癫痫可不是“鬼上身”(上)
日期:2022-02-27 10:00

(单词翻译:单击)

 MP3点击下载
^kJk!8UH,b%q@y@m+5OCYQ~r*oE;719!OkA

Epilepsy

H|RM,TxFdM7;

癫痫

UAvrgXfFhcMilt&F%

Today, we will talk about a disease which is known to man for many centuries.

4~WQZw4kKQ

今天,我们将谈论一种人类已知数个世纪的疾病;pmowseVR6.s[[U]

In2,SsfwIVNUn

In layman terms, this disease is simply called 'fits' while in medical terminology, it is known as 'epilepsy'.

=RSBBXEizb;&eiw^J=9

在外行术语中,这种疾病被简单地称为“癫痫病发作”,而在医学术语中,它被称为“癫痫症”rBG9bg7Kcc4eiPcI_A-

+~+0cB%~c9M9ZkJg

Epilepsy is a very common problem in the world.

5zyfwkuPRfeMnZG5TPhb

癫痫是世界上非常普遍的问题PP_VPkLF=Dun

,oIKwo^|E#1-hg

Take, for example, in Pakistan millions of people are suffering from it or maybe even more than that.

BL|0!aW6[j0K(

例如,在巴基斯坦,数百万人正在遭受这种疾病的痛苦,甚至可能更多[w78CRkPUy*qLvj2qER|

Wpp1([xcVtREt

It affects people living in rural areas as well as urban areas, men as well as women.

VK_db(m+,.,)i8A8

它影响到生活在农村和城市地区的人,无论是男人还是女人tLR-8MyB[tsmAA

cwYckPJxq_5%mP

The disease mostly affects young people.

*HT.v|_u|[ke,Ul

这种疾病主要影响年轻人8Uu@0i9UNsW-&t[jWC

&Sd._@Iq9Bu+Y1

As an estimation, 70% of people with epilepsy are young, while 30% develop epilepsy after 50 years of age.

MH0L+7Do3uIgti

据估计,70%的癫痫患者是年轻人,而30%的癫痫患者在50岁后发病RJD62tzuQ)%v;EZZN;(

!5a-44WMt%5XX@Y

Myths about Epilepsy

ulm|ftzDv%2

对癫痫的谬见

dj6=of)rjL-Mw,qa

Although this term is not new for many people because they have seen others in their surroundings suffering from it.

5nbqK8F+H,ps1_Gj;B

虽然这个术语对许多人来说并不新鲜,因为他们看到周围的其他人遭受过这种疾病的折磨Lg1G4uwm8(dYy

dq[w]%.o@pyJuVV

But at the same time, there are many misconceptions prevalent in the society about this disease.

m#ggrfGTfyfzwQ;K|

但与此同时,社会上对这种疾病也存在着许多误解%A2j%R0O389@&W~V1

|(S=dBlL2PnWqJGG~*V

Many people think that the 'fits' are because of 'evil possession' and they then prefer seeing a 'faith healer' for this illness rather than a doctor.

G[VWq8snRpbOe

许多人认为这种“发作”是因为“魔鬼附身”,他们更愿意去找“信仰治疗师”而不是医生_2(=vliCavhJ3

Jrl^+mAg.~~FmGt,@[

Another misconception is that epilepsy is a psychological problem.

EMfM=DjlO(zyy!UjU|T

另一个误解是癫痫是一种心理问题.4l#UvyXCG

|ARCXd^V|WKAoZ3kimF

People think that it is because of stress or failures in life.

a-mJV|@v_Cm)_+rP8dr

人们认为这是因为生活中的压力或失败pjm1kP+mD(RZ7a)

)]EdRHx)%+

So, when a young person has a seizure; let's suppose a 10 years old otherwise normal looking boy or a girl, the parents get genuinely concerned.

=*.EJ=m=(YiXQb6mi

因此,当一个年轻人癫痫发作时,让我们假设患者是一个10岁的男孩或女孩本来看起来很正常,他们的父母真的很担心syEuxIQhi3P|EcC

Nm8E!lcoT39M

With the misconceptions that are prevalent in society, the first fear is that of a evil possession, magic or a serious psychological issue.

5AZI1V%=JJdngpsCIK

对于社会上普遍存在的误解,人们首先担心的是邪恶的附身、魔法或严重的心理问题wZ^QuY+(NKNUVCc5]Q

^SKM+X]NZ1

The other issue is that people try to hide this because they don't take it as a medical illness.

E5QkMQ=xME|Z

另一个问题是,人们试图隐瞒这一点,因为他们不认为这是一种医学疾病of6Gx8buLo&wUL

c6aPOVVzul3n,+]Y-7

They don't want anyone to know that their son or daughter has epilepsy because this diagnosis has been stigmatized in society.

,XDLty.=+=VV

他们不想让任何人知道他们的儿子或女儿患有癫痫,因为这个诊断在社会上已经被污名化了r|=k%I%xiG[v

!^XvHy^]U*f

They may fear that they won't be able to marry off their children or they may not become a part of society or even accepted within their family or schools.

!7xVdQU[0mkIlfBh]

他们可能担心孩子嫁不出去,或者他们可能不会成为社会的一部分,甚至不会被他们的家庭或学校所接受!3.7h5MPbY.X3&0W

pS,44FB)xbW

This is an example of general attitude towards epilepsy which is not only true for Pakistan but also for the developed world.

^EUig*)]Y.d,Hze,

这是对癫痫普遍态度的一个例子,不仅巴基斯坦如此,发达国家也是如此r4umne^9M5ODzf

6b|X0.!PAQ4MtQx*q

What is Epilepsy?

4eG-_G9[4H63dad0(

什么是癫痫?

0P]Jm=cPLKC]h

Epilepsy is a neurological illness or illness of the brain.

6XA,jI)n7-pj5Dt

癫痫是一种神经疾病或大脑疾病BfrSj+nvRn0U

ZCIR3%MeAeZ_6|zbU)a+

The communication or information exchange between different parts of the brain occurs thorough electric currents.

.hE-GY.19_ZLBx

大脑不同部分之间的交流或信息交换是通过电流进行的jwHKz]&X7S^

m1@WeHPkE5we-G9t

There are billions of wires that connect billions of neurons and make this fast and continuous communication possible.

p*A&Mz&VrMm@.[5

有数十亿条电线连接着数十亿个神经元,并使这种快速而持续的通信成为可能WAccQxN^Ym6RKAp*J

T!ehwzVA^)

If at any point in time there is a short circuit at some point then that particular part of the brain or sometimes the whole brain stops working temporarily.

s,Y(nMp0eY|[7I

如果在某个时间点出现短路,那么大脑的这一特定部分,或者是整个大脑都会暂时停止工作|#wDt&ugJB(vaL&mXCTr

)I4+JWUX+8d

This phenomenon is called an 'epileptic fit'.

H.E+rCRg~jF[yk&o

这种现象被称为“癫痫发作”yOt6e#v2tv,c!

vAf-E0Dg%ha]v

Some of the patients may lose awareness during this time for 1 to 2 minutes.

zuksVW1_DjxtRSg=,M

在此期间,一些患者可能会失去意识1到2分钟GN&WdnLJxdvU](u

eH[o179ih1N|A;

They may not respond to the bystander’s commands.

#T+#Lw3.~TR;

他们可能不会听从旁观者的命令c@*F(2pk4TP2

QJ2^7_08.iqgi+cT

After the fit is over, they regain their consciousness level in the same position and start communicating normally.

tCKmlcTocz,%xNB;Pm4

在发作结束后,他们在相同的位置恢复了意识水平,并开始正常交流xCt2p6eMRY1%0UW,5=a

vbGNBX&u)Fmj,*F

Sitting in a classroom, such patients may stop talking abruptly for a minute or so and then become normal as they were immediately once the fit is over.

.fIcPH;3ay.~

坐在教室里,病人可能会突然停止说话一分钟左右,一旦发作结束,就会立即恢复正常@QV%|=*QL(D,r&.Q_ej

4o7e^UPIG1y3mR10d

Patient himself is not aware of this 1-2 minute pause which is obvious for the bystanders.

0s#m;qj.BS.i

病人自己并没有意识到这种1-2分钟的停顿,对旁观者来说非常显而易见_ju3+71,2b^#@HNY

3GAgsa&[R&pT0

Such an event can be called as a minor epileptic fit.

Uja=tCZPA6)zHIzZ]Bmr

这样的事件可以称为轻微癫痫发作Bv5q(4RU3oMgIc0

GbVNbTOnFy633%GDfKOBDF0q%#A!DT]z4ueNYU5GeYyN!@!AN3.(#8
分享到