2013年职称英语等级考试(理工类C级)真题附答案和解析
日期:2014-06-20 16:33

(单词翻译:单击)

词汇选项

第1部分:词汇选项(第1~15题,每题1分,共15分)

下面每个句子中均有1个词或短语划有底横线,请为每处划线部分确定1个意义最为接近的选项。
1.I grabbed his arm and made him turn to look at me.
A.seized B.threw C.broke D.stretched
2.Traffic reaches its rush hour between 8:00 and 9:00 in the morning.
A.border B.goal C.peak D.level
3.It seemed incredible that he had been there a week already.
A.right B.obvious C.unbelievable D.unclear
4.I tried to detach myself from the reality of these terrible events.
A.bring B.separate C.put D.set
5.We found shelter from the rain under the trees.
A.defense B.standing C.protection D.room
6.This was an unexceptionally brutal attack.
A.open B.cruel C.sudden D.direct
7.She gets aggressive when she is drunk.
A.worried B.sleepy C.offensive D.anxious
8.We have to change the public’s perception that money is everything.
A.sight B.belief C.interest D.pressure
9.The odd thing was that he didn’t recognize me.
A.real B.whole C.strange D.same
10.He was tempted by the high salary offered by the company.
A.taught B.kept C.attracted D.changed
11.That performance was pretty impressive.
A.completely B.very C.beautifully D.equally
12.The frame needs to be strong enough to support the engine.
A.bottom B.surface C.top D.structure
13.She came across three children sleeping under a bridge.
A.passed by B.took a notice of C.woke up D.found by chance
14.“There is no other choice,” she said in a harsh voice.
A.firm B.soft C.deep D.unkind
15.I have little information as regards her fitness for the post.
A.about B.at C.with D.from
阅读判断
第2部分:阅读判断(第16~22题,每题1分,共7分)
下面的短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断;如果该句提供的是正确信息,请选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,请选择C。

Wide World of Robots
Engineers who build and program robots have fascinating jobs. These researchers tinker(修补)with machines in the lab and write computer software to control these devices. “They’re the best toys out there,” says Howie Choset at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh. Choset is a robotics, a person who designs, builds or programs robots.
When Choset was a kid, he was interested in anything that moved - cars, trains, animals. He put motors on Tinker toy cars to make them move. Later, in high school, he built mobile robots similar to small cars.
Hoping to continue working on robots, he studied computer science in college. But when he got to graduate school at the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, Choset’s labmates were working on something even cooler than remotely controlled cars: robotic snakes. Some robots can move only forward, backward, left and right. But snakes can twist(扭曲)in many directions and travel over a lot of different types of terrain(地形). “Snakes are far more interesting than the cars,” Choset concluded.
After he started working at Carnegie Mellon, Choset and his colleagues there began developing their own snake robots. Choset’s team programmed robots to perform the same movements as real snakes, such as sliding and inching forward. The robots also moved in ways that snakes usually don’t, such as rolling. Choset’s snake robots could crawl(爬行)through the grass, swim in a pond and even climb a flagpole.
But Choset wondered if his snakes might be useful for medicine as well. For some heart surgeries, the doctor has to open a patient’s chest, cutting through the breastbone. Recovering from these surgeries can be very painful. What if the doctor could perform the operation by instead making a small hole in the body and sending in a thin robotic snake?
Choset teamed up with Marco Zenati, a heart surgeon now at Harvard Medical School, to investigate the idea. Zenati practiced using the robot on a plastic model of the chest and then tested the robot in pigs.
A company called Medrobotics in Boston is now adapting the technology for surgeries on people.
Even after 15 years of working with his team’s creations, “I still don’t get bored of watching the motion of my robots,” Choset says.
16.Choset began to build robots in high school.
A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned
17.Snake robots could move in only four directions.
A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned
18.Choset didn’t begin developing his own snake robots until he started working at Carnegie Mellon.
A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned
19.Choset’s snake robots could make more movements than the ones others developed.
A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned
20.The application of a thin robotic snake makes heart surgeries less time-consuming.
A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned
21.Zenati tested the robot on people after using it in pigs.
A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned
22.The robotic technology for surgeries on people has brought a handsome profit to Medrobotics.
A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned
概括大意和完成句子
第3部分:概括大意和完成句子(第23~30题,每题1分,共8分)
下面的短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23 ~ 26题要求从所给的6个选项中为指定段落每段选择1个小标题;(2)第27 ~ 30题要求从所给的6个选项中为每个句子确定一个最佳选项。

Ecosystem
1 The word “ecosystem” is short for ecological(生态的)system. An ecosystem is where living creatures expand within a given area. You can say that an ecosystem is the natural environment where biological organisms(生物)such as plants, animals and humans co-exist in this wo