托福TPO-48 Lecture 4-1
日期:2017-02-13 12:48

(单词翻译:单击)

Listen to part of a lecture in an American History class.
请听美国历史课上的部分内容。
We’ve been talking about the transformation---the industrialization of United States economy in the 19th century.
我们一直在讲转型——19世纪美国经济的工业化。
As the country shifted from an agricultural to an industrial base, political power shifted too.
随着这个国家从一个农业国转变成一个工业国,其政治权利也发生了改变。
Businesses became...a lot of power went...went...went...went from the government into the hands of business leaders.
企业成为......很多权利从政府转移到了商业领袖的手里。
So why did this happen? How did an elite group, a few business giants,
为什么会发生这种情况呢?一群精英人士,几个商业大亨
how did they end up dominating,controlling a number of important national industries in the last quarter of the 19th century?
是如何在19世纪最后二十几年获得支配控制一大批重要的国家产业的权利的呢?
How did they get to be so dominant? How did they figure out?
他们如何变得如此有优势的?他们怎么做到的?
How did they take advantage of the new industrialization of American society?
他们是如何利用美国社会的新工业化的呢?
Well, consider the example of Andrew Carnegie and the steel industry.
我们来看看Andrew Carnegie和钢铁产业的例子吧。
We have already discussed the development of a national network...
我们已经讨论过了一个全国网络......
a national system of railroads, well, this growth crated a tremendous demand for steel.
全国铁路系统的发展,这种发展产生了对钢铁的巨大需求。

分享到