From VOA Learning English, this is In the News.
This year, 52,000 children have entered the United States from Mexico without a family member or guardian. The children are mainly from Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras. U.S. border patrol agents detain most of the boys and girls.
Normally, Mexican citizens who are caught are quickly returned to Mexico. People from other countries are processed through the immigration court system.
By law, children cannot be sent back alone. They must be processed through the Office of Refugee Resettlement or put under the care of family members living in the United States.
Shawn Moran is Vice President of the National Border Patrol Council. He describes what U.S. agents have seen recently along the Rio Grande River border with Mexico.
"Most time people that are crossing the border illegally attempt to evade Border Patrol. But in these cases, Border Patrol agents are being actively sought out. People (the children) are waiting in very conspicuous places to be apprehended by the Border Patrol."
Michael McCaul is a member of both the Republican Party and the U.S. House of Representatives. He is the Chairman of the House Homeland Security Committee. He says the Obama administration should have predicted the large numbers of unaccompanied children.
"The tragic fact is these children are making a dangerous journey based on misinformation and the false promise of amnesty."
Congressman McCaul says areas along the Mexico border -- like his home state of Texas -- are unable to deal with so many children. He wants President Obama to take action.
"States should not need to protect what is in the federal government's role under our Constitution."
The Obama administration rejected putting National Guards troops along the border. Last week, the administration also announced plans to open more detention centers to house the children.
Mississippi Congressman Bennie Thompson belongs to Mr. Obama's Democratic Party. Mr. Thompson rejected the blame from Republicans.
"It is irresponsible to attribute this crisis to one U.S. policy, or for that matter to one U.S. president."
Some Republican lawmakers have called for more fences and tougher security along the border. Republican Congressman Mike Rogers represents Alabama. He says the crisis is avoidable.
"I have been there. I know what I am talking about. And we don't have a fence down there, and if [we] did, we would not have five-year-old children coming across."
Tristan Reed is a Mexico security expert. He says the drug trade is largely to blame for people leaving Central America.
"They are escaping from legitimate drug wars that are going on in their cities and municipalities."
He says poverty also influenced the decision of many parents to send their children to the United States.
Jeh Johnson is the head of the Department of Homeland Security. He calls the migration of Central American children a humanitarian crisis.
"We are talking about large numbers of children, without their parents, who have arrived at our border, hungry, thirsty, exhausted, scared and vulnerable. How we treat the children, in particular, is a reflection of our laws and our values."
He adds that the U.S. government is required by law to provide care for the children.
And that's In the News from VOA Learning English. I'm Mario Ritter.
1.guardian n. 监护人
Your father chose to leave me your guardian.
2.process vt. 处理
The information gathered by the telescopes will be processed by computers.
3.evade v. 逃避；规避
They left their villages to evade being press-ganged into the army.
4.conspicuous adj. 明显的；显而易见的
Mary's red hair always made her conspicuous at school.
5.apprehend vt. 逮捕
Police have not apprehended her killer.
6.misinformation n. 误报，误传
This was a deliberate piece of misinformation.
7.largely adv. 大部分地，主要地
Any calls for a new UN resolution are largely political posturing.
8.reflection n. 反映
Inhibition in adulthood seems to be very clearly a reflection of a person's experiences as a child.
1.Most time people that are crossing the border illegally attempt to evade Border Patrol.
These feelings are likely to make people attempt to overthrow the system.
2.He says the drug trade is largely to blame for people leaving Central America.
be to blame应受责备的
Some researchers have speculated that high-heeled shoes may be to blame.
3.It is irresponsible to attribute this crisis to one U.S. policy, or for that matter to one U.S. president.
It is preposterous to attribute to mere external conditions.
4.How we treat the children, in particular, is a reflection of our laws and our values.
in particular尤其， 特别
Drew made some remarks to nobody in particular and said goodbye.
今年，已有52,000名儿童在没有家人或监护人陪同的情况下从墨西哥来到美国。这些儿童主要来自危地马拉，萨尔瓦多和洪都拉斯 。美国边境巡逻特工拘留了大部分男童女童 。
Shawn Moran是国家边境巡逻委员会副主席。他描述了美国特工最近在美国和墨西哥之间的界河里奥格兰德河沿岸见到的景象 。
“大部分时候，非法穿越边境者试图躲避边境巡警。但是在这种案件中，他们却积极寻找边境巡警 。这些儿童在非常明显的地方等待被边境巡警逮捕 。”
Michael McCaul是共和党人，也是美国众议院代表。他是美国国土安全委员会主席 。他表示，奥巴马政府原本应该预料到大量无陪伴儿童的到来 。
密西西比国会议员Bennie Thompson隶属奥巴马的民主党。Thompson反驳了来自共和党的谴责 。
一些共和党立法者呼吁在边境附近树立更多栅栏，加强安保措施。共和党国会议员Mike Rogers代表阿拉巴马州 。他表示，这场危机是不可避免的 。
“我曾经到过现场。我知道我在说什么 。我们没有在那里树立栅栏，否则不会有五岁的儿童穿越边境来到美国 。”
Tristan Reed是墨西哥一名安全专家。他表示，人们离开中美洲的很大一部分原因是毒品交易 。
杰伊·约翰逊(Jeh Johnson)是国土安全部部长。他称中美洲儿童的移民是一场人道主义危机 。
以上就是最新的美国之音慢速学英语时事新闻节目。我是Mario Ritter 。