VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):自制清汤或可抗击疟疾
日期:2019-12-15 23:58

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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A new study suggests that some homemade soups – made of chicken, beef or vegetables — might help fight malaria.
Jake Baum of the Imperial College London led the research.
He asked children at a London school to bring in homemade clear soups that their families would make to treat a fever.

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The children were from many different cultural backgrounds.
The soups were then exposed to the parasite that creates 99.7 percent of malaria cases in Africa, the World Health Organization, WHO, explained.
Of the 56 soups tested, five were more than 50 percent effective in containing the growth of the parasite.
Two were as effective as one drug now used to treat malaria.
And four soups were more than 50 percent effective at preventing parasites from aging to the point that they could infect mosquitoes that spread the disease.
Baum and his team reported their results recently in the publication Archives of Disease in Childhood.
When we started getting soups that worked — in the lab under very restricted conditions— we were really happy and excited, Baum said in an email to Agence France Presse.
Baum also noted that it was unclear which foods made the soups effective against malaria.
If we were serious about going back and finding the...ingredient, like good scientists, we'd have to do it in a very standardized way, he said.
The soups came from families from different ethnic histories, including Europe, North Africa and the Middle East.
They had several main ingredients, including chicken, beef and green vegetables.
Baum said the vegetarian soups showed similar results to the soups with meat.
Baum said his aim was in part to show children that scientific research can turn an herbal cure into a man-made medicine.

重点解析

1.be made of 由……组成

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Everything there is made of bamboo.
那里什么都是竹子做的~o!zSDFhBgCVV+t,3

2.clear soup 清汤

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I'd like steak and a clear soup.
我要牛排和清汤!xuZUqpxl^RSV9P

参考译文

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一项新研究表明,自制的汤——用鸡肉、牛肉或者蔬菜——或许能抗击疟疾J&@cf[i(RZ|E%q
帝国理工学院的杰克是该研究的负责人&10RZ-MAKf^G
杰克请伦敦某学校的一些儿童带一些家里自制的清汤,这种清汤是家人用来治疗发烧的7.kFce4K4Q*UcjRHPmKk
这些儿童来自不同的文化背景bJf|l74STg#CT
然后把这些清汤暴置于导致非洲99.7%疟疾病例的寄生虫,世界卫生组织(WHO)解释道ub_rtGzT&#
在测试的56次清汤例子中,5次对于抑制寄生虫生长的有效度达到了50%以上UGMYEs-^oScAdiYJz50S
其中有2次的有效度堪比现在用来治疗疟疾的药物AJleb=Gj;&yR.v_Wp
4次阻止寄生虫,不让寄生虫生长到可以感染蚊子从而传播疾病的程度,有效度达50%上oY(#F^6^yO^b^_T!l
杰克及其团队近日在《儿童疾病档案》上发布了报告结果NJyjp[2~FNk7)HBwA9
当我们开始获得起作用的清汤——在条件非常严格的实验室里——我们真的很开心、很激动,杰克在写给法新社的一封邮件中心这样说道o3!,%cOiOIQ
杰克还表示,目前尚不明确哪些食物可以制作出可以有效抗击疟疾的汤,zG+DM.(+OZGMk02B
如果我们能像优秀的科学家那样认真回顾并找到原料,我们就必须以标准化的方式来做,他这样说道di20&ZZcDn+
制作这些汤的家庭有着不同的种族历史,包括欧洲、北非、中东tfot)a.6N&
他们有不同的主要原料,包括鸡肉、牛肉、绿色蔬菜;iXyipAZU.5H(S3@=
杰克表示,这些蔬菜汤跟带肉的汤有着相似的结果S4~K5[cLw]IMPgft
杰克他的部分目的是向孩子们表明科学研究可以将草药治疗变成人造药物)0C;!)E9Mrp]

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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