Next, an editorial reflecting the views of the United States government. Among his first actions in office, President Joe Biden proposed a five-year extension of the New START Treaty, the last remaining nuclear arms control agreement between the United States and Russia. The treaty is set to expire on February 5. In their first phone call, President Biden and Russian President Vladimir Putin discussed their countries’ willingness to extend New START, and they agreed to have their teams “work urgently to complete the extension by February 5,” the White House said in a January 26 readout of the call. The day after the two presidents spoke, both houses of the Russian parliament voted unanimously to extend the treaty for five years. The New START treaty was signed in 2010 by President Barack Obama and Russian President Dmitry Medvedev. It limits each country to 1550 deployed nuclear warheads and 700 deployed missiles and bombers, and 800 deployed and non-deployed ICBM and SLBM launchers and bombers. It also allows for extensive on-site inspections to verify compliance. White House Spokesperson Jen Psaki noted in a briefing to reporters that “New START is the only remaining treaty constraining Russian nuclear forces and is an anchor of strategic stability between our two countries.”
Pentagon Press Secretary John Kirby said that Russia’s compliance with the New START treaty “has served our national security interests well, and Americans are much safer with New START intact and extended.” He added, “Extending the treaty’s limitations on stockpiles of strategic nuclear weapons until 2026 allows time and space for our two nations to explore new verifiable arms control arrangements that could further reduce risks to Americans.” The United States remains clear-eyed about the challenges Russia presents, however, and the potential for arms control to contend with China’s rapidly growing nuclear arsenal. In the call with President Putin, besides discussing the extension of the New START, President Biden raised several destabilizing actions on Russia’s part, including its threats to Ukraine’s sovereignty; the SolarWinds cyber hack that compromised companies and U.S. government agencies; interference in the 2020 U.S. election; reports of Russia’s placing bounties on U.S. soldiers in Afghanistan; and the poisoning of Russian dissident Aleksey Navalny. President Biden told reporters, “I find that we can both operate in the mutual self-interest of our countries, as a new START agreement, and make it clear to Russia that we are very concerned about their behavior.” That was an editorial reflecting the views of the United States government.
1. The treaty is set to expire on February 5.
(be) set to 被定在
Be set to leave by 10 o'clock.
2. The United States remains clear-eyed about the challenges Russia presents, however, and the potential for arms control to contend with China’s rapidly growing nuclear arsenal.
Defence starts with a clear-eyed assessment of what technology is likely to prove the most vital.
以下是一篇反映美国政府政策立场的社论。拜登总统建议将《新削减战略武器条约》这个美国与俄罗斯之间仅存的核武控制条约延长五年，这是他上任后采取的首批行动之一 。该条约计划于2月5日到期 。拜登总统与俄罗斯总统普京的第一次通话中讨论了两国延长《新削减战略武器条约》的意愿 。白宫1月26日介绍本次通话内容时说，他们同意让各自团队“紧急工作，在2月5日前完成条约的延长 。”两位总统通话的第二天，俄罗斯联邦议会两院一致表决通过将条约延长五年 。《新削减战略武器条约》是奥巴马总统与俄罗斯总统梅德韦杰夫在2010年签署的 。该条约规定美俄两国各自部署的核弹头不得超过1550枚，部署的导弹和轰炸机不得超过700个，部署与非部署的洲际弹道导弹、潜射弹道导弹发射器和轰炸机的数量不得超过800个 。条约同时允许相互进行现场检查，以核实条约是否得到执行 。白宫发言人莎琪在例行记者会上说，“《新削减战略武器条约》是约束俄罗斯核力量的唯一仅存条约，也是我们两国之间战略稳定的根基 。”
国防部发言人柯比表示，俄罗斯对《新削减战略武器条约》的遵守“十分符合我们国家安全利益的需要，《新削减战略武器条约》保持不变并得到延长会极大提高美国人的安全。”柯比并指出，“通过条约将战略核武器库存的限制延长到2026年，让我们两国有时间和空间来探讨新的可核查的军控条约，以进一步降低美国人面临的危险 。”但美国依然清楚意识到俄罗斯构成的挑战，以及未来可能通过军备控制来应对中国快速发展的核力量 。拜登总统在与普京总统的通话中除了讨论延长《新削减战略武器条约》之外，还提到了俄罗斯几个破坏稳定的行动，包括俄罗斯对乌克兰主权的威胁；对公司和美国政府机构发动的太阳风网络攻击；对2020年美国选举的干预；俄罗斯悬赏杀害美国驻阿富汗军人的报道；对俄罗斯异议人士纳瓦尔尼下毒等 。拜登总统对记者说，“我发现我们通过一个《新削减战略武器条约》，双方能够本着我们两国的彼此自我利益来运作，同时又对俄罗斯明确指出，我们对他们的行为感到非常关切 。”这是一篇反映美国政府政策立场的社论 。