经济学人:中国经济:关税后的生活(1)
日期:2019-12-17 18:04

(单词翻译:单击)

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中英文本

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A year ago an economic forecasting unit in the Chinese government published an outlook for the coming year.
一年前,中国政府的一个经济预测部门发布了明年的经济展望AKDlR^]S#BT@HPsOUZf
The big worry, it concluded, was the external environment. Shipments to America, China's biggest customer, would suffer as the trade war dragged on.
其总结到,最大的担忧是外部环境RRX24rMk+SGc;1#0M=^。随着贸易战的继续,中国对其最大客户美国的出口将受到影响JynPniyg9b
China had maxed out its exports to other big countries, and others were too small to make a difference.
中国对其他大国的出口已经达到了极限,而其他国家太小,无法发挥作用rS(x18#UXQ3EEZxe+ja_
So China's boffins are, like many others, surprised by how things have gone.
因此中国的研究员和许多其他人一样,对事情的发展感到惊讶l#=Ldj=ALbI@_X85#P
Exports to America are indeed down, by nearly 15% so far this year. But exports to the rest of the world have been much stronger.
对美国的出口确实下降了,今年到目前为止下降了近15%dz2(@rqi7RBegH1M。但中国对世界其它地区的出口要强劲得多wjvc1oy!.N;@N!QMO1#W
China, it turns out, had more to sell to its big customers: exports to Europe are on track to surpass exports to America this year.
事实证明,中国有更多的东西要卖给它的大客户:今年对欧洲的出口有望超过对美国的出口qDn6I2lNG0yruR(|i80Y

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中国经济:关税后的生活(1).jpg

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Meanwhile exports to smaller markets in South-East Asia, such as Vietnam and Malaysia, have boomed.
此外,对东南亚小市场,如越南和马来西亚的出口暴涨ULOhkjQ)_ZC1tD
According to data from CPB World Trade Monitor, China's share of global exports has reached 11.9%, slightly higher than in July 2018,
根据CPB全球贸易监测,中国占全球出口的份额已达到11.9%,略高于2018年7月
when the first American tariffs hit. Sluggish imports—in part because of a domestic slowdown—
美国首次征收关税时的水平Hn~x%p&Hl4=PH|+8zkM。进口疲软—部分原因是国内经济放缓—
mean the trade surplus is set to be about a quarter bigger in 2019 than in 2018.
意味着2019年的贸易顺差将比2018年高出四分之一左右-PR03f9A3h+B8giI
One explanation for China's resilient exports is the yuan's 6% depreciation against the dollar since the trade war began.
中国出口之所以有弹性,原因之一是自贸易战开始以来,人民币兑美元贬值了6%&xT9kG](nKaX9@
That has blunted the tariffs' impact. China's currency has also weakened against other major trading partners.
这削弱了关税的影响._T%z5#65l0Syw2h[pN。人民币兑其他主要贸易伙伴的汇率也有所下降NxEm+nVbX7[KAbyR
A second is goods routed through other countries to avoid tariffs. Some sent to South-East Asia have ended up in America.
第二是通过其他国家运送货物以避免关税qRf!T[ll_kp@jep。一些被送往东南亚的货物最后到了美国3J=y6oGyAx

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译文由可可原创,仅供学习交流使用,未经许可请勿转载vnlXuhjo+Fol]g

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词语解释

1.forecast 预测
Experts are forecasting a recovery in the economy.
专家预测经济将复苏wY1b,94eY9OJ(t^QW|
2.external environment 外部环境
The external environment influences the distribution of benefits and resources very much.
外部环境对利益与资源分配影响程度很大[kCt_LlVX%8a
3.make a difference 有影响
Your support will certainly make a difference in my cause.
你的支持肯定对我的事业很有影响Rx-&_e!PbZ(1)M
4.sluggish 萧条的
The economy remains sluggish...
经济的发展仍然非常缓慢RKqPiQ_#^&Mb^

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重点单词
  • distributionn. 分发,分配,散布,分布
  • externaladj. 外部的,外面的,外来的,表面的 n. 外部,外
  • slightlyadv. 些微地,苗条地
  • recoveryn. 恢复,复原,痊愈
  • forecastn. 预测,预报 v. 预测
  • environmentn. 环境,外界
  • avoidvt. 避免,逃避
  • trackn. 小路,跑道,踪迹,轨道,乐曲 v. 跟踪,追踪
  • impactn. 冲击(力), 冲突,影响(力) vt. 挤入,压紧
  • globaladj. 全球性的,全世界的,球状的,全局的