More than 2,000 people are gathering in Geneva, Switzerland, for the first-ever Global Refugee Forum.
The three-day event opens Monday. It aims to create new ideas, as well as long-term promises, to help refugees and the communities that support them.
Forum organizers are welcoming heads of state from a number of countries, including Germany, Turkey, Pakistan, Costa Rica, Ethiopia and Somalia. The United Nations, businesses and humanitarian agencies also are expected to send representatives to the event.
Wars, conflicts and persecution have forcibly displaced more than 70 million people worldwide. That number includes over 25 million refugees, who have fled across international borders and are unable to return to their homes.
The UN's refugee agency says that more than 67 percent of all refugees worldwide came from just five countries: Syria, Afghanistan, South Sudan, Myanmar and Somalia. The agency adds that Turkey has received the largest number of refugees, with 3.7 million, mostly those who have fled Syria.
The UN agency says it hopes the meeting this week will change the way refugees and the countries and communities that help them are treated and supported.
Babar Baloch is a spokesman for the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). He told VOA the international communities' piecemeal way of helping displaced persons and refugees must change.
"This is bringing everyone together at the same place...but also trying to work out a way forward in terms of how we deal with displacement issues. It is a clear call of responsibility sharing," he said.
Baloch said everyone at all levels of government, development, financial, civil and other parts of society has to take responsibility. They all must help care for refugees.
"It is about changing policies toward refugees," he added. "It is about responsibility sharing with the world's largest refugee (supporting) nations pledging more places for resettlement. But it is also changing policies...in education, in health services and other (areas)."
Private industry also can be very important to answering the growing needs of refugees.
The UNHCR reports more than 100 groups and companies, such as IKEA and Lego, are attending the Global Refugee Forum. It says these organizations are ready to promise jobs and other assistance to refugees.
I'm Susan Shand.
1.as well as 也
They visited some factories, hospitals as well as the school.
2.take responsibility 承担责任
We need to take responsibility for looking after our own health
3.care for 照顾
I had a strong desire to help and care for people
4.unable to 不能
We are willing to help but unable to do so about this.
5.It aims to create new ideas, as well as long-term promises, to help refugees and the communities that support them.
aim to 旨在
New stakeholder pensions will aim to give all workers a retirement pension they can live on.
The Security Council aim to ensure compliance by all sides, once an agreement is signed.
6.This is bringing everyone together at the same place...but also trying to work out a way forward in terms of how we deal with displacement issues.
work out 算出；解决
Negotiators are due to meet later today to work out a compromise...
It is proving hard to work out the value of bankrupt firms' assets...
持续三天的论坛将于周一开幕 。它旨在创造新思想以及长期的希望，以帮助难民和支持他们的社区 。
论坛组织者欢迎许多国家的首脑参与活动，包括德国、土耳其、巴基斯坦、哥斯达黎加、埃塞俄比亚和索马里 。联合国、企业和人道主义机构预计也将派代表参加此次活动 。
联合国难民署表示，全世界超过67%的难民来自五个国家：叙利亚、阿富汗、南苏丹、缅甸和索马里 。该机构还表示，土耳其接收的难民数量最多，达到了370万，其中大部分是逃离叙利亚的难民 。
他表示，“这一次是要把大家聚在一起...而且要努力寻找解决流离失所问题的方法 。这是一个明确的责任分担的号召 。
巴洛赫表示，各级政府、发展、金融、公民和社会其他部门的人都要承担责任 。他们都需要帮助照顾难民 。
他还说，此次论坛是为了改变针对难民的政策 。“它是为了和世界上最大的难民（支持）国家共担责任，承诺更多的安置地点 。但是它也是为了改变政策...教育政策、卫生服务政策和其它领域的政策 。”
联合国难民署报告说，宜家和乐高等100多个集团和公司将参加这次全球难民论坛 。这些组织已准备好为难民提供工作和其他援助 。