VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美最高院首席大法官将影响特朗普任期
日期:2019-12-27 14:33

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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US Supreme Court Chief Justice Will Impact Trump Presidency
The leader of the highest court in the United States will likely receive a lot of attention next month. In January, Chief Justice John Roberts will supervise the trial of President Donald Trump in the U.S. Senate. Lawmakers there will decide if Trump is guilty of two charges against him: abuse of power and obstruction of Congress.
If guilt is the ruling, Trump would be removed from office. However, the senate is expected to find him not guilty.
Chief Justice John Roberts will have more influence on Trump’s presidency back at the Supreme Court building, across the street from the Senate. There, Roberts will play a major part in deciding several important cases that directly affect Trump.
One deals with whether a president needs to give his financial records to government investigators and lawyers. Trump has long fought to keep his finances secret. And, unlike other recent presidents, he has refused to make his tax information public.
In a few months, the Supreme Court will decide whether Trump must offer his financial records. The court’s ruling will affect future presidents, and also the current one: It will likely come in the middle of Trump’s re-election campaign.
How Roberts will vote on the case is not known. In recent decisions, Roberts has often joined with the four generally conservative judges. However, he also sometimes agrees with decisions made by the four more liberal judges. Roberts may be the deciding vote in the financial records case.
An uneasy position
But first, the Senate trial. The U.S. Constitution says the chief justice of the Supreme Court will oversee a trial to decide whether the president is removed from office. But the job is mostly ceremonial.
The senators – not the chief justice – set the rules for the trial. Roberts’ job is to keep the process moving in an orderly way.
People who know the chief justice say he will take his job at the trial seriously. He is likely reading about the only two other impeachment trials in U.S. history – those of Andrew Johnson in 1868 and Bill Clinton in 1999. In both cases, the presidents remained in office.
During Clinton’s trial, the chief justice was William Rehnquist. A law school professor who worked for Rehnquist at the time said the chief justice had “relatively little to do” during the trial.
Roberts has not spoken publicly about leading the Trump impeachment trial. Observers have noted that Roberts does not like calling attention to himself.
But he did take the unusual step of disagreeing publicly with Trump in November 2018. After the president spoke against judges who had ruled against him, Roberts issued a statement. It rejected the idea that federal judges worked for one president or another. And it defended “an extraordinary group of dedicated judges doing their level best to do equal right to those appearing before them.”
Roberts said that an independent judiciary is “something we should all be thankful for.”
I’m Kelly Jean Kelly.

重点解析

1.the highest court 最高法院

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Tweeting is to be allowed from hearings at the highest court in the land, it was announced yesterday.
英国将准许在最高法院聆讯时发送推文,这一消息是昨天宣布的A[af[Y-;=Jco-RVt

2.the chief justice 首席大法官

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He clerked for the chief justice of the Supreme Court.
他为最高法院的大法官做书记员]I]_fA*mh~n)

3.federal judges 联邦法官

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Federal judges hold their office for life, subject to impeachment by Congress.
联邦法官任期终身,但要受到国会弹劾的限制n!&b3HlZVO-r

4.financial records 财务记录

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In a company, payroll is the sum of all financial records of salaries, wages, bonuses and deductions.
在一家公司,工资是指所有财务记录的薪金,工资,奖金和扣除GOxWn%=VRJ

5.The senators – not the chief justice – set the rules for the trial. Roberts’ job is to keep the process moving in an orderly way.

in an orderly way 有序进行

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When there is a fire, people file out of the hall in an orderly way.
失火时,人们要一个接一个地离开办公大楼ig+O|e*gC(4e_9GjO0
The crowd left the square in an orderly way.
人群秩序井然地离开了广场+_%j#D6JC(eQ&pJ

6.Roberts said that an independent judiciary is “something we should all be thankful for.”

be thankful for 感谢...

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You should be thankful for all we've done for you.
你应该感谢我们为你所做的一切uJz.W!m6jkR!c6JSGoU
They will be thankful for your help.
他们将对你的帮助表示感谢)7WU_]1!!X7^y1_

参考译文

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美最高院首席大法官将影响特朗普任期
下个月,美国最高法院的领导人可能会受到广泛关注!zNB;tGbtX。明年1月,首席大法官约翰·罗伯茨将监督美国参议院对特朗普总统的审判|!MqlN)t2bH。立法者将决定特朗普是否犯有两项指控:滥用权力和妨碍国会N[@6b7M8&p|Lk
如果判决其有罪,特朗普将被罢免oZ@PHrBW_Gi&Fp。然而,参议院预计他将被判无罪xf8#w81R9r0aaa760=4
首席大法官约翰·罗伯茨(John Roberts)将在参议院对面的最高法院内对特朗普的总统任期产生更大的影响OXP~@gZjt_49vcV7AEF。在那里,罗伯茨将在裁决几个直接影响特朗普的重大案件中发挥重要作用O4@!;2b2(_WW+^Y1&
其中一项涉及总统是否需要将其财务记录交给政府调查人员和律师dd*peabyve5。特朗普一直在努力保守自己的财务秘密ujgqKRA;;~=。而且,与前几任总统不同的是,他拒绝公开自己的税务信息@D1PI*0oH][eD&d%

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美最高院首席大法官将影响特朗普任期.jpg
数月后,最高法院将决定特朗普是否必须提供其财务记录)cJIR@JKR0P+E6n]Dmh3。最高法院的裁决不仅会影响未来的总统,也会影响现任总统:该裁决可能会在特朗普竞选连任期间作出n*ps,n[Vs+(|Nt8
尚不清楚罗伯茨将如何对此案进行投票Z[LXx_E+p(t42-wUy[LC。在最近的裁决中,罗伯茨常常与4名保守派法官保持一致立场VDV;9olbMnG*l1&。不过,他有时也会同意四位自由派法官的决定,tpdabEAy;R,iak@~。罗伯茨可能是财务记录案的决定性因素tXH3RyGIEmx=;hs
首先,是参议院的审判AJP)jSOig*DrT。美国宪法规定,最高法院首席大法官将监督决定是否罢免总统的审判6vXZ0G32Wx。但这项职责主要是仪式性的N^acb~yP~S&TVV
制定审判规则的是参议员,而不是首席大法官Sq6n^tGQuGL(qw1Oo^。罗伯茨的职责是保证整个过程有序进行;CJkYVGu=kBeI(7bV~
了解首席大法官的人称,他会严肃对待自己在审判中的职责p1y,y&E-I3&qwE,xbK。他可能正在翻阅美国历史上仅有的两次弹劾审判——1868年的安德鲁·约翰逊案和1999年的比尔·克林顿案=N^A!#thhR。这两起弹劾案的结果是,两位总统都留任Lj[tEA+*G]VVc_BA&N2t
在克林顿受审期间,首席大法官是威廉·伦奎斯特K5UZuOuNkt0zJ.V!。当时为伦奎斯特工作的一名法学院教授表示,首席大法官在审判期间“相对清闲”0.yEf%+#Ocd+#YYpd
罗伯茨尚未公开表示领导弹劾特朗普的审判V+|*F7!&DDRi,V)。观察人士指出,罗伯茨不喜欢引起公众的关注l%;VuMnSd6OADHdV[=zh
但在2018年11月,他确实一反常态,公开反对特朗普2eE-Temqf#h0&o[jpRR。在特朗普发声反对那些否决其行政令的法官后,罗伯茨发表了一份声明P+wp|5P[]+。该声明驳斥了联邦法官为一位或另一位总统工作的说法j%T71UbsM4。声明还辩护称,“我们所拥有的是一群非常敬业的国家法官,他们尽其所能,与出现在他们面前的当事人平起平坐”Y9EU1#vTA7aAT
罗伯茨说,“我们都应该感谢独立的司法系统”ZQ0qbN9PJal,
凯丽·吉恩·凯丽为您播报x76OIktM|]*Qb4F;fF_C

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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