2020年9月英语六级听力真题 录音(3)
日期:2020-10-10 10:29

(单词翻译:单击)

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Recording three.

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录音三

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Virtually every American can recognize a dollar bill at a mere glance.

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几乎所有美国人一眼就能认出美元vrrJwBL83,[;MHKAGkhv

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Many can identify it by its sound or texture, but few people indeed can accurately describe the world's most powerful, important currency.

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许多人可以通过它的声音或纹理来识别它,但很少有人能真正准确地描述出这个世界上最强大、最重要的货币ZN7RaOOh-HMm

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The American dollar bill is colored with black ink on one side and green on the other, the exact composition of the paper and ink is a closely guarded government secret.

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美元钞票的一面是黑色墨水,另一面是绿色,纸张和墨水的确切成分是政府严格保守的秘密bTqW~sVRqof[YVa=8wV

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Despite its weighty importance, the dollar bill actually weighs little.

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尽管美钞很重要,但它实际上并不重Ct^8,33FPou!;VEY5

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It requires nearly 500 bills to tip the scales at a pound.

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需要近500美元才能重达一磅wuDLkinueu!)

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Not only is the dollar bill lightweight, but it also has a brief lifespan.

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美钞不仅重量轻,而且使用寿命短ki]sh-uXJS

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Few dollar bills survive longer than 18 months.

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很少有美钞能保存超过18个月rQ#^v*2!hFt

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The word "dollar" is taken from the German word "taler," the name for the world's most important currency in the 16th century.

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“美元”一词来源于德语“泰勒”——16世纪世界上最重要的货币XQ&]2O!7(1,hh_L

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The taler was a silver coin first minted in 1518 under the reign of Charles the 5th, emperor of Germany.

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泰勒是一种银币,于1518年德国皇帝查理五世统治时期首次铸造Bk3#]^OmSQ5)bxr)5e~7

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The concept of paper money is a relatively recent innovation in the history of American currency.

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纸币这个概念是美国货币历史上一个相对较新的创新IcRIb(Z4zTFUWoLH_*

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When the constitution was signed, people had little regard for paper money because of its steadily decreasing value during the colonial era.

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当宪法签署的时候,人们很少重视纸币,因为在殖民时期纸币的价值在不断下降J]7UpxJuLqAu

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Because of this lack of faith, the new American government minted only coins for common currency.

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由于缺乏这种信心,新的美国政府只铸造硬币作为通用货币N2wY)b!p^m.HLL6Eyl4

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Interest-bearing bank notes were issued at the same time, but their purpose was limited to providing money for urgent government crises, such as American involvement in the war of 1812.

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同时发行有利息的银行票据,但是他们的目的仅限于为紧急的政府危机提供资金,比如美国卷入1812年的战争rXPZn.qNAVB4W

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The first noninterest-bearing paper currency was authorized by congress in 1862, at the height of the civil war.

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1862年,国会批准发行了第一种无息纸币,恰逢内战最激烈的时候!L1I]^^]twCy]]T-h2S

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At this point, citizens, old fears of devalued paper currency had calmed, and the dollar bill was born.

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那时候,市民们对纸币贬值的恐惧已经平息,美元纸币随之诞生~=*8In@1qE(87(Q,UC)

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The new green colored paper money quickly earned the nickname "greenback."

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这种新的绿色纸币很快获得了“美钞”这个绰号)rB~jbUAcs

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Today, the American dollar bill is a product of the federal reserve and is issued from the 12 federal reserve banks around the United States.

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今天,美元钞票是美联储的产品,由美国各地的12家联邦储备银行发行+ob1&y#*ZoW&u

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The government keeps a steady supply of approximately 2 billion bills in circulation at all times.

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政府始终保持着约20亿张流通钞票的稳定供应Dtl=io^K~L#_mj6P

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Controversy continues to surround the true value of the dollar bill.

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围绕美元纸币的真正价值的争论仍在继续,+T.~8#N&8pTC[d

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American history has seen generations of politicians argue in favor of a gold standard for American currency.

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在美国历史上,几代政治家都支持美国货币的金本位制b04A-NhGx0@Reyedr(d

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However, for the present, the American dollar bill holds the value that is printed on it and little more.

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然而,就目前而言,美元钞票只持有它上面所印的价值=|V@42CF]Qr

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The only other guarantee on the bill is a federal reserve pledge as a confirmation in the form of government securities.

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美元唯一的其他担保是美联储以政府证券形式所做的抵押品ZuDU,Ugv%.

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22. What does the speaker say about the American dollar bill?

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22. 关于美钞,说话者说了什么?

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23. What does the speaker say about the exact composition of the American dollar bill?

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23. 关于美钞的确切构成,说话者说了些什么?

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24. Why did the new American government mint only coins for common currency?

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24. 为什么新的美国政府只铸造硬币作为通用货币?

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25. What have generations of American politicians argued for?

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25. 几代美国政治家都在争论什么?

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