Men who exercise often are less likely to die from cancer than those who 1 , new research published in the British Journal of Cancer revealed yesterday.
A team of scientists from the Karolinska Institute in Sweden looked 2 the effect of physical activity and cancer risk in 40,708 men __ 3 _ between 45 and 79.
The seven-year study found that men 4 walked or cycled for at least 30 minutes a day had a 34 per cent lower risk of 5 from cancer than the men who did less exercise or nothing at all. 6 the period studied~, 3,714 men developed cancer and 1,153 died from the disease. The researchers suggest that half an hour's walking__7__cycling a day increased survival among these men by 33 per cent.
The researchers surveyed men from two counties in central Sweden about their lifestyle and the amount of 8 activity they were usually doing. They then scored these responses and compared the results__9 _data on cancer diagnosis and death officially recorded in a central cancer registry2over a seven-year period.
Lead author, Professor Alicja Wolk, said: "These results clearly show for the first time the effect that very simple and basic daily 10 such as walking or cycling has in reducing cancer death risk in middle-aged and elderly 11 "
Dr Lesley Walker, director of cancer information at Cancer Research UK, said: "This study gives us a clear indication that men who exercise are less 12 to die from cancer, and that they are more likely to 13__the disease if they get it. It's not entirely clear from this study
what role exercise plays in preventing 14 in men, but we do know that a healthy lifestyle can prevent up to half of all cancers3-and 15 exercise forms a key part of this. "
Registry n.登记簿 lead 口巧.带头的
1.the period studied：所研究的时间段内
2.data on cancer diagnosis and death officially recorded in a central cancer registry：官方纪录在癌症中心登记簿上的癌症诊断与死亡数据
3.prevent up to half of all cancers：避免各类癌症不低于一半的数量
1.A don’t B didn’t C won’t D can’t
2.A on B for C at D by
3.A ranged B aged C ranked D listed
4.A which B who C whom D what
5.A recovering B turning C dying D surviving
6.A Dunng B Since C Despite D Between
7.A and B but C or D with
8.A mental B physical C psychological D artistic
9.A upon B towards C into D with
10.A exercise B life C work D style
11.A people B men C adults D couples
12.A possible B able C likely D apparent
13.A lose B miss C treat D survive
14.A disaster B cancer C mistakes D accidents
15.A random B rare C regular D rough
1.A 本句前面提到men who exercise omen，与他们相比较的显然应当是“不经常锻炼的男人们”，即men who don’t。
2.C look at表示“观察、研究”。
3.B between 45 and 79显然指的是这些男人的年龄，因此应选aged。
7.C 本段的第一句出现了walked or cycled，因此此处应选or一词。
8.B 短文的第二段曾出现过physical activity，因此此处应选physical一词。
10.A 根据上下文意即本句接下来给出的such as walking or cycling，不难推断此处应选exercise一词。
12.C 前面多次提到，坚持经常性运动的男人死于癌症的可能性要小，possible和likely在汉语里都可译作“可能的”，但在英语中意思区别很大，前者侧重于“存在”的客观趋势，后者侧重于对“存在”的预期，因而可以说It is possible for them to do，而不说they are possible to do，所以应选likely。
14.B 短文全篇都在谈论男人运动与患癌症的关系，此外，接下来又出现了prevent up to half of all cancers，因此此处应选cancer。