美式英语发音课程(视频+文本) 第274期:厨房里的英语单词
日期:2017-05-22 11:30

(单词翻译:单击)

视频文本:


Words like 'fork' or 'spatula' can be tricky.

In this video, you're going to see various kitchen objects, and I'll give you the IPA for each word. We'll talk about the syllable stress of multi-syllable words, tricky sounds, or other noteworthy pronunciations, if any, and practice each word slowly. I encourage you to practice out loud with this video. Let's get started!

Plate. Plate. Plaaate.
Notice I pronounced this with a Stop T. Plate. Ending T's are often pronounced this way when they end a sentence or a thought. Stop the air, plate, that's what makes it sound different from 'play'. Plate.
Bowl
Booowwl
Fork.
Fooorrrrkk.
Here we have AW as in LAW vowel followed by the R consonant. In this case, the tongue is further back and the lips round more than when the AW vowel is not followed by R. Fooorrrk. Fork.
Knife. Kniiiiiife. Notice, the K is silent.
Spoon. Spooooooon.
This has the OO vowel. Don't start with your lips in a tight circle, spooo– but let them be relaxed and circle in. Spooooon. Spoon. Spoon.
We call this a butter knife so we know it's not a sharp knife. Butter knife. Buuhhhtter knife. The T is between vowels, so it's a Flap T. Just a flap of the tongue against the roof of the mouth.
Depending on your native language, this may sound like an R to you. Butter. Buuuhtter.
The plural of 'knife' is 'knives' Knives. The F changes to a V. Just like 'life', 'lives'.
Wooden spoon. The first syllable is stressed. Wood-en. After you put your tongue up for the D, you can just leave it there for the second syllable. Wood-en, wood-en. Wooden.
Tongs. Toooongs.
Measuring cup. The first syllable of 'measuring' is stressed. Measuring. DA-da-da. Try to make those second syllables flatter and quicker, -suring, -suring, -suring. Meaaa-suring. Measuring.
Measuring spoon. Meaaasuring spoon.
Mixing bowl. The '-ing' ending is always unstressed. Try to make it quieter and lower in pitch than MIX: mix-ing. Miiixing. Mixing.
Colander. First syllable is stressed here. Just like: ME-suring. COL-ander. DA-da-da. Col-ander.
Tea kettle. The double T comes between two vowel sounds. Just like 'butter', it's a Flap T. Not tt, a True T.
Kettle. Cutting board. What do you notice about the double T? That's right. Another Flap T. The -ing ending is unstressed. CUTT-ing. DA-da. Cutting.
Baking pan or baking dish -ing ending unstressed. BAK-ing. 'Pan' Pan. Paaan is a special word. We have the AA vowel followed by a nasal consonant, N. So it's not a pure AA, relax the tongue in the back to make 'uh'. Paa-uhn. At the end of the video, I'll put a link to another video that goes over this.
Cookie sheet. This could also be a baking sheet. Cookie, stress on the first syllable. Here, I pronounced the final T as a True T. Cookie sheet. Tt- tt- Final T's can be either Stop T's or True T's. Most Americans will make them Stop T's most of the time.
Tupperware. Tuuuhhh-pperware. This is a brand name of storage containers, but many people use the brand name to mean ANY food storage container. Tupperware.
Cabinet. It has three syllables, but most Americans will pronounce it with just two, dropping the middle syllable. Cabinet.
Drawer. This is a tough word. I have a video on phrases in the kitchen that goes over the pronunciation of 'drawer'. See that video at the end of this video.
Sink. Faucet. Sink. Siiiii-nk.
Faucet. Faaauu-cet. I pronounced the ending T as a Stop T.
Dish towel. Dish washer. Dish towel. Towwwel.
The first syllable is stressed. DA-da. Towel. Dish towel
Dish washer. Diiiish washer. A compound word. Stress is on the first syllable in a compound word. Dish-washer. Dishwasher.
Glass. Glaaaass
Wine glass. Wiiiiine glass. Mug. Mmuuuhhg.
Refrigerator. We usually call this 'fridge'. Refrigerator.
At five syllables, this word is the longest word in this vocabulary list. Stress is on the second syllable: rih-FRIDGE-er-ay-der. The T between vowels is a Flap T.
Refrigerator. Fridge. Friiiidge.
Freezer. Freeeeezer. First syllable stress. DA-da. Freezer.
Paper towel. Two words with the same stress: DA-da. DA-da DA-da. Paper towel. Paaaper towwel.
Coffee maker. Same stress pattern as 'paper towel'! DA-da DA-Da Coffee maker
Coffee pot. Same vowel in 'co-' as in 'pot'. Coffee pot.
Oven. Ohhhven.
Stove. Stoooove.
Pot. Lid.
Pot. Lid.
Frying pan or skillet. Frying, the –ing ending is unstressed. So 'frying' and 'skillet' have the same stress: DA-da. Frying. Skillet
Ladle. That's a tough word. Ladle.
Ladle, a tough word. It ends in the same sounds as 'kettle'. I made a video on 'little' which also ends in the same sounds, that might help you pronounce this word better. I'll put a link to it at the end. Ladle.
Spatula. Three syllables, stress on the first syllable. Spaaatula.
Scissors. Two syllables, first syllable stress. DA-da. Scissors. Sciiisors.
Serving spoon -ing ending, unstressed. Seeerrrrving spoon.
Whisk. WH words can pronounced "hw" or just "w". I just make a simple W sound –ww. At the end of this video, I'll link to a video that goes over more of these WH words. Whisk.
Can opener. Can, just like 'pan': relax the AA into the UH. Caa-uhn. Caa-uhn opener. Opener. Three syllables, first syllable stress.
Thermometer. Second syllable stress. da-DA-da-da. Thermometer. Thermometer. Flap T.
Grater. What can you tell me about that T? Grater.

Between vowels, a flap T. It's a homophone with this word, 'greater'.
That means they are pronounced exactly the same. Graaaaater.

Funnel. DA-da. First syllable stress. Fuuunnel. Funnel.
Bottle opener. The double T is a Flap T again. Bottle opener.
Hood. Fan.
Hood. Fan. Just like 'can' and 'pan' – AA-uh. Fan.
Blender. Blender. First syllable stress. DA-da. BLEND-er.
Mixer. This is really heavy. Mixer. First syllable stress. MIX-er.
Tin foil or aluminum foil. Tin foil. Aluminum foil.
Aaaaluuumiiinuuum.
This is one of those words that is pronounced differently in British English. Luckily my friend Vicki is here, at the YouTube space and can help me with this word. In American English, it's aluminum. In British English, its:
Aluminum
Thanks Vicki.
Baggie. Baggie. Two syllables. First syllable stress. DA-da. Have you noticed that first syllable stress is much more common for two syllable words? Baggie.
Plastic wrap. Plastic. First syllable stress. Plastic wrap.
Hot pad. The T in HOT is followed by a consonant. Make that a Stop T. Hot pad
Trivet. I made that ending T a Stop T. Trivet.
Spices. Spiiiiiiiices
Microwave. We think it's ugly so we keep it down here.
Microwave. Three syllables, first syllable stress. Miiiiicrowave.
Okay. Let's look at all of those again. You'll see each clip twice. Listen the first time and say it out loud with me the second time.
Plate
Bowl
Fork
Knife
Spoon
Wooden spoon
Tongs
Measuring cup
Measuring spoon
Mixing bowl
Colander
Tea kettle
Cutting board
Baking pan or baking dish
Cookie sheet
Tupperware
Cabinet
Drawer
Sink. Faucet.
Dish towel
Dish washer
Glass
Wine glass
Mug
Refrigerator
Fridge
Freezer
Paper towel
Coffee maker
Coffee pot
Oven
Stove
Pot. Lid.
Frying pan or skillet
Ladle. That's a tough word. Ladle.
Spatula
Scissors
Serving spoon
Whisk
Can opener
Thermometer
Grater
Funnel
Bottle opener
Hood. Fan.
Blender
Mixer
Tin foil or aluminum foil
Baggie
Plastic wrap
Hot pad
Trivet
Spices
Microwave
What did you think of this vocab-style video? What other vocabulary topics would you like to study? Let me know in the comments below. Here is the link to the video on the AA vowel followed by nasal consonants, and the video on phrases in the kitchen that goes over the pronunciation of the word 'drawer'.
And here's the video on 'little' and 'WH' words. These links are also in the description below.
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