VOA常速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):实时监控埃博拉爆发的程序
日期:2014-11-24 09:10

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Knowing where the Ebola hot spots are in a country is crucial to getting an outbreak quickly under control. Many have criticized the initial slow response to the West Africa outbreak, saying it’s a big reason the virus quickly spread. Now, a German research center is developing a project to monitor Ebola and other outbreaks in real time.

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Professor Gérard Krause said the new project – called EBOKON – uses real-time monitoring to better manage an outbreak.

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“At the moment we don’t have treatments available and we don’t have vaccines available," he said. "And even if we did we would still need rapid follow-up of every new case that is occurring in order to guide this new patient to proper isolation and treatment.”

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Even more important, he said, is finding all those who came in contact with the patient – a process called contract tracing.

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“Capture every contact person and to follow-up this contact person for 21 days and to see that they don’t develop fever. If you have a number of cases it can be very, very complex, very rapidly – and will rapidly overwhelm the staff in the field. So for that reason we are trying to build a management tool that will facilitate this task,” he said.

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Krause is head of the Department of Epidemiology at the Helmholtz Center for Infection Research – and EBOKON project leader for the German Center for Infection Research.

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He said, “This is an information technology tool that we are developing together with colleagues from Nigeria that will take care of all those management aspects.”

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The EBOKON project calls for setting up a command center, so to speak, in the capital of affected countries. Then health workers would use cellphones to relay in real time information on suspected cases around the country.

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“From the first entry of a rumor entering the public health service, they would send someone to verify the case. And when this case is verified there would be diagnostic initiated. When the diagnostic is confirmed there will be contact persons followed up for 21 days. If they develop fever, they will then again be treated as suspect people. And so it gets very complicated very fast. We need a management tool that takes care of that,” Krause said.

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The health workers would be contacted by cellphone with instructions on how to handle their situation.

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“The emergency operations center in the center of the city will have a full overview of what’s happening – and can also redirect the resources accordingly. At the moment we are working in Nigeria on this for the simple reason that they have successfully gone through the experience in containing the outbreak and this is very valuable experience. And should it become successful there it will, of course, be applicable generally to any other country,” he said.

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The Nigerian EBOKON project is taking place in Lagos and Port Harcourt. Qualified personnel are being borrowed from other groups to help test the system. Some 500 cellphones will be distributed. The German Ministry of Education and Research is providing $3 million to fund the project.

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In all, 10 EBOKON projects are on the drawing board for the next 14 months. Besides Ebola, they’ll manage the latest information on vaccine research and analysis of the infection process.

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文本来自51voa,译文属可可原创,仅供学习交流使用,未经许可请勿转载,_4c[j+cNcnO(!PjDh8E

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词汇解释

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1.real-time adj. 实时的;接到指示立即执行的

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To make the training realistic the simulation operates in real time.
为使训练真实,模拟是实时运行的OcVf=(G&4kQT#AY1_8q

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2.epidemiology n. 流行病学;传染病学

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They report the finding in the latest issue of the journal Epidemiology.
他们将此发现发布在了最近一期的流行病学杂志上3uY1)D]Z3@[n_Ei

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3.applicable adj. 可适用的;可应用的;合适的

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What is a reasonable standard for one family is not applicable for another.
对一个家庭合理的标准对于另一个家庭并不适用)1X+@[&L+PD2@2

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内容解析

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1.In all, 10 EBOKON projects are on the drawing board for the next 14 months.

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on the drawing board 处于设计阶段

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Other new casinos are on the drawing board, too.
其他的新娱乐城也正在酝酿筹划之中tGuW@EC1,]

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New products languish on the drawing board.
新产品在计划阶段即告失败0jXnr,bLuFI@m~

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参考译文

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知道一个国家的埃博拉热点在哪里,对于快速遏制这种疾病来说至关重要~e!F6z(Uyw(_7。很多人都批评西非国家最初对这场疫情反应较慢,称这是导致埃博拉快速蔓延的一大原因,现在,德国研究中心开发出一个能实时检测埃博拉等疫情的项目&avtvgs*@HygMO

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杰拉德·克劳斯教授说这个名为EBOKON的新项目使用实时检测仪器来更好地控制疫情=zGww&YF._85AJ

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“目前我们并没有有效疗法和疫苗,即使有这些东西,我们仍需要快速跟踪每个新病例,这样就能直到新患者进行适当的隔离和治疗QtaHvM7Hw&@x~Z。”

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他说更重要的是找到所有与患者接触过的人,这个过程叫做“接触追踪”n-b1RFFtcFBK&gm*mBe

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“找到每个有过接触的人,对感染者进行21天的追踪,看他们是否会发烧DPJr_4V8OlsG+Xz.rB。如果出现大量病例,那情况就会便得非常复杂,令医疗人员措手不及gEb^3Ji8t-VN,)S!&。所以我们努力开发能帮助这一过程的管理工具*8.L=6O))TaX2V)E。”

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克劳斯是亥姆霍兹感染研究中心流行病部门负责人,也是德国传染研究中心的EBOKON项目负责人xSy[[vXAQ=aDJ[

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“这是一种信息技术工具,是我们和尼日利亚的同行们一起开发的,他们将负责各方面的的管理事务i-+gn%ZJx1iFvxE;d~。”

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这个EBOKON要求设置一个指挥中心,也就是说感染国家的首都0qy)8VIafD,D_GBD;chd。然后医疗工作者使用手机来将全国范围的感染病例信息实时接力转告n^q_bi_Wj~S)9k

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“一旦有感染消息进入公共医疗机构,他们就会派人来核实消息,一旦确认属实,那就会进行诊断,一旦诊断完成,就会对感染者进行21天的追踪Cs[0IA-lg.cz(#。如果他们发烧,就会再次被当作疑似患者进行治疗^)t^LTnyKMrHHCiVkt。所以这就使得非常复杂的程序变得快速,我们需要能做到这些的管理工具DRiK6G6##Sx+。”

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医疗工作者将通过手机保持联系,并得到如何处理情况的指令mDu.p8i3NC5GMd4_

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“这个城市的紧急操控中心将全面掌控局面,能根据情况再次指挥资源分配k,CQ~B%g[1ClS。同时我们目前在尼日利亚对此进行研究的一个简单原因就是,他们已经在遏制爆发上获得了成功经验,这是非常宝贵的经验#@Y1L1|~[!l_w|%t。一旦该项目成功,当然会在其他国家得到推广使用eVojbkau-7KFzhm0jh。”

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尼日利亚的EBOKON项目目前也在拉各斯和哈科特港进行试验,其他组织的资质人员也被派来帮助测试该系统,未来还将分配500部手机anQ0MI+rd|Ys)5nSBs。德国教育和研究部给该项目提供了300万美元资金.Z=atGJe]0gEn

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未来14个月将设计10个EBOKON项目,除了埃博拉,这些项目还将管理疫苗研究最新信息和对感染过程的分析|1]G.xQ83&P!&OH

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重点单词
  • fevern. 发烧,发热,狂热 v. (使)发烧,(使)狂热
  • availableadj. 可用的,可得到的,有用的,有效的
  • affectedadj. 受影响的,受感动的,受疾病侵袭的 adj. 做
  • complexadj. 复杂的,复合的,合成的 n. 复合体,综合体,
  • verifyvt. 查证,核实
  • issuen. 发行物,期刊号,争论点 vi. & vt 发行,流
  • vaccinen. 疫苗
  • analysisn. 分析,解析
  • capturevt. 捕获,俘获,夺取,占领,迷住,(用照片等)留存
  • redirectadj. 再直接的 v. 重新传入,重新寄送