VOA常速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):新国会或对俄采取更强硬路线
日期:2014-11-14 12:25

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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STATE DEPARTMENT— The Obama administration says sanctions against those backing separatists in eastern Ukraine are having an impact on the Russian economy, but the coming change of legislative power in Washington may affect U.S. policy toward the crisis.

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Ukrainian forces fighting Russian-backed separatists are looking for more help from Europe and the United States at a time when Russian President Vladimir Putin may see President Barack Obama as weakened by electoral losses, the Atlantic Council’s Robert Manning said.

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“We know, for example in the Ukraine, Putin looks like he is trying to strengthen his position in eastern Ukraine and break away Donetsk from the rest of the country, and he might be more encouraged to do that,” Manning said.

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Putin faced little criticism on Ukraine at a meeting of Asia-Pacific leaders in Beijing, in part because of what former Putin adviser Andrei Illarianov, now a research fellow at the Cato Institute, called a “tactical pause” in the Russian offensive.

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“This is partly the result of elections in the U.S. Congress and partly connected to Putin’s visit to Asia," he said. "It was probably a decision that escalating the conflict would create a bad atmosphere during Putin’s meetings with international leaders. But then after this visit, we will see an escalation.”

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Republican Senator John McCain of Arizona, who is in line to chair the Senate Armed Services Committee, has been pushing Obama to take a harder line against Moscow. This could help the president, said Keith Darden, an associate professor in the School of International Service at American University in Washington.

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"In some ways, it increases President Obama’s leverage in his negotiations with the Russians, to the extent that those exist, because basically there is always a threat that Congress is going to act on its own,” Darden said.

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Eric Rubin, deputy assistant secretary of state for European and Eurasian affairs, said there is broad, bipartisan support for how to move forward on Ukraine.

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“The key question is does Ukraine need help rebuilding its military and its national security infrastructure," Rubin said. "The answer is yes. And are we committed to helping them? Yes, we are, very publicly. There has been a significant amount of assistance. There will be more. The question is what, and that is the debate that is going on now.”

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In that debate, the installation of new leaders in Ukraine’s breakaway regions could help fuel a Republican drive for stronger U.S. action, including sending weapons.

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“If Congress gets involved," Darden said, "not only is it probably going to be more severe, including military aid and maybe some economic aid, it might be more significant sanctions on Russia, and they are much harder to undo.”

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Prospects for tougher sanctions will be part of European Union talks in Brussels on Monday, said EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini.

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“There will be a discussion there," Mogherini said, "but I would say not just on whether to increase the sanctions but most of all how to support Ukraine in these difficult times — difficult because of security on its territory.”

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That security is threatened by troop movements along the Russian border, which German Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier warns could lead to violent confrontations.

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译文属可可原创,仅供学习交流使用,未经许可请勿转载

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词汇解释

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1.tactical adj. 战术的;策略的;善于策略的

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It's not yet clear whether his resignation offer is a serious one, or whether it's simply a tactical move.
还不清楚他的辞职请求是认真的,还是只是个策略上的举动yts-r*(H-pvfx0G

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2.installation n. 安装,装置;就职

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The building was turned into a secret military installation.
该楼被改建成一个秘密军事设施处DLrU|1n@(#e|2E

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3.breakaway n. 分离;脱逃

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A breakaway faction of the rebel group has claimed responsibility for the killing.
反叛团体的一个分裂出来的派别已宣称对那次凶杀负责h-NA;-^-pLOxO]@[~]|

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4.leverage n. 手段,影响力;杠杆作用;杠杆效率 v. 利用;举债经营

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His position as mayor gives him leverage to get things done.
他的市长身份使他有能力办成一些事情%SOPqBG9huz_rU

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内容解析

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1.because basically there is always a threat that Congress is going to act on its own,

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act on one's own 自主 ; 按照自己的意愿行事

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To Josh, checking with his wife would mean he was not free to act on his own.
对乔希来说,征求妻子的意见意味着他不能自由行动uLJA][v@SWdT.Lvp+

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To act on my own to practice volunteer spirit, dedicate my love to the society and those in need of help;
以自身的行动实践志愿者精神,把爱心奉献给社会和需要帮助的人@pQ.qwF3.Y

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参考译文

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与俄罗斯支持下分裂分子作战的乌克兰部队在向欧洲和美国寻找更多帮助,此时俄罗斯总统弗拉基米尔·普京可能会认为奥巴马总统在选举中力量被削弱,大西洋理事会的罗伯特·曼宁如是说SHllR%dT~28Sj

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“我们知道,比如在乌克兰,普京好像是在试图加强其在乌克兰东部的势力,将顿涅茨克从该国分离出去,他可能也受到了这样的鼓舞[@xUT0s6bCGH。”

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在北京亚太领导人会议上,普京在乌克兰问题上遭遇的批评甚少,这部分是因为普京前顾问、卡托研究所现任研究员安德烈所说的那样是俄罗斯攻势方面“战略性的暂停”yNKN#x9Zl,KMV_=

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“这部分是因为美国选举,部分与普京访问亚洲有关=%DUWdpZcsHm(5。可能是因为会加剧冲突的决定会在普京会谈国际领导人时制造不好的气氛,但在访问之后,我们将会看到局势升级R]25vLf#dJk.B-Qut6.C。”

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亚利桑那州的共和党参议员约翰·麦凯恩即将主持参议院军事委员会,他一直推动奥巴马对莫斯科采取更强硬立场YdK)gXC5108a1mV。华盛顿美洲大学国际关系学院助理教授基思·达顿说,这可能会帮助到总统x3^et7HW[Xr8Qj9-

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“在某种程度上,这将增加奥巴马总统与俄罗斯人协商时的影响力,因为基本上来说一直存在这样的威胁,即国会将自行其是aH4F5D,VTB2)m4。”

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欧洲和欧亚事务局副助理部长埃里克·鲁宾说,在如何推动乌克兰事务上存在广泛的两党支持Jrba+|+xLnNFm]JTRe7

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“关键问题是,乌克兰是否需要帮助重建其军队和国家安全基础设施,答案是确定的r!yUi7h3Q*].%|E.Goc!。那么我们会努力帮助他们吗?是的,我们公开支持他们_~bRjmRd)&[;lB1z。我们已经提供了巨大的帮助了,但未来还会帮助更多pGEUt.HaAz。问题是如何帮助,这就是我们准备辩论的话题zGh1IdcCA._1ai&。”

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在这场辩论中,乌克兰独立地区已就职的新领导人可能会助推共和党让美国采取更强硬行动,包括输送武器#.)S)EDPB@,LEnZ8MM

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“如果共和党参与进来,那么行动不仅会更强硬,包括军事援助,可能还有一些经济援助,可能还会对俄罗斯采取重大制裁,要撤销这些制裁会更难BJ=yyLXP#oDz。”

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是否采取更有力制裁将是周一布鲁塞尔欧盟会谈的话题之一,欧盟外交政策首席代表莫盖里尼说IZz%1nNnR*

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“会上将将进行协商,不仅是增加制裁方面,还有关如何支持乌克兰度过艰难时候,之所以艰难是因为其领土安全受到威胁s90]@]iL8Y2y。”

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乌克兰的安全受到俄罗斯边境上军队行动的威胁,德国外长施泰因迈尔警告说这将导致暴力对抗P@gXbJ;dNX=oD

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重点单词
  • affectvt. 影响,作用,感动
  • senatorn. 参议员
  • debaten. 辩论,讨论 vt. 争论,思考 vi. 商讨,辩论
  • committedadj. 献身于某种事业的,委托的
  • bordern. 边界,边境,边缘 vt. 与 ... 接壤,加边于
  • instituten. 学会,学院,协会 vt. 创立,开始,制定
  • threatn. 威胁,凶兆 vt. 威胁, 恐吓
  • territoryn. 领土,版图,领域,范围
  • resignationn. 辞职,辞呈,顺从
  • prospectsn. 预期;前景;潜在顾客;远景展望