Rupert Murdoch is planning to hand over the job of chief executive at the media conglomerate 21st Century Fox to his son James, multiple people briefed on the plans said on Thursday.
几名知情人士在周四表示，鲁伯特·默多克(Rupert Murdoch)计划将传媒集团21世纪福克斯公司(21st Century Fox)首席执行官的职位让与儿子詹姆斯(James)。
James Murdoch is expected to take over as chief executive, and his 84-year-old father will remain at the company as executive chairman. Another son, Lachlan, is moving from Australia to Los Angeles to become co-executive chairman, said the people, who spoke on condition of anonymity.
The exact timing for the changes is unclear, but it is said to be part of Mr. Murdoch’s long-term succession planning with the board. The changes are expected to be discussed at a board meeting next week, one person said.
The elder Mr. Murdoch is expected to continue to provide broad strategic oversight for the company and come into the office regularly, one person said. He is not ill, and he still appears to be energized, this person added. The Murdoch family trust controls almost 40 percent of the voting shares of both 21st Century Fox and News Corporation, and Rupert Murdoch has more rights in the trust than his children.
As part of the reorganization, Chase Carey will step down from his role as chief operating officer at Fox and work as an adviser to the company. Mr. Carey, who has worked as the second-highest executive at Fox since 2009 and is widely respected on Wall Street, played an integral role in the succession plans, one person said. To ease the transition, he built flexibility into his contract with Fox last year when he agreed to a two-year contract extension through June 30, 2016.
作为重组计划的一部分，蔡斯· 凯里(Chase Carey)将卸任福克斯首席运营官，改任公司的顾问。凯里从2009年开始担任福克斯的二把手，备受华尔街推崇。一名知情人士表示，他在接班人计划中扮演不可或缺的角色。为了过渡顺利，去年与福克斯签订续约两年至2016年6月30日的合同时，他在其中融入了灵活性。
People with knowledge of the family say that James and Lachlan Murdoch have a good relationship. But while the move appears to signal that James will take control of the company, one person knowledgeable about the family dynamics, who spoke on condition of anonymity, said the announcement had not completely clarified the situation. The person said that tension could still arise over which of them would truly succeed their father, and even perhaps which will end up at 21st Century Fox, a lucrative business, and which at News Corporation, which faces the same powerful headwinds as other traditional journalism companies.
Thursday’s developments do not directly concern News Corp., the other half of the Murdoch empire, which owns The Wall Street Journal and a portfolio of British newspapers. The two companies separated in 2013. But the elevation of James Murdoch, 42, will most likely raise concerns that when his father finally steps aside completely, the print businesses may come under more skeptical scrutiny.
周四的进展没有直接涉及新闻集团。拥有《华尔街日报》(The Wall Street Journal)和一系列英国报刊的新闻集团是默多克帝国的另一半。这两家公司于2013年拆分。不过，42岁的詹姆斯·默多克的高升很可能会引发担忧：当他的父亲最终完全退出的时候，公司的传统报刊业务可能会受到更多怀疑性的审视。
The moves, first reported on Thursday by CNBC, were largely expected on Wall Street, and some analysts called James Murdoch an experienced executive who has vision for where the fast-changing world of media is headed. “James didn’t just graduate from high school,” said David Bank, a media analyst at RBC Capital Markets. “He is a pretty seasoned global media executive. His strength comes out in exactly the environment we face today and exactly the changes that we face in the ecosystem.”
CNBC于周四首先爆出了相关新闻。这些举动大体上在华尔街的意料之中。一些分析人士称詹姆斯·默多克是一名经验丰富的高管，对快速变化的媒体领域的发展趋势有着自己的见解。“詹姆斯不是刚从高中毕业的学生，”加拿大皇家银行资本市场(RBC Capital Markets)的媒体分析师戴维·班克(David Bank)说。“他是一名相当老练的全球媒体高管。 在我们今天面临的环境及我们在这个生态系统面临的变革中，他的优势恰恰能显现出来。”
No imminent changes are expected at Fox News, which is a big revenue driver and whose chief, Roger Ailes, has in the past conflicted with Lachlan Murdoch. Mr. Ailes, president of Fox News, will continue to report to Rupert Murdoch, one person briefed on the plans said.
福克斯新闻台(Fox News)不会立即出现人员变动。这家电视台是公司的一个重要收入来源，其负责人罗杰·艾尔斯(Roger Ailes)过去曾与拉克伦·默多克发生冲突。一名知情人士表示，身为福克斯新闻台董事长的艾尔斯将继续向老默多克汇报工作。
The company, for its part, said it had nothing to announce. “The matter of succession is on the agenda at our upcoming, regularly scheduled board meeting,” Nathaniel Brown, a Fox spokesman, said in a statement.
The moves were the latest in a series of incremental steps by Mr. Murdoch to ensure that his companies — publicly traded, with a combined market capitalization of nearly $80 billion — are handed over to his children. It was a prospect that seemed remote, if not impossible, a few years ago, when James had been tainted by the phone hacking scandal that engulfed the company while he oversaw the British businesses, and Lachlan showed little interest in returning permanently from his native Australia to the corporate boardrooms of Britain and the United States.
James, in particular, seemed to have a difficult path to the top ranks of the company after being battered throughout the hacking crisis that erupted in 2011. Along with his father, he was called before Parliament to answer grueling questions and discuss embarrassing emails related to the scandal. James soon departed London for New York in an effort, those close to him said, to distance himself from the fallout and rebuild his reputation.
Lachlan Murdoch decided in 2005 to leave his position as chief operating officer of News Corp., which at the time encompassed all of Rupert Murdoch’s holdings, after clashes with other executives. It was viewed, perhaps by all but his father, as a rejection of the leadership role for which he was being groomed.
But the elder Mr. Murdoch had worked over the years to bring Lachlan back to the businesses, two people with knowledge of the matter said. Last year the elder Mr. Murdoch named him nonexecutive co-chairman of News Corp. and 21st Century Fox, while elevating James to co-chief operating officer of 21st Century Fox.
James Murdoch, long seen as the most likely heir to his father, dropped out of Harvard in 1995 to start an independent music label, Rawkus Records. He subsequently moved to the family business and was widely praised for turning British Sky Broadcasting, the satellite television company, into a broader communications company.
长期以来，人们一直认为詹姆斯·默多克最有可能成为父亲的接班人。1995年，他从哈佛辍学，创建了独立音乐厂牌劳库斯唱片(Rawkus Records)。随后，他开始参与家族生意，并且因为把经营卫星电视业务的英国天空广播公司(British Sky Broadcasting)变成一家涉猎更广泛的电信企业而受到了广泛赞扬。
Some raised eyebrows when, in his 30s, he was elevated to run News Corp.’s international businesses. And their misgivings seemed justified when he became embroiled in the hacking scandal.
He appreciated his brother’s support during that scandal, two people with knowledge of their relationship said, speaking on condition of anonymity, and had encouraged Lachlan to return to the fold.
James Murdoch has long been focused on assets other than the print holdings that his father holds so dear. He encouraged Rupert Murdoch to take a small stake in Vice, a company that has grown dominant in online video. And he was often seen on 21st Century Fox’s Century City lot in California.
Rupert and James Murdoch will be based in New York. Lachlan Murdoch will be based in Los Angeles.