VOA常速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):崛起的共和党将改变贸易政治
日期:2014-11-12 12:11

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Some long-stalled trade agreements could move forward now that there is a new Republican majority in the U.S. Senate, but getting congressional approval for these deals may require some unusual political alliances.

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The senator expected-to-be the next majority leader Mitch McConnell, and other Republicans have fought proposals by President Barack Obama, a Democrat.

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But unlike many Democrats, Obama speaks in favor of trade agreements, opening the way for a deal with his Republican opponents.

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“I think he is interested in moving forward," McConnell said. "I told him to send us trade agreements, [that] we are anxious to look at them.”

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Trade supporters are trying to work out an agreement that would allow Congress to vote for or against trade deals reached by the Obama administration with other nations, but not allow Congress to try to change deals.

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Controversial bill

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The administration and congressional Republicans are focusing on a complex and controversial bill called the "Trade Promotion Authority," or TPA.

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"My guess is you will get negotiations between the administration so they are ready to go with a TPA bill as soon as the Congress comes back," said trade expert Claude Barfield of the American Enterprise Institute.

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Lori Wallach of Global Trade Watch said the Republican surge means certain Democrats who were working on compromises to win the votes needed to get TPA approved were pushed out of power. That could have the ironic effect of hurting progress on a Republican goal.

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"I think the chance that there is a trade authority package that can get through the House is slightly diminished," Wallach said.

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U.S. officials are working on a deal with a number of Pacific nations and a separate agreement with the European Union.

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Focus of new agreements

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Past trade deals cut tariffs to boost trade by making it cheaper. These new agreements are also supposed to harmonize different nations' rules governing health, safety and solving business disputes.

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Many U.S. unions say trade deals protect the profits of large multinational corporations, undemocratically change laws, and do too little to protect American jobs.

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"We need to put citizens first, not ignore investment. We will not have economic development without [it], but not this kind of lopsided investment where citizens rights take years, if we ever address the issues," said Larry Cohen, president of the Communications Workers of America.

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Obama and other supporters of trade deals say they boost the economy and help support jobs. He has signed agreements with South Korea, Colombia and Panama.

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译文属可可原创,仅供学习交流使用,未经许可请勿转载

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词汇解释

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1.surge n. 汹涌;大浪,波涛;汹涌澎湃;巨涌 v. 汹涌;起大浪,蜂拥而来

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Specialists see various reasons for the recent surge in inflation.
专家认为最近通货膨胀加剧有各种原因yT]O5f3ko#

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2.ironic adj. 讽刺的;反话的

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At the most solemn moments he will flash a mocking smile or make an ironic remark.
在最庄严的的时刻他也会露出嘲弄的微笑或是说些讽刺挖苦的话OF~GACj5%R9h]047H

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3.lopsided adj. 不平衡的,倾向一方的

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His suit had shoulders that made him look lopsided.
他西装的肩部使他看上去两肩高低不平M,hi;g4LolhTp4sq,=Mx

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内容解析

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1.Trade supporters are trying to work out an agreement that would allow Congress to vote for or against trade deals reached by the Obama administration with other nations,

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work out 解决;算出;实现;制定出;消耗完;弄懂;锻炼

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Negotiators are due to meet later today to work out a compromise.
谈判者们预定在今天晚些时候会面以找到一个折中的办法dJ9(l8@Sc;.)

It took me some time to work out what was causing this.
它花了我一些时间,找到导致这种状况的原因x3jUVjQ_M*j@|r4Ig6M

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参考译文

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有望成为下一任多数派领袖的参议员明奇·麦康奈尔和其他共和党已经开始反对民主党总统巴拉克·奥巴马的提议1txc.JvXQto

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但与许多民主党不同的是,奥巴马谈到支持贸易协议,这就为与其共和党反对派达成协议开启了道路n8;du*.(+EYZjzG*_*Da

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“我想他有兴趣来推进,我告诉他发给我们贸易协议,我们很希望看到这个协议RurJ!xt2%%2。”

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贸易支持者们希望能达成允许国会表决支持或反对奥巴马政府与他国达成的贸易协议的协议,但不允许国会试图改变贸易协议=!;o1%6OP8mvpP

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政府和国会共和党人关注一项名为“贸易促进授权”(TPA)的复杂且有争议的法案iy8TA,.lR6ce2_

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“我的猜测是他们会和政府进行协商,这样一旦国会结束休会,就会就TPA法案进行表决EhxB,80dF2E!k.xk]LZ!。”美国企业研究所贸易专家巴菲尔德说U9hx7r9&+1)5aM;N!s%f

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一些民主党为了获得TPA批准通过所需要的投票支持而做出妥协,全球贸易观察的洛瑞·沃勒克说,共和党的崛起意味着,这些民主党可能会被推出权力中心Qu75;+[q66N0M。这可能会对共和党一个目标上取得的进展产生讽刺性的影响qG~.GziFsz)x@@Pd

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“我想贸易授权一揽子方案能够通过众议院的可能性在变小X_TX.1*6U_R。”

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美国官方正与诸多太平洋国家就一项协议进行协商,与欧盟就另一项协议进行协商t@tHJ^P+UCt4q_3,;Um

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过去的贸易协议削减关税,降低成本,从而促进了贸易ivNRPr(c%7tAC#。这些新协议可能会令各国卫生、安全和解决贸易争端方面的规定更协调PVl4pgAN)_SlhK

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许多美国工会称贸易协议保护了大型跨国公司的利润,不民主地改变了法律,在保护美国就业方面很不给力(e%Dj)eGC(

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“我们需要将公民放在首位,不要忽略投资RgP]Ipit0vA[P7MerS。没有投资我们就不能实现经济发展,但不是这种不平衡的投资,公民们需要花费数年才有可能解决这些问题i3nEp(#+l+(|G.ohEUi;。”美国通讯业工人协会主席拉里·科恩说U|P6kl|4B,w1RNHGCU[

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奥巴马和其他贸易协议支持者说这些协议促进了经济发展并支持就业,他已与韩国、哥伦比亚和巴拿马签署了协议V^k+~,GGV4IuLkVFsp#s

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重点单词
  • ignorevt. 不顾,不理,忽视
  • instituten. 学会,学院,协会 vt. 创立,开始,制定
  • authorityn. 权力,权威,职权,官方,当局
  • certainadj. 确定的,必然的,特定的 pron. 某几个,某
  • slightlyadv. 些微地,苗条地
  • promotionn. 晋升,促进,提升
  • complexadj. 复杂的,复合的,合成的 n. 复合体,综合体,
  • separaten. 分开,抽印本 adj. 分开的,各自的,单独的 v
  • addressn. 住址,致词,讲话,谈吐,(处理问题的)技巧 vt.
  • pacificn. 太平洋 adj. 太平洋的 pacific adj