence of gravity by firing pressurized water through capsules of coffee. Cristoforetti took it with her for testing when she blasted off into orbit on November 23.

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"The concept of this machine was for an experiment, so we started as a technology demonstration experiment, but NASA was very much interested in getting this machine and keeping it on the station most likely for a long time, not just to make a few coffees. So this means that most likely, if everything goes well, after this technology demonstration the machine will be kept at the International Space Station and be available for all the astronauts rotating on the station," said David Avino, Argotec’s managing director.

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Italians consider themselves great connoisseurs of coffee, perhaps with good reason.

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"We are very proud, not only as Italians but also as residents of Turin - the first espresso machine was created in Turin in 1884, so about 130 years ago. And today in 2014, another two Turin-based realities - Lavazza and Argotec - developed a machine that will bring espresso - not only across the world, but even in space," said Marcello Arcangeli, the head of Lavazza’s training center network.

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Besides espresso, the ISSpresso machine is capable of preparing tea and clear soup.

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词汇解释

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1.brew vt. 酿造;酝酿 vi. 酿酒;被冲泡;即将发生 n. 啤酒;质地

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She swallowed a mouthful of the hot strong brew, and wiped her eyes.
她咽下一大口热浓茶,然后擦了擦眼睛nj3*.Gl|*L!

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2.connoisseur n. 鉴赏家;内行

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Sarah tells me you're something of an art connoisseur.
萨拉告诉我你可以说是一位艺术鉴赏家ohn%&-YZ++G(+Q*uj

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3.orbit n. 轨道;眼眶;势力范围;生活常规 vi. 盘旋;绕轨道运行 vt. 绕…轨道而行

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Mars and Earth have orbits which change with time.
火星和地球的轨道随着时间而发生改变eGSBFxhVQ@Or5

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内容解析

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1.Cristoforetti took it with her for testing when she blasted off into orbit on November 23.

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blast off 点火起飞;发射升空(等于blast-off)

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Columbia is set to blast off at 1:20 a.m. Eastern Time tomorrow.
哥伦比亚号定于东部时间明晨1:20点火起飞BkI9A;riC!^

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The rocket is due to blast off at three o'clock.
火箭预计3点钟发射升空l^A63s8s6]

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参考译文

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很多人不能想象没有咖啡的生活,对大多数意大利人来说,咖啡就是浓缩咖啡,一种用特制咖啡机做成的浓咖啡%S]-+k6R!kwF8q4

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所以当意大利宇航员克里斯托弗雷蒂本月早些时候前往国际太空站时,她的同胞们很担心她如何能在那里生活6个月,而只能喝速溶咖啡8#Rb^T;I9kT

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“我认为作为宇航员是要经常推理、反思、非常专注,所以浓缩咖啡对他们来说很重要qGS,yHXJv-C。”

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为了帮助克里斯托弗雷蒂和其他将去太空站的浓缩咖啡爱好者,总部设在都灵的著名咖啡制造商拉瓦扎和专于制造太空食品的工程公司Argotec联手研制了能在零重力下使用的咖啡机BQ.Ar6U#Z*[#LuWz&0

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“我们要弄明白如何像在地球上那样在太空站制作咖啡,另一个困难是要遵守安全准则,以便让机器能够在国际太空站具备‘机载软件’的品质[&aZgXLgU)]c@4a!s5k。”

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这台机器名叫ISSpresso,能克服失重状态,将高压水射入装咖啡的小盒,11月23日克里斯托弗雷蒂在被发射进入轨道时就带着这台机器进行测试c#bd*pMQXZy|#_

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“这台机器的理念是一种实验,就像我们做的技术展示实验那样,但美国航天局长期以来就对将这台机器放在太空站很感兴趣,不仅仅想用它来做咖啡6Tv7~pVtODOY]10HBx;X。所以这意味着如果一切顺利的话,在技术展示过后,这台机器很可能保留在国际太空站,那样太空站周围的所有宇航员都能用到这台机器dTLelDzi4mmyji^je。”

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意大利人自认为对咖啡很有鉴赏力,可能也是名副其实的Pm*x5+.4Ig.cd(x.QXg

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“我们骄傲自己不仅是意大利人,还是都灵居民,第一台浓缩咖啡机是1884年在都灵制造出来的,就是大约130多年前.AKlbI;hd(^21Ad#c%T。如今2014年,都灵的另外两家制造商拉瓦扎和Argotec开发这台不仅能在全世界,甚至还能在太空制造浓缩咖啡的机器.!RxJZ;k8H。”马塞洛·阿克安格尼是拉瓦扎培训中心网络负责人&D@a_#3kC;nJB%t1rS=f

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除了制作浓缩咖啡外,这台ISSpresso机器还能制作茶和清汤Olw+IR85o@oI~&k)EAXm

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重点单词
  • availableadj. 可用的,可得到的,有用的,有效的
  • attentiveadj. 注意的,留意的
  • gravityn. 重力,严重,庄重,严肃
  • capableadj. 有能力的,足以胜任的,有 ... 倾向的
  • directorn. 董事,经理,主管,指导者,导演
  • reflectv. 反映,反射,归咎
  • devicen. 装置,设计,策略,设备
  • conceptn. 概念,观念
  • demonstrationn. 示范,实证,表达,集会
  • connoisseurn. 鉴识家,鉴定家,内行