Millions of people are struggling to understand their paychecks or calculate money in shops, campaigners have said. Being bad at maths should no longer be seen as a “badge of honor” or down to genetics, according to National Numeracy, a new organization which aims to challenge the nation’s negative view of the subject. Chris Humphries, chairman of the group, said that poor maths skills can affect an individual’s life, leaving them at a higher risk of being excluded from school or out of work. “Figures from a government survey, published last year, show that 17 million adults in England have basic maths skills that are, at best, the same as an 11-year-old,” he said. Speaking at the lounge of National Numeracy, Mr. Humphries said, “That’s a scary figure, because what it means is they often can’t calculate or give change.” Mike Ellicock, chief executive of National Numeracy, said: “We want to challenge this ‘I can’t do maths’ attitude that is prevalent in the UK,” adding that it was vital that all primary school teachers understand key maths concepts, as young children who fail to learn the basics will suffer later on.
活动人士称，数以百万计的人正在努力理解自己的薪水，或在商店里计算金钱 。据旨在挑战国民对数学负面看法的新组织“全国计算”称，数学不好不应再被视为一种“荣誉勋章”或遗传因素 。克里斯·汉弗莱斯表示，糟糕的数学技能会影响一个人的生活，使他们更有可能被学校开除或失业 。“去年公布的一项政府调查数据显示，英国有1700万成年人拥有基本的数学技能，顶多相当于一个11岁的孩子，”他说 。汉弗莱斯先生在英国国家数学能力中心的休息室里说，“这是一个可怕的数字，因为这意味着他们经常无法计算或给出改变 。”英国国家计算协会首席执行官迈克•艾里科克表示：“我们想挑战英国普遍存在的‘我不会数学’态度 。”他补充说，所有小学老师都要理解关键的数学概念，这一点至关重要，因为没有掌握基础知识的儿童以后会受到影响 。
Questions 3 and 4 are based on the news report you've just heard.
3.What does the organization National Numeracy aim to do?
4.What is vital according to the chief executive of National Numeracy?