VOA常速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):在美国学习的国际学生
日期:2014-11-19 12:43

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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WASHINGTON— Close to 900,000 international students are studying at American universities and colleges, more than ever before. About half of them come from Asia, mostly China. The United States hosts more foreign students than any other country in the world, and its foreign student population is steadily growing.

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A new report from the Institute of International Education says that in the academic year 2013-2014, more than 886,000 foreign students enrolled in U.S. higher education institutions, an increase of 8 percent over the year before. There are now twice as many international students in the U.S. than only a decade ago. That trend is driven to a large extent by incoming undergraduate students from China.

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"In the U.S. they emphasize class discussions, and your opinion, and the capacity to debate with others, such as professor or teacher, and that is an atmosphere I want to experience," said Eric Xu, a Chinese student studying at Columbia University, in New York.

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While the enrollment of Chinese students continues to grow, the past academic year saw a significant increase in students from Kuwait, Brazil, Saudi Arabia and even Iran. More than 4 percent of the students in U.S. higher education institutions are foreigners. Educators say the presence of foreign students in American schools is beneficial, and that about 4,000 U.S. colleges and universities can accommodate more.

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"We know that international students contribute significantly to U.S. classrooms and campuses through their global perspectives and by providing international exposure to those American students who may never have the opportunity to study overseas," said Rajika Bhandari, Vice President of the Institute of International Education.

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Enrollment of students from abroad also adds to the U.S. economy.

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"This year, $27 billion was contributed to our economy at the local state and national levels, through payments for tuition, housing and other costs," said Evan Ryan, Assistant Secretary of State for education.

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The U.S. State Department and the Department of Education also promote study abroad for U.S. students.

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"We believe that study abroad can increase American competitiveness by enabling U.S. students to acquire language skills as well as the regional and global perspectives necessary to succeed in the 21st century," said Ryan.

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About 290,000 U.S. students went to study abroad in 2012-2013 for academic credit. Europe, especially Britain, remains the number one destination for American students, but the latest "Open Door" report shows that more students now choose to go to Latin American countries and China.

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"China now is the number five host country for U.S. students, hosting over 14,000 American students," said Christine Farrugia of the International Institute of Education.

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While U.S. schools continue to attract young people from all over the world, student exchanges among other countries also are on the rise.

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译文属可可原创,仅供学习交流使用,未经许可请勿转载

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词汇解释

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1.accommodate vt. 容纳;使适应;供应;调解 vi. 适应;调解

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The roads are built to accommodate gradual temperature changes.
这些道路是为适应气温的逐渐变化而建的xise@3rlZG#[bwkmPp

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2.perspective n. 观点;远景;透视图 adj. 透视的

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Remember to keep things in perspective.
记住要正确地看待事物!HSVYlg7fK@pgD9r

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3.enroll vt. 登记;使加入;把...记入名册;使入伍 vi. 参加;登记;注册;记入名册

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I should like to enroll all my children in the swimming class.
我愿意让我的孩子们都参加游泳班MUuzh@H#gT@C6,E

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内容解析

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1.This year, $27 billion was contributed to our economy at the local state and national levels,

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contribute to 有助于;捐献

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Various factors contributed to his downfall.
多种因素的作用导致了他的倒台-saycjp06g[*&m

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Heat, cold, tactile and other sensations contribute to flavour.
热、冷、触觉和其他感觉构成了食物风味的一部分yI]~X%41o12

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参考译文

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国际教育研究所的一份新报道称在2013到2014学年,美国高等学院招收了至少88.6万名外国学生,比前一学年增长了8%afv.|1TVzVq。如今美国的国际学生数量是10年前的两倍,这一趋势在很大程度上受到即将来自中国的本科生的推动tnC6ja|lHfpT

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艾瑞克·许是在纽约哥伦比亚大学学习的中国学生,“美国强调课堂讨论、个人观点,以及与他人辩论的能力,比如与教授或老师,这是我想经历的学习氛围Y1rmjWXt_|4T@!lI))]。”

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即使招收的中国学生数量在增加,过去一学年里来自科威特、巴西、沙特甚至伊朗的学生数量也有大幅增加)^v6L#865IM。美国高校中4%以上的学生是外国人,教育专家称外国学生到美国学校读书很有好处,大约4000所学院和大学还能容纳更多学生V!AjJ=ezVGvTsW_S

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“我们知道国际学生通过其全球视野,并给那些从未有机会去外国学习的美国学生以国际熏陶,这样就给美国的课堂和校园做出了很大贡献V7lIwRd+*Y]。”班达里是国际教育研究所副主席9k4=]3tT^BZMsFT~y3

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招收外国学生也能促进美国经济发展D3tm1l-IxI9M)vUpjmI

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伊万·瑞恩是教育部助理国务卿,“今年,通过交学费、房费等费用,国际学生给地方州和国家贡献了270亿美元us@_76W5f!oBDD9。”

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美国国务院和教育部还推动美国学生到国外学习4uOr(Y)s6UhW]

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“我们认为到外国学习可以让美国学生获得技能,具备在21世纪成功所必须的地区和国际视野,从而提高美国人的竞争力k8wASOjZ8&!I。”

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2012到2013年约有29万美国学生因学业优秀到外国学习,欧洲、尤其是英国仍然是美国学生的首选地,但最近“开放大门”报道称现在有更多学生选择去拉美国家和中国Zf9CiANr(LWE13lzW

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“中国现在是美国学生的第五大选择国,中国有超过1.4万名美国学生JfsK-[ZT(CVWvvqhqu。”

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虽然美国学校继续吸引来自全世界的年轻人,其他国家的学生交换也在增加3X2LA0j9Agg;dsd

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重点单词
  • acquirevt. 获得,取得,学到
  • destinationn. 目的地,终点,景点
  • contributevt. 捐助,投稿 vi. 投稿,贡献,是原因之一
  • temperaturen. 温度,气温,体温,发烧
  • exposuren. 面临(困难),显露,暴露,揭露,曝光
  • globaladj. 全球性的,全世界的,球状的,全局的
  • instituten. 学会,学院,协会 vt. 创立,开始,制定
  • populationn. 人口 ,(全体)居民,人数
  • competitivenessn. 竞争能力
  • capacityn. 能力,容量,容积; 资格,职位 adj. (达到最