Have you ever heard of the Vikings?
They were sea travelers from Norway.
More than 1,000 years ago, they made three important geographical discoveries.
The Vikings' first major discovery occurred in the 9th century.
A man called Naddodd was on his way from Norway to the Faroe Islands, north of England, when his ship was caught in a storm.
The storm blew the ship west for several days.
When the weather cleared, Naddodd found himself on the coast of a new land.
Later, Viking travelers named it Iceland.
In 982, a Viking called Eric the Red, sailed west in search of new land.
500 miles west of Iceland, he and his men reached an icy rocky massive land.
They sailed around it until they reached the western side.
Here, they found some green areas, so they named the island Greenland.
Then, in 1001, the Vikings made their most important discovery.
The son of Eric the Red named Leif Erikson had heard the rumors about the land west of Greenland.
He sailed west and soon found it. He and his men landed in three places.
They called the first one Helluland, which means land of flat stone.
The Vikings then sailed south and made their second landing.
They named this place Markland.
Their third landing was at a place they called Vinland.
Leif Erikson and his men were the first Europeans to walk on the shores of North America,
almost five hundred years earlier than Columbus.
Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard.
Question 19. What do we learn about the Vikings?
Question 20. What does the passage say about the Greenland?
Question 21. What does the speaker mainly talk about?