VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):八国签署美国主导的探月协议
日期:2020-10-21 15:21

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Eight Nations Sign US-led Artemis Moon Agreements
Eight countries have signed an international agreement for moon exploration called the Artemis Accords.
The U.S. space agency, NASA, announced the agreement last week. NASA is trying to create rules for building long-term human settlements on the moon's surface.
The agreement is named after NASA's Artemis moon project. It seeks to build on existing international space law by creating "safety zones." These zones would surround future moon bases to prevent conflict between states operating there. It would also permit private companies to own the lunar resources they find.
The United States, Australia, Canada, Japan, Luxembourg, Italy, the United Kingdom, and the United Arab Emirates signed the agreements. Officials met during a yearly conference on space that took place last week. The deal followed months of talks in a U.S. effort to build allies under its plan to return astronauts to the moon by 2024.
"What we're trying to do is establish norms of behavior that every nation can agree to," NASA administrator Jim Bridenstine told reporters. He said the agreements accept a 1967 treaty that says the moon and other planets cannot be claimed for national ownership.
Bridenstein said the agreements create the "the broadest, most inclusive, largest coalition of human spaceflight in the history of humankind."
The governments of the United States and other countries that have space programs consider the moon important to their long-term goals. The moon has value for scientific research that could make possible future missions to Mars. However, these activities are subject to international space law that many experts consider outdated.
In 2019, U.S. Vice President Mike Pence directed NASA to return humans to the moon by 2024. This cut in half the amount of time the agency had planned to take. The goal now is for humans to live on the moon for a long time.
The NASA program is expected to cost billions of dollars. It will send robotic vehicles to the moon before a human being.
NASA also plans to build a space station that will orbit the moon. Plans call for it to be built by companies supervised by NASA and international partners.
I'm Susan Shand.

重点解析

1.agreement n.协议

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The two men had not reached agreement on any issues.
两人还未就任何议题达成协议yc1S02]|=a4t

2.partner n. 伙伴

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He's a partner in a Chicago law firm.
他是芝加哥一家律师事务所的合伙人HYo[=h%|N~E,F

3.broadest adj.宽广的

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In the broadest sense, our beliefs shape the way we experience our lives.
总体而言,信念决定了我们对生活的体验genyMzzlIAcEvm

4.settlement n.解决

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She claims he ratted on their divorce settlement.
她声称他违反了他们的离婚协议YN7D_;ya@vYI)W5

5.Officials met during a yearly conference on space that took place last week.

take place 发生

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Peace talks failed to take place because of a dispute over the venue.
由于在谈判地点上存在分歧,和平谈判未能举行_jKq&1~8Igj4M
The meeting will take place as planned.
会议将按预定的计划进行Mq0S%3QicyN[;CN

6.The goal now is for humans to live on the moon for a long time.

for a long time 长时间的

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We haven't corresponded for a long time.
我们好久没有通信了~Glq*8rNe)
This account has remained unsettled for a long time.
这笔账悬了好久了y+w-FX5eH7%Zjjsag%

参考译文

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八国签署美国主导的阿尔忒弥斯探月协议
八个国家签署了一项名为《阿尔忒弥斯协议》的国际探月协议iLjD_7LjU~9Ee3[9I
美国宇航局上周公布了这一协议cXaiI)C!iM;4pfOJ。美国宇航局正试图为在月球表面建立长期人类居住区制定规则GQkZq1(%f[Unzozcy
该协议以美国宇航局的阿尔忒弥斯登月计划而命名UobCGXzJ4PdMpUjKz。它试图在现有国际空间法的基础上建立“安全区Kou~f64OtD!@cC7n。”这些区域将会围绕未来的月球基地,以防止在月球运作的各国发生冲突N1td5.rRo2[(BAzZ^f-]。它还将允许私人公司拥有他们发现的月球资源JkWq4(@abWYc
美国、澳大利亚、加拿大、日本、卢森堡、意大利、英国和阿联酋签署了这份协议]g6i*ujXiV。有关官员在上周举行的年度太空会议上会面RA.*v[6-b!k。这份协议公布之前,美国根据其2024年前让宇航员重返月球的计划,就建立太空联盟进行了数月的谈判Q4p!Z4-&=a]d

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八国签署美国主导的阿尔忒弥斯探月协议.png
美国宇航局局长吉姆·布里登斯汀表示:“我们正打算建立每个国家都认可的行为规范mxVE9)cJ).-~5(]&08Dc。”他说,这些协议承认1967年签订的一项条约,该条约规定月球和其它行星不能被宣称为国有k_AfYwpQJm_;,x
布里登斯汀表示,这些协议创造了“人类历史上最广泛、最包容和最大规模的载人航天联盟*JPXIJDNxv。”
美国政府以及其他拥有太空计划的国家认为,月球对他们的长期目标很重要HC+T[eMrtqXS;m。月球具有科学研究价值,它能让未来的火星探测任务成为可能)k+mp!&-EuE,;_uxz*q0。然而,这些活动要遵守国际空间法的约束,许多专家认为该法已经过时FV5(2!G,5C(ovbOd;
2019年,美国副总统彭斯指示美国宇航局在2024年前实现人类登月Ss4Qp=2Xu(5DLJfP。这将该机构过去计划的时间缩短了一半gw-fAw5Y@gs=e]。现在的目标是让人类在月球上生活很长时间G=k&[lJl0OZUd-pL
美国宇航局的登月计划预计将耗资数十亿美元WFqc_v]ULkP。它计划在人类登月前,先将机器人装置送上月球cjl8D9;ZRj(m,Jz_)2
美国宇航局还计划建造一个围绕月球运行的空间站LHuYz~P0r)。计划要求由美国和国际合作伙伴监管的公司来建造这个空间站82,t9CB7h0p6voP^hE
苏珊·尚德为您播报l6tP##wz_XpR^rQeA9P

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