VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):两次强震袭击智利
日期:2014-04-07 12:38

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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From VOA Learning English, this is In The News. A powerful earthquake struck an area near the northern coast of Chile on Wednesday. The earthquake came a day after an even stronger quake hit the area. The earlier quake was blamed for at least six deaths.

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The United States Geological Survey says a 7.8 magnitude aftershock hit northern Chile late Wednesday night, local time. Magnitude is a measurement of the energy released at the center, or source, of an earthquake. U.S. officials said the aftershock was centered about 23 kilometers south of the port of Iquique. They said it struck at a depth of 20 kilometers below sea level.

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The aftershock led Chilean officials to order thousands of people away from coastal areas. It also led to warnings of high tsunami waves in parts of the Pacific Ocean. The orders and tsunami warnings were later canceled.

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The aftershock struck a day after an even more powerful earthquake hit northern Chile. That quake was centered in an area about 100 kilometers northwest of Iquique. The city is home to nearly 200,000 people.

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Click to enlarge.

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The quake was felt in Bolivia and Peru. It also led to tsunami warnings as far as Japan. The warnings were cancelled hours later.

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Chilean police and soldiers guarded coastal communities to prevent attacks on homes and businesses. Television video showed damaged buildings in Iquique. But officials found surprisingly light damage from the quake.

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President Michelle Bachelet visited the affected area. She spoke to the nation about the disaster.

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She said appropriate measures have been taken to protect lives and property. And she said the government will continue to work all the time that is necessary to deal with this emergency and protect our citizens.

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Rafael Abreu is a scientist with the U.S. Geological Survey Earthquake Information Center. He says the earthquake activity began with a magnitude 6.7 quake on March 16. More than 100,000 people were told to leave low-lying areas, but returned later.

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Earthquakes are somewhat common in Chile. They are also a fact of life in the American state of California. Scientists say a quake of magnitude eight or higher could strike along the San Andreas Fault in coming years. The San Andreas Fault extends from north to south through California. Thousands died in its last major rupture, or movement. That took place near the city of San Francisco in 1906.

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Smaller earthquakes also can be deadly if they strike close to heavily populated areas. Safety experts say every home needs to have a plan of action, supplies food and water, and emergency equipment.

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Kate Hutton is a seismologist at the California Institute of Technology. She specializes in the study of earthquakes. Kate Hutton admits there is no way to predict earthquakes, so being prepared is the best defense.

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We will have more about earthquakes next Tuesday on the weekly program Science in the News. And that's In The News from VOA Learning English. I'm Mario Ritter.

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文本来自51voa,译文属可可原创,仅供学习交流使用,未经许可请勿转载

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词汇解释

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1.aftershock n. 余震,余波

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They were already under stress, thanks to the aftershock of last year's drought.
去年干旱的余波已经给他们造成压力了!^C2@dO|=fWj0

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2.tsunami n. 海啸

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Powerful quake sparks tsunami warning in Japan.
大地震触发了日本的海啸预警MX4t.ZGyZk7XWD)

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3.rupture n. 破裂;决裂;疝气 vi. 破裂;发疝气 vt. 使破裂;断绝;发生疝

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The diplomatic relations between the two countries have been ruptured.
两国外交关系已经断绝V)CO0)avgPi!-

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内容解析

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1.The earlier quake was blamed for at least six deaths.

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blame for 责备;因……责备

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The conductor is blamed for the accident.
售票员因此次意外事故而受到指责L0p%gv40i)O

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The hydrogen sulfide is often blamed for the corrosion.
硫化氢常常引起腐蚀M)q#lOULyiM

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参考译文

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这里是美国之音慢速英语新闻报道,周三,一场强震袭击了智利北海岸附近地区,就在一天前这里刚遭受一场更强大的地震袭击,第一场地震导致至少6人死亡R2L^m-Wu|lAp3Q@

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美国地震调查局称当地时间周三夜晚一起7.8级余震袭击了智利北部,震级是用来衡量震中所释放能量的9zr=*rBgxJ7u。美国官方称这次余震的震中在伊基克港南部23公里处,称波及范围涉及海平面下20公里处gAvXnr.395iN

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这次余震使得智利官方下令数千人远离沿海地区,同时太平洋部分地区也发布海啸预警,这些命令和海啸预警后来取消了TC7R]t~F_-o

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余震发生的前一天,一场更强大的地震袭击了智利北部,震中在伊基克港西北100公里处,该市拥有人口近20万Z6B1A#v4EBg^(iDNgexx

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玻利维亚和秘鲁都有震感,同时导致远到日本都发布海啸预警,警报在几小时后取消d,*r^r-03zM8-4k

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智利警方和士兵首位海岸地区防止民居和企业遭受袭击,电视视频显示伊基克港有建筑受损,但官方吃惊地发现地震造成的破坏很小6M0&ODPqmOT

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总统米歇尔·巴奇莱特访问了灾区,她对全国讲述了这场灾难%~23_tKtcG+G#!*TD

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她说已经采取适当措施来保护生命和财产,她说政府将继续不间断工作,处理该突发事件并保护公民.o4EX*;HcTGDB

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拉斐尔·阿布雷乌是美国地震调查局地震信息中心的科学家,他说3月16日开始了震级为6.7级的地震活动,已经告知10多万人离开低洼地区,但后来他们回来了_Qvy-[4C3EaAE)

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地震在智利比较常见,美国加州也是如此;J9u#kZ4h@%kR。科学家说未来几年沿圣安地列斯断层可能发生8级或以上的地震c1zwFrx5kz。圣安地列斯断层贯穿加州南北,最近的断裂运动导致数千人丧生,这件事发生在1906年的旧金山附近p1M2,oNWdG]t(9g

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小地震如果发生在人口密集地区,也会是致命的CpbZKVkatt8M#g@E;p~。安全专家说每家每户都需要有行动计划、食物和水供应,以及紧急设备%V2|BwDAXnf

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凯特·赫顿是加州科技研究所的地震学家,她专攻地震研究,她承认没有办法预测地震,所以做好准备是最好的防御MKDmBm7e2~mrqE6*eiEG

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下周二我们在每周科技报道中继续报道地震,这就是美国之音慢速英语科技报道,我是马里奥·利特U[.~2Cpp7+d[

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点击此处下载本期VOA慢速新闻讲解PDF与音频字幕

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重点单词
  • surveyv. 调查,检查,测量,勘定,纵览,环视 n. 调查,纵
  • spokev. 说,说话,演说
  • sourcen. 发源地,来源,原始资料
  • stressn. 紧张,压力 v. 强调,着重 vt. 强调 n.
  • conductorn. 售票员,导体,指挥
  • blamen. 过失,责备 vt. 把 ... 归咎于,责备
  • preventv. 预防,防止
  • enlargev. 扩大,增大
  • earthquaken. 地震
  • magnituden. 大小,重要,光度,(地震)级数,(星星)等级