TPO:艾尚托福阅读 第十五期 TPO22-2
日期:2018-06-06 16:30

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艾尚托福阅读,我们一起背单词第15期:TPO22-2(1-6)

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今天我们讲解托福TPO22-2 (1-6) The Birth of Photograph 的第1题到第6题需要重点记忆的单词

1. What can be inferred from paragraphs 1 and 2 about the effect of photograph on nineteenth century painting? 摄影术对十九世纪绘画的影响是什么?

定位原文:

The realistic and naturalistic painters of the mid- and late-ninetieth century were all intently aware of photograph—as a thing to use, to learn from, and react to.

重点单词:
realistic adj. 现实的;现实主义的;逼真的 (CET4)
naturalistic adj. 自然的;自然主义的;(CET4)
intently adv. 密切地;专心地;一心一意地 (CET6)
be aware of 意识到;知道
react v. 反应;影响;reaction n.

定位原文:The realistic and naturalistic painters <of the mid- and late-ninetieth century> were all intently aware of photograph—as a thing to use, to learn from, and react to.十九世纪中期和晚期的现实主义和自然主义画家密切地关注摄影术,将它看作可以使用,学习和反应的对象。

正确选项:Painters [who were concerned with realistic or naturalistic representation] were particularly influenced by photograph. 用现实主义和自然主义表达的画家尤其受到摄影术的影响

重点单词:be concerned with 参与;从事;关心
representation n. 代表;表现; represent v.

2. According to paragraph 2 and 3, which of the following did the daguerreotype and the calotype have in common?daguerreotype 和 calotype有什么共同之处?

重点单词:have sth in common 有…共同之处

定位原文:

原文1: What was lacking was a way of giving such images permanent form. This was finally achieved by Louis Daguerre,….His discovery, the “daguerreotype”, was announced in 1839.

原文2: Talbot’s “calotype” was first negative-to-positive process and the direct ancestor of the modern photograph(permanent image).

重点单词:
image n. 影像;图像;(CET4)imagery n. 意象;形象化
permanent adj. 永久的;永恒的 (CET6)
announce v. 宣布;述说;预示(高中)
negative adj. 消极的;负的;阴性的 (CET4)
positive adj. 积极的;正的,阳性的 (CET4)
ancestor n. 祖先 (CET4)

定位原文:

原文1: What was lacking was a way of giving such images permanent form. This was finally achieved by Louis Daguerre,….His discovery, the “daguerreotype”, was announced in 1839.却少的是将这些影像永久保存下来的方式,Louis Daguerre最终做到了这一点,他发明了“daguerreotype”,并在1839年将这项发明公诸于世。

原文2: Talbot’s “calotype” was first negative-to-positive process and the direct ancestor of the modern photograph(permanent image).Talbot的 “calotype”是一种用负片洗正片的方法,这种方法是现在照片的直接鼻祖(永久影像)

正确答案:They produced a permanent image.

3. The word “duplicated” in the passage is closest in meaning to

定位原文:

The daguerreotype was a unique image that reproduced what was in front of the camera lens in minute, unselective detail and could not be duplicated.

重点单词:
unique adj. 独特的;唯一的 (高中)
lens n. 镜头
minute n. 分钟;(初中)adj. 微小的;详细的 (托福)
unselective adj. 不加以选择的 (高中)
detail n. 细节;详情 (CET4)
duplicate v. 复制;重复 (CET6)

定位原文:

The daguerreotype was a unique image [that reproduced [what was in front of the camera lens in minute, unselective detail]] and could not be duplicated.“daguerreotype”照相法能得到一张唯一独特的影像,这种影像是复制镜头前端微小的,非选择性的细节,而且不可以复印。

选项单词:

A选项:copy v. 复制;复印 (高中)
B选项:replace v. 取代;代替 (高中)
C选项:handle v. 解决;处理;(高中)deal with
D选项:clarify v. 澄清;阐明 (高中)clarify the situation

4. The phrase “its general effect” in the passage refers to

定位原文:

The calotype could be made in series, and was thus the equivalent of an etching and engraving. Its general effect was of edged and tonal.

重点单词:

in series 连续的;串联的
equivalent adj./n. 等价;相等 (CET4)
etching n. 蚀刻版画;蚀刻术;(托福)etch v.
engraving n. 雕刻,雕刻品 (托福)engrave v.
edged adj. 有刃的;有边的 (高中)edge n.
tonal adj. 色调的;音调的 (CET4)

定位原文:

The calotype could be made in series, and was thus the equivalent of an etching and engraving. Its general effect was of edged and tonal. “calotype”可以连续洗出多张照片,因此它就相当于蚀刻术和雕刻术。它整体的效果是边缘和色调。

正确选项:the calotype

5. The word “authenticity” in the passage is closest in meaning to

定位原文:

One of the things that most impressed the original audience for photography was the idea of authenticity.

重点单词:

impress v. 给予某人深刻印象(高中)impressed/impressive adj.印象深刻的 impression n. 印象;效果
original adj. 原始的;最初的;独创的 (初中)
audience n. 观众 (观众)
authenticity n. 真实性;确实性 (托福)authentic adj.

定位原文:

One of the things [that most impressed the original audience for photography] was the idea of authenticity.摄影术给最初的观众留下的最深刻的印象之一就是真实性。

选项:

A选项:improvement n. 提高;改善
B选项:practicality n. 可行性;实用性
C选项:genuineness n. 真实性 (CET4)genuine
D选项:repetition n. 重复性;repeat v.

6. What point does the author make in paragraph 6?

定位原文:

Photograph also made the whole business of making and owning images democratic. Portraiture, once a luxury for the privileged few, was suddenly well within the reach of many more people.

重点单词:

democratic adj. 民主的 (CET4) democracy n.
portraiture n. 肖像画;肖像绘制 (托福)
luxury n./adj. 奢侈;奢华 (CET4)
privileged adj. 享有特权的 (CET4)privilege v./n.
within the reach of 在够到范围之内;力所能及

定位原文:

Photograph also made the whole business of making and owning images democratic. Portraiture, once a luxury for the privileged few, was suddenly well within the reach of many more people. 摄影术让拍照和拥有自己的照片变得平民化。肖像这个一度只有少数贵族的奢侈品,突然就变成了很多人触手可及的事物。

正确选项:

Photography, unlike painting, was a type of portraiture that even ordinary people could afford(v. 付得起;承担). 不同于绘画,摄影术是一种普通人都能付得起的画像。

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