VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):气候变化让北非备受瞩目
日期:2019-11-29 16:46

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Climate Change Puts North Africa in a Hot Spot
Many areas of North Africa, including Tunisia and Algeria, have seen a sharp decrease in rainfall over the last 50 years. Some experts say the lack of rainfall will worsen in the future.
The German research organization, the Max Planck Institute, reports that parts of North Africa and the Middle East might become unlivable in the next 100 years.
Essia Guezzi is a climate and energy project officer for World Wildlife Fund North Africa, a conservation group. She told VOA, "We're seeing higher temperatures and increasing water stress [in the area]." She noted that rising sea levels also threaten people living near the coast.
World leaders will discuss these and other issues during next month's United Nations climate conference in Madrid, Spain.
Morocco has earned praise as a leader in fighting the effects of climate change. But experts say North Africa, as a whole, needs to do much more. Some countries are dealing with conflict and civil unrest. Others, such as Algeria and Libya, have economies that depend on oil.
Trying to turn the tide
In Tunisia, fresh groundwater supplies are decreasing quickly. About two-thirds of the land is threatened by a lack of rain and loss of trees. A report by the Netherlands Foreign Ministry from 2018 says that the effects of climate change may slow Tunisia's growth in its two main industries - tourism and agriculture.
Tunisian officials plan to cut the amount of carbon dioxide the country produces to 41 percent of levels measured in 2010 by the 2030s. Carbon dioxide gas is linked to warming of the Earth's atmosphere. However, critics say Tunisia has been slow to match words with action.
In one village, Samira Sghaier is trying to help change things, at least in her community. She and other area farmers began planting acacia trees to help reduce soil erosion. They also are planting moringa, a fast-growing plant valued for its nutritional and medicinal qualities.
The aim was to help fight climate change, while also earning money. The reality has not been so easy. She told VOA, "Everyone likes new products. The problem is selling them. It's hard to find a market."
Northern African countries try new measures
The African Union is leading an effort called the ‘Great Green Wall' initiative. The project aims to restore damaged land across areas south of the Sahara, commonly called the Sahel.
Gilles Boetsch is director of a French scientific team working with Senegalese researchers in the area. He said, "The goal is to replant trees, to return the Sahel to what it was about 60 years ago, when there was a lot more forest cover."
Boetsch added that many trees die and need to be replaced. And conflict in some Sahel countries makes some areas difficult to reach.
In North Africa, some national projects to fight climate change are making a difference. Tunisia will reportedly present an oases protection project at the Madrid climate conference.
Local farmers in northern Algeria are seeking help from Mexican experts to plant prickly pear cactus. The desert plant needs little rainfall, and provides nutrients and a way to make money. Algeria is also trying to renew efforts for a reforestation project that did not have good results.
I'm Jonathan Evans.

重点解析

1.Climate Change 气候变化

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We are all victims of climate change.
我们都是气候变化的受害者(0.&p9#]qxd0of;oT

2.make money 赚钱

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Like all businesses, we want to make money.
像所有的行业一样,我们也需要赚钱H0qcW8O8&W

3.linked to 与...有关

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The authorities insist that the discussions must not be linked to any other issue
当局坚持此次讨论不得涉及其他任何问题FJu@8Uy,FAgEM

4.aims to 旨在

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The Home Secretary aims to break the vicious circle between disadvantage and crime
内政大臣力图打破贫困和犯罪之间的恶性循环iat7sG%[g;4KSa!ERYW

5.In North Africa, some national projects to fight climate change are making a difference.

making a difference 有影响

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State and local initiatives also seem to be making a difference.
各州和地方的举措看来也要起效了17;I&k#t)_
At that very moment, she was making a difference for that starfish.
在那一刻,她改变了那只海星的命运~BYSoOg#~TW,ul6QfY,

6.But experts say North Africa, as a whole, needs to do much more.

as a whole 作为整体

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As a whole we do not eat enough fibre in Britain.
总体上我们英国人没有摄入足够的膳食纤维45Y7_m#f0BlBxjct
We must consider these matters as a whole.
我们必须全盘来考虑这些事情|qqmy0FUuk

参考译文

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气候变化让北非备受瞩目
在过去的50年里,突尼斯和阿尔及利亚等很多北非国家的降雨量急剧下降!NymP^1*Sr7LsuE。一些专家表示,未来缺乏降水的情况将会恶化,w0t_d^+6ZG&ct@kTm
德国研究机构马克思·普朗克研究所报告称,未来的100年内,北非和中东的一些地区可能会无法居住B!KA]i3qFS=(
埃西亚(Essia Guezzi)是保护组织世界自然基金会北非分会的气候和能源项目官员abglq+(oqs5&。她告诉美国之音:“我们看到北非地区气温升高以及水资源的压力越来越大H45^fuKGy[.I~K。”她指出,不断上升的海平面也威胁着沿海地区的居民Yz)M70Zn*%_
世界各国领导人将在下月西班牙马德里举行的联合国气候会议讨论这些问题及其他问题ZsP2f6VcUfJR+

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气候变化让北非备受瞩目.jpg
摩洛哥因应对气候变化影响的领导作用而赢得赞誉y68sMtn.sUJv)q。但专家表示,北非作为一个整体,需要做的还有很多tW]Nl=Lb7V。一些国家正在处理冲突和内乱mGnB7JBf)1.R3RtG^uD_。阿尔及利亚和利比亚等其他国家的经济依赖石油|qnQ2Br5Ll20^)qaQ
尝试扭转局势
在突尼斯,新鲜的地下水供应正在迅速减少NAu0fYwmhT=kld+3~。大约三分之二的土地受到缺乏降水和树木损失的威胁=y@UC[9ldvpj。荷兰外交部2018年的一份报告称,气候变化的影响可能会减缓突尼斯两大主要产业——旅游业和农业的增长|V(Ea!f7Z8BtRir
突尼斯官员计划到本世纪30年代将该国的二氧化碳排放量削减至2010年水平的41%A%6@[7(Lu7q1T7M。二氧化碳气体与地球大气变暖有关P4Y@-_iDWO3o-q(Wz。然而,批评人士说,突尼斯在言行一致方面行动迟缓SUR1xP#.zj
在某村庄,萨米拉(Samira Sghaier)正努力帮忙做一些改变,至少为所在社区做一些行动,x_cog0kVVnuw~。她和当地其他农民开始种植金合欢树,以减少水土流失9XCVbk*fr4hlE3i0+2。他们还种植辣木——一种可迅速生长的植物,因其营养和药用价值而受到重视Nsu+XK=F6giNx,k|u2u7
其目的是帮助应对气候变化,同时也赚钱noe19J_qD&Fc。现实并非如此简单k7nb7Iq12.|dv。她对美国之音说:“每个人都喜欢新产品J!EplUHipI7。问题是如何销售它们;5~v(oaz(3i!。很难找到市场%(_Z2lY2y[3;Cf。”
北非国家尝试新措施
非洲联盟正在领导个名为“绿色长城”的项目H.lqHxY=+6qh+。该项目旨在恢复撒哈拉以南地区(通常称为萨赫勒地区)被破坏土地9f~;2]EUUZ
Gilles Boetsch是一个法国科学小组的负责人,该小组与塞内加尔的研究人员一起在该地区工作i=lIssD+=+8+6x。他说:“我们的目标是重新种植树木,让萨赫勒地区恢复到60年前的森林覆盖率BEqir)d@B8[;o902。”
Boetsch补充说,很多树都死了,需要更换ZjKL*ZXQc5%At。一些萨赫勒地区的冲突导致一些地区难以实现该计划QE!!@x%AOS
在北非,一些国家应对气候变化的项目正在发挥作用.YS.QCa*D4。据报道,突尼斯将在马德里气候会议上提出一项保护绿洲的项目i#9!R!r^wM
阿尔及利亚北部的当地农民正在寻求墨西哥专家的帮助来种植仙人掌+wDZ&8UZx98oF*36p。这种沙漠植物几乎不需要降雨,却能提供养分和赚钱的途径KnuKHWoZw3d6O2Mb。阿尔及利亚还试图恢复一项没有取得良好成果的造林项目FURmpNP3nd-V#9
乔纳森·埃文斯为您播报FBqWRT76s#13wnj

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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