Winter is on Syria’s doorstep. For millions of the country’s civilians, this means that an already difficult existence will become much, much worse. They must winterproof their shelters, or build new ones, but building materials are scarce. Most of the refugees need cold-weather clothing, extra blankets, and heating fuel, all of which are in short supply.
And many worry about procuring medicines for their children’s common winter illnesses.
According to the United Nations Refugee Agency, of Syria’s population of 22 million, at least 6 and half million people are internally displaced, while about 3.2 million have fled to neighboring countries. And as fighting in Syria escalates, these numbers continue to grow.
“Syria used to be a middle class country where nearly every child was in school. In 2008 Syria’s people were hosting refugees from neighboring countries,” said Assistant Secretary of State for Population, Refugees, and Migration Anne C. Richard. “I never imagined that this land – so rich in history and antiquities, wheat and olive trees – could be so utterly broken.”
The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees estimates that at least $6.5 billion is needed to meet these people’s needs through the rest of the year. The United States is heeding the call, as it has over the past three years. Just one month ago, Secretary of State John Kerry pledged nearly $500 million in new assistance for humanitarian relief to Syria, and for those countries that are hosting Syrian refugees. The majority of these funds will go to UN agencies.
And in late October, Assistant Secretary Richard announced that the U.S. will provide another $10 million to help address the needs of local communities hosting refugees from Syria. More than half of Syria’s refugees live outside of traditional refugee camps.
This brings the total U.S. humanitarian contribution to the Syrian crisis to more than $2.9 billion since the beginning of the conflict. It is the largest sum we have spent on any humanitarian response in a generation.
The United States is committed to providing relief for the millions of people affected by the worst humanitarian disaster of our era, and we hope that other nations will follow our lead.
1.procure vt. 获得，取得；导致 vi. 取得
Can you procure some tickets for me?
2.antiquities n. 古，古老；(在欧洲尤指中世纪前的)古代；远古时代
There is rest and healing in the contemplation of antiquities.
3.heed vi. 注意，留心 n. 注意到；留心到 vt. 注意，留心
But few at the conference in London last week heeded his warning.
1.The United States is committed to providing relief for the millions of people affected by the worst humanitarian disaster of our era, and we hope that other nations will follow our lead.
follow the lead 照样行事，追随着干
All the day in the sled team follow the lead dog.
You should make your own decision, and don't always follow the lead of yor brother.
你应该自己判断行事, 别总是跟在你哥哥的后面 。
叙利亚即将进入冬季，对该国上千万平民来说，这意味着雪上加霜。他们必须让住处加固以防冻，或者建造新房，但建筑材料很缺乏 。很多难民还需要过冬的衣服，特别是毛毯和取暖的燃料，所有这些都很短缺 。
联合国难民事务高级专员办公室估计，至少需要65亿美元来满足这些人年底前的需求。美国留意到这一呼吁，正如在过去三年做的那样 。就在一个月前，国务卿约翰·克里承诺为叙利亚提供近5亿美元的人道主义援助，同时帮助接纳叙利亚难民的国家 。其中大部分资金都拨给联合国机构 。