099. 听下面材料，回答第(1)--(5) 题。
This is the BBC in London. Here is the news at ten.
South Korea has the most effective edudation system of the world's richest countries, with Japan in the second place and the United States and Germany near the bottom, a United Nation's study said Tuesday. The ranking provides a comparison of the developed world.
The study is based not on how many students reach what level of education, but on testing what pupils actually know and what they are able to do, including their abilities in reading, math and science.
Germany, with its strong eucational tradition, occupies the 19th place out of 24 nations, just behind the United States in 18th place.
An American government official said, "Our schools are simply not good enough and they don't compare well with systems in other countries."
"It is clear that educational disadvantage is born not at school but in the home," said the report. "Learning begins at birth and is encouraged by a loving, stimulating environment."
(1) math and science
(2) South Korea
(4) The United States/America