From VOA Learning English, this is In the News.
The word "mess" can be used to describe something complex or very difficult to deal with. A former United States official used the word last weekend when she spoke about recent world events. "To put it mildly," Madeleine Albright said, "the world is a mess."
Ms. Albright was the first woman to serve as Secretary of State. She served as the country's top diplomat during the presidency of Bill Clinton.
Ms. Albright appeared on the CBS News program Face the Nation. Reporter Bob Schieffer asked her if she knew of "a time when there was so much trouble in so many different places?"
She said two "huge game changers" have affected recent events. One is the behavior of Russian Vladimir Putin toward Ukraine.
The other is what has been happening in the Middle East, starting with the political unrest known as the Arab Spring. She also noted what she called "the artificiality of the borders that were established after World War I."
The conflict in Ukraine has been in the news almost daily since the shooting down of Malaysian Airlines Flight 17 last month.All 298 people on the airplane were killed. The same day, the Israeli military launched a campaign against Hamas supporters in the Gaza Strip. Since then, more than 1,000 people have died in the fighting.
The war in nearby Syria has displaced millions of people. Thousands of Central American children have entered the United States illegally and without their parents. Add to that the religious violence in Iraq. So some would say the world does appear to be a mess at the present time.
Micah Zenko is a senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations in Washington, D.C. He says many people believe that theworld is either on fire or "facing chaos or spinning out of control." He thinks technology and social media are driving news reports on the conflicts. He notes the influence of broadcasters like CNN.
"Part of this is because it is so vivid, the imagery and the concerns and the instability, and this is now translated in real time -- not just as they used to call 'the CNN effect' but it's sort of the CNN effect on steroids, which is to say journalists, activists, researchers in conflict-prone countries can place images of suffering, of damage, and they can appear on your Twitter feed, on your Facebook posts sort of instantly. And so it's in not just real time but sort of immediacy that allows us to connect with suffering in a way that we don't see in terms of positive news stories."
The Council of Foreign Relations lists 33 conflicts on a part of its website called the Global Conflict Tracker. Reports about these conflicts have appeared in news media over the past six months.
Micah Zenko says the world has experienced other periods of chaos or unrest. The issue, he says, is that positive, or good, news does not get reported. He notes the drop in the number of child deaths and progress in fighting diseases like polio. He says people are living longer than their parents did and generally have better health. He also notes the spread of democracy around the world.
And, that's In The News from VOA Learning English. I'm Christopher Cruise.
1.artificiality n. 人造物
It will seem rather a monument of artificiality.
2.displace vt. 移动，移走，迫使…离开家园
In Europe alone thirty million people were displaced...
3.vivid adj. 生动的，（记忆、描述等）清晰的
He relied on translucent enamels to produce vivid, glowing pictures.
4.instantly adv. 立即，马上
Lucy recollected herself instantly and replied.
5.generally adv. 一般地，通常
She had few friends, and was generally not very happy.
1."To put it mildly," Madeleine Albright said, "the world is a mess."
To put it mildly说得婉转些
Not all the money, to put it mildly, has been used wisely.
2.She said two "huge game changers" have affected recent events.
To be a game-changer, find breakthroughs to common challenges.
3.Add to that the religious violence in Iraq.
Add to 增加, 加强
This lesson adds to the value of the book.
“混乱”这个次可以用来描述复杂或难以处理的事物。美国一名前官员上周末讲述关于最新的世界时事时用到了这个词 。马德琳·欧布莱特(Madeleine Albright)表示，“说得委婉一些，整个世界一片混乱 。”
她表示，两个“巨大的扭转乾坤者”影响了最近的时事。其中一个是俄罗斯总统普京对乌克兰的行为 。另外一个就是中东地区的战事，从一场被称为“阿拉伯之春”的政治动荡开始 。她还指出了“第一次世界大战后人为建造的边境” 。
自上月马来西亚航空MH17航班被击落以来，乌克兰冲突几乎每天都出现在新闻中。飞机上298人全部遇难 。同一天，以色列军队发起了对加沙地带哈马斯支持者的攻击活动 。自那时起，已有超过1,000人在冲突中遇难 。
邻近的叙利亚战争导致数百万人流离失所。成千上万的中美洲儿童在无父母陪伴的情况下非法进入美国境内 。伊拉克的宗教暴力使形势更加混乱 。所以，有人会说，目前全世界似乎一片混乱 。
Micah Zenko是华盛顿特区对外关系协会一名资深工作人员。他表示，许多人相信世界已经水深火热或者“面临混乱或失去控制 。”他认为科技和社交媒体推动了新闻对冲突的报道 。他指出了CNN等广播公司的影响 。
Micah Zenko表示，世界其他时期也曾遭遇混乱或动荡。他说，问题是，积极的或好的消息并未被报告 。他指出幼童死亡数字下降以及抵抗小儿麻痹症等疾病的进步 。他表示，人们的寿命已经超过父辈，总体来说更加健康 。他还指出全世界民主制度不断推进 。
以上就是今天的美国之音慢速学英语新闻报道。我是Christopher Cruise 。