VOA常速(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国参议院民主党人提议进行国际税收改革
日期:2021-04-08 09:14

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Tensions appear to have been eased between Jordan's King Abdullah II and his half brother, Prince Hamzah, days after the prince was accused of involvement in an attempt to destabilize the kingdom. The assessment came after a meeting Monday between Abdullah's paternal uncle, Hassan, and Hamzah. Also in attendance for the mediation was Hamzah's brother, Hashem, and three of their cousins. Hamzah later issued a signed statement. It said in a quote, "In light of the developments of the past two days, I put myself at the disposal of His Majesty the King." The prince added he would remain loyal to the king and to Jordan's constitution. Earlier in the day, Hamzah struck a defiant tone, saying he would not stay at home despite what he said was a government order for him to do so. He also said he would not stop communicating with the outside world. Officials in Jordan had accused Hamzah of a "malicious plot" against the government. Hamzah denies involvement, saying he is being targeted for speaking out against corruption and ineffective governance. At least 14 people have been arrested in connection with the alleged conspiracy.

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Top Democrats on the Senate Finance Committee on Monday proposed major shifts in former President Donald Trump's 2017 tax reforms to eliminate what they say are incentives for companies to move operations overseas and shift profits to tax haven countries. The plan parallels some of the corporate tax hike proposals announced last week by President Joe Biden to finance $2 trillion in U.S. infrastructure investment. The senators are targeting provisions in a law that governs how companies' foreign income is taxed. The Democratic plan would not repeal those taxes but modify them to move them closer to the main corporate rate. The plans would create new incentives for investment in jobs in the United States. The proposal will likely face strong opposition from Republicans, who criticize Mr. Biden's plans to roll back their party's Trump-era legislative achievement as putting U.S. companies at a competitive disadvantage. It could pass with only Democratic votes as part of Biden's larger infrastructure plan, but this would require all 50 Senate Democrats to support it. Via remote, I'm Marissa Melton, VOA news.

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重点解析

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1. Also in attendance for the mediation was Hamzah's brother, Hashem, and three of their cousins.

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in attendance 到(某地);出席(某活动)

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Several heads of state were in attendance at the funeral.

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有几位国家元首出席了葬礼!_ECYlB*+~j2JB*R;!!y

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2. Top Democrats on the Senate Finance Committee on Monday proposed major shifts in former President Donald Trump's 2017 tax reforms to eliminate what they say are incentives for companies to move operations overseas and shift profits to tax haven countries.

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tax haven 避税港

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Meanwhile, more and more American businesses are using the island as a tax haven.

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同时,越来越多的美国企业将海岛当作避税港gJ)!G)FeZE|S

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参考翻译

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约旦国王阿卜杜拉二世和他同父异母的兄弟哈姆扎赫王子之间的紧张关系似乎有所缓和,几天前,哈姆扎赫王子被控卷入破坏约旦王国稳定的企图ywk[kdRDeg=3(_#Pq2&[。该看法是在阿卜杜拉的叔父哈桑和哈姆扎赫周一举行会议之后得出的Nx~9LFMHeM|K&*%.Eoe。哈姆扎赫的兄弟哈希姆和他们的三个表兄弟也出席了调解jgJb.fC22t]O~SXse。哈姆扎赫后来发表了一份署名声明[s_&+YUYYf3_]。声明中写道:“鉴于过去两天的事态发展,我将任由国王陛下处置0Ax0Q[aRj3m1。”王子补充说,他将继续忠于国王和约旦宪法.s)piii6b|Z[U=_N&。当天早些时候,哈姆扎赫用挑衅的口吻说自己不会呆在家里,尽管政府命令他命令他这样做WnL^+C=KV;&。他还表示不会停止与外界的沟通S&4HcmZur]r8!23UP。约旦官员指责哈姆扎赫“恶意密谋”反对政府(rcAc6_9PO6CqYpulBQ。哈姆扎赫否认参与此事,称自己因公开反对腐败和治理不力而成为众矢之的&;+d6Uf9u%。至少有14人因涉嫌参与阴谋而被捕jb0ToeMx%gCnGhM[C5HE

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参议院金融委员会的民主党高层周一提议对前总统特朗普2017年的税收改革进行重大转变,取消鼓励企业将业务转移到海外,并将利润转移到避税国的激励措施Fx4K9iSD4PXeZwD-.[Y。这项计划与美国总统拜登上周宣布的一些企业增税提议相似,拜登提议为美国基础设施投资2万亿美元t3WKON4TbIJQ。参议员们的目标是制定一项管理公司海外收入如何征税的法律条款Ng5&)I)Fl5kSHfRy-*@|。民主党的计划不会废除这些税收,而是对其进行修改,使其更接近主要企业税率sLewkp=%=]xc=j2D。这些计划将为美国的就业投资创造新的激励机制HZd@xV;5a]_。这一提议很可能会遭到共和党人的强烈反对,共和党人批评拜登计划撤销特朗普执政时的共和党立法成就,认为这将使美国企业处于竞争劣势*DlzRRT;MD+E]6zb8+k。作为拜登更大的基础设施计划的一部分,这项计划只能在民主党人的支持下通过,但这需要参议院所有50名民主党人的支持Sxx70ubjl4b0GxIe。我是玛丽莎·梅尔顿,为您远程报道美国之音新闻ibRW5cNaLY

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