Turkey is seeing some of its biggest student protests in years. The unrest started when the Turkish government imposed its choice for who should run one of the country's premier universities, breaking a long tradition of independence. Scores of people have now been arrested, and the protests continue, with authorities worried the unrest could spread. NPR's Peter Kenyon reports both students and faculty oppose the move.
PETER KENYON, BYLINE: The university is named Bogazici, which is Turkish for the Bosporus Strait. It's been one of the city's elite universities since its founding as an American school in the 1860s. For the past 50 years, it's been a Turkish state university. The school's leaders have always been chosen by internal election, until now. President Recep Tayyip Erdogan's government announced in January that it was installing Melih Bulu, a local official from Erdogan's ruling AK Party, to head the university.
(SOUNDBITE OF PROTEST)
UNIDENTIFIED PROTESTERS: (Chanting in non-English language).
KENYON: Protests broke out on campus, and they were met with a massive police presence. Interior Minister Suleyman Soylu, in a television interview, likened the demonstrators to a mob bent on destruction.
(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)
SULEYMAN SOYLU: (Speaking non-English language)
KENYON: He said they brought gridlock to the university, calling the demonstrators, quote, "a rampaging minority trying to turn this place into an ideological center." But neither official outrage nor police intervention seems to have dampened the protesters' enthusiasm. One of them is Can Candan, a lecturer at Bogazici. He says it's no surprise that there's been widespread outrage at the government's move to abruptly end a 150-year-old tradition of the university selecting its own leaders.
CAN CANDAN: And this appointment of a new rector, somebody we know nothing about, after a process in which nobody asked our opinion or input or our vote, is unacceptable to us.
KENYON: Amid the tensions, the interior minister tweeted a photo of an LGBT poster displayed at one of the protests, saying Turkey shouldn't have to tolerate the demands of, quote, "LGBT deviants." His tweet was tagged by Twitter for violating its rules on hateful conduct.
I reached Bogazici student Ihsan Ozdemir at an Istanbul bus stop waiting for a ride to campus. He said students were astonished at Soylu's comment.
IHSAN OZDEMIR: It was a horrible statement, I think. We couldn't believe that. I mean, the interior minister is supposed to hold the peace in the country, but he was targeting a group of people who are already disadvantaged in this country.
KENYON: Despite the large number of detentions, Ozdemir says they're not wavering in their demands.
OZDEMIR: We want all appointed rectors to leave their positions and all universities make a — have an election and choose their rectors. And we want our friends to be freed. I mean, we want everyone to be freed. We did not do anything unlawful.
KENYON: Candan, the faculty member, says ever since the 2013 Gezi protests over building on a city park which mushroomed into a broad anti-government protest, there's been an ongoing assault on Turkish institutions with a history of upholding secular, liberal values. He says there aren't many left.
CANDAN: Obviously, the judiciary has been under attack for a long time. And institutions of higher education also have been under attack for a long time since — especially since 2016, with the failed coup attempt followed by the state of emergency.
KENYON: Several thousand academics were among those sacked after the coup attempt. So far, the government has taken a hard line, dismissing criticism from the U.S. and European Union. Today, Turkish police arrested scores more people in connection with the protests. Peter Kenyon, NPR News, Istanbul.
土耳其正在经历数年来规模最大的学生抗议活动 。骚乱始于土耳其政府强行决定该国其中一所一流大学的管理者，这打破了长期的独立传统 。目前已有数十人被捕，而抗议活动仍在继续，有关部门担心骚乱可能进一步蔓延 。据NPR新闻的彼得·肯扬报道，学生和教师都反对这一举措 。
彼得·肯扬连线：这所大学名为海峡大学，因坐落于土耳其博斯普鲁斯海峡而得名 。这所大学成立于19世纪60年代，当时是所美国学校，该大学自成立起一直是所在城市的精英大学之一 。50年前，这所大学改为土耳其国立大学 。在此之前，学校领导一直通过内部选举产生 。总统雷杰普·塔伊普·埃尔多安领导的政府今年1月宣布，将任命埃尔多安执政党正义与发展党（简称AK）地方官员梅利赫·布鲁担任该校校长 。
肯扬：校园里爆发了抗议活动，抗议者与大批警察发生冲突 。内政部长苏莱曼·索伊卢在接受电视采访时将示威者比作一伙一心想搞破坏的暴徒 。
肯扬：他表示，抗议者导致大学陷入堵塞状态，并称示威者是“试图将这个地方变成意识形态中心的狂暴的少数群体 。”但无论是官方的愤怒还是警方的干预似乎都没能挫伤抗议者的热情 。海峡大学的讲师肯·坎丹是其中一名抗议者 。他表示，人们对政府突然结束150年来大学自主选拔领导人的传统感到愤怒并不奇怪 。
肯扬：在紧张局势中，内政部长在推特上发布了一张在其中一次抗议活动中展示的LGBT海报的照片，称土耳其不应该容忍“LGBT失常者”的要求 。他的推文被推特标记为违反仇恨行为规定 。
我在伊斯坦布尔一个公共汽车站采访了海峡大学的学生伊桑·奥兹德米尔，他正在等车去学校 。他说学生们对索伊卢的评论感到惊讶 。
伊赫·奥兹德米尔：我认为这是一个可怕的声明 。我们简直不敢相信 。内政部长应该维持国家的和平，但他针对的是一群在这个国家已经处于不利地位的人 。
奥兹德米尔：我们希望所有被任命的校长离职，所有大学都进行选举，自行选出校长 。我们想让我们的朋友得到自由 。我们希望每个人都能自由 。我们没有做任何违法的事 。
肯扬：教师坎丹表示，自2013年反对在城市公园建楼的盖齐抗议活动爆发，并迅速发展成广泛的反政府抗议以来，维护世俗自由价值观的土耳其机构就一直遭受攻击 。他说，现在这类机构已经所剩不多 。
坎丹：很明显，司法机构长期以来一直遭受攻击 。而高等教育机构也在此后很长一段时间受到攻击——特别是2016年以来，当时政变未遂之后国家进入紧急状态 。
肯扬：政变未遂后被解雇的人中有数千名学者 。到目前为止，土耳其政府采取强硬态度，驳斥了来自美国和欧盟的批评 。今天，土耳其警方逮捕了更多与抗议活动有关的人 。NPR新闻，彼得·肯扬伊斯坦布尔报道 。
1. break out （战争、战斗或疾病）爆发；
A fight broke out between rival groups of fans.
2. liken to 把…比作；把…比拟为；
She likens marriage to slavery.
3. be bent on （尤指做不好的事情）决意的，下定决心的;
He's bent on suicide.
4. in connection with 关于；与…有关；
A man has been arrested in connection with the robbery.