The advantages and disadvantages of living in the 21st century
Living in the 21st century offers certain advantages, such as a higher standard of living, but it also has some disadvantages, such as a polluted environment.
To begin with, most people now have more money for less hard work. They earn higher salaries than before and enjoy better social security, such as social welfare for laid-off workers and disability insurance.
Secondly, because of the advance in medical technology which leads to better medical care and treatment, people's life expectancy is longer. Moreover, most people now can afford to buy foods of high nutrition and enjoy their leisure time.
Thirdly, modern conveniences such as radio, tv, inter-net, various vehicles and labour-saving machines in the home, all greatly facilitate human communication, transportation and housework as well.
Nevertheless, living in the 21st century also has its disadvantages. The most serious one is the increasingly polluted environment; air is filled with smog and water is contaminated by chemicals from factories. Another main disadvantage is the depersonalization of human relationships which mostly results from people’s ever-increasing contact with machines and numbers . still one more disadvantage is the weakening of spiritual values . an undeniable fact is that a large number of people are solely interested in materialistic culture, while neglecting spiritual civilization. Limited by space, we have to skip the examples.
In conclusion, although the 21st century has indeed given us a lot of advantages, it may not have made us wiser, because it has also made our earth dirtier, our people less humane, and our spiritual life poorer. We should continue to enjoy the benefits of technological advancement, however, we must make a concerted effort to preserve our natural environment for future gene rations. Moreover, we should take the time now to make our lives more meaningful in an increasingly impersonal, computerized world.
本文是一篇议论文, 文中首先概述了生活在21世纪的优缺点, 然后在主体部分分述了三大优点和三大缺点。注意作者的表达次序的写法为“to begin with..., secondly..., thirdly... nevertheless.... the most serious one..., another main disadvantage is..., still one mor e disadvantage is...”以避免重复同样的表达。本文的结论是在享受本世纪的各种有利条件的同时必须克服存在的问题, 多为下一代着想。本文篇幅较长, 文字难度较大, 适合于六级、考研和雅思或英语专业四级水平的学生。
depersonalization of human relationships 人际关系的冷漠
weakening of spiritual values 淡化精神价值
social security 社会安全
laid-off workers 下岗工人
disability insur ance 残疾人保险
life expectancy 期望寿命
facilitate v . 使容易
smog = smoke and fog
contaminate v. 污染
undeniable a. 不可否认的
solely ad. 仅
materialistic culture 物质文化
spitritual civilization 精神文明
humane a. 人道的
impersonal, computerized world 与人无关的、计算机化的世界