经济学人: 回收:塑料公路 (3)
日期:2018-10-10 10:30

(单词翻译:单击)

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中英文本

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Cleaning and sorting plastic made out of multiple polymers can be relatively expensive,
清理和将多种聚合物制成的塑料进行分类的成本相对昂贵,
especially if it is used to make low value products such as packaging.
尤其是这些塑料可以被用于制造低价值的产品,如包装时HB2#jO!]Z4y
But using such plastic as a replacement for bitumen is cost-effective, claims Mr McCartney.
但是使用这种塑料作为沥青的替代品是很合算的,麦卡特尼说krCTFk*I@n@!v6g
As an example, he says that a tonne of bitumen might cost around 400 pounds ($521) in Britain.
例如,他说一公吨沥青在英国的成本约为400英镑(521美元);NUaaO7ln,SWzV7kX
A recycled-plastic additive for a standard road works out at 300-350 pounds a tonne.
标准公路的再生塑料添加剂总计为一公吨300到350英镑[7BI&dH6,2%G
The additive would replace a proportion of the bitumen, so there are savings to be made.
添加剂可替代部分沥青,因此可以有所节省wI=Elm7hCl5&Ba)
At present 5-10% of the bitumen is replaced by the additives, but this could be increased to 25%.
目前,5-10%的沥青被添加剂替代,但这个比例可增加至25%JAB3a9*z3rm=&_N[
Mr McCartney decided to develop specialist recycled-plastic additives after watching a practice sometimes employed in India to repair potholes.
在观察了印度修补坑槽的方法后,麦卡特尼决定开发专门的再生塑料添加剂M7iDz~;,Zy&
Plastic waste collected by pickers is piled into the hole and then set alight with diesel to form a molten mass.
采集者收集的塑料废物被挤进洞中,然后用柴油起火形成熔融体ML2gwsfaYLSr(j=QZ
It is crude and polluting, but it provides a fix of sorts. A number of roads in India are also made by mixing chopped-up plastic into bitumen.
这种方法粗糙且会造成污染,但提供了固定种类w)SOzEVL&PBbUI。印度很多公路也是通过将碎塑料与沥青混合制成)GgVX8gndAJ_
Australia is another country that is starting to recycle plastic into roads.
澳大利亚是另一个开始将回收塑料制成公路的国家TM6_7VCQ1@(EeJl&~i

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回收:塑料公路 (3).jpg

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Earlier this year a 300-metre stretch was completed in Rayfield Avenue, Craigieburn, a suburb of Melbourne, using a substance called Plastiphalt.
今年年初,300米长的公路在墨尔本郊区克莱基伯恩雷菲尔德大道完工,该条公路使用的是被称为Plastiphalt的物质(5_T.(js8N
This consisted of recycled material from more than 200,000 plastic bags and packaging, 63,000 crushed glass bottles and toner from 4,500 printer cartridges.
其中包含来自20多万个塑料袋和包装的回收材料、63000个碎玻璃罐以及来自4500个打印机墨盒的调色剂ytjSkp(9]#nSqEm
All this was blended into 50 tonnes of reclaimed asphalt to create a total of 250 tonnes of road-building material.
所有这些都融入进了50公吨再生柏油中,制成总共250公吨的公路建造材料gS)JYRD[Y31
The road will be monitored to see how it performs.
将对这条公路进行监控看它的表现如何d))9F^aLpWL^=l,cdNp
Stuart Billing of Downer, a firm involved in constructing the road, said that
参与建造这条公路的公司Stuart Billing of Downer表示
the cost of using the recycled materials was comparable with building a road in the usual way.
使用回收材料的成本与建造公路的常用方法相当Bpib~wO4GnE
But the road is expected to last a lot longer and prove better at coping with heavy traffic.
但是这条公路有望维持更久一点,事实证明它在应对交通拥挤上的表现更好R2]%BQm);o,]^Zl9
Officials in Craigieburn reckon that the amount of rubbish used to construct the road, all of which was diverted from land-fill,
克莱基伯恩的官员估计用于建造公路的垃圾总量(这些垃圾都是来自垃圾填埋场)
is equivalent to what Rayfield Avenue's residents would have put into their recycling bins over the past ten years.
和菲尔德大道居民在过去十年内扔进回收桶的垃圾总量相当[wwv,yv7obI
One of the biggest complaints to local councils is about the state of the roads, especially potholes.
对市政委员会最大的投诉之一就是关于该地的公路,尤其是坑槽ZPRt0hfT!;^JkWO*DQ
Households in Australia and elsewhere might well do more sorting and recycling of plastic if they knew it could result in a smoother drive.
对澳大利亚和各地的家庭来说,如果他们知道垃圾最终会进入路面平整机中的话,他们很可能会对垃圾进行分类并对塑料进行回收KwFmCxEFuJR

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译文由可可原创,仅供学习交流使用,未经许可请勿转载u[e,F~oaZ~|H8%qJGj

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词语解释

1.cost-effective 有成本效益的
The bank must be run in a cost-effective way.
银行必须以有成本效益的方式经营SKlLkw[(A.
2.work out 总计为
The price per pound works out at $3.20.
每磅的价格总计为$3.20SMB~oz|LD@xOt*
3.reclaimed 回收的
Maximize the use of local, reclaimed and recycled materials, and use materials with low embodied energy.
最大限度的使用当地的,再生的和回收的材料和低体现能的材料knNEo=(%Qwc|
4.be equivalent to 相等于
This is equivalent to losing half a month from each lifespan.
这相当于每个人损失了半个月的寿命u,_fN[h+HJlj

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重点单词
  • multipleadj. 许多,多种多样的 n. 倍数,并联
  • substancen. 物质,实质,内容,重要性,财产
  • recyclevt. 使再循环,再利用,再制 vi. 循环 n. 再循
  • maximizev. 取 ... 最大值,最佳化,对 ... 极为重视
  • alightvi. 落下,走下,偶然发现 adj. 燃烧的,点亮的
  • replacementn. 更换,接替者
  • massn. 块,大量,众多 adj. 群众的,大规模的 v.
  • replacevt. 取代,更换,将物品放回原处
  • comparableadj. 可比较的,比得上的
  • equivalentadj. 等价的,相等的 n. 相等物