日期:2019-11-27 15:18





UN: ‘Quick Wins’ Needed to Keep Climate Goals in Reach
Countries have delayed action for too long and need to make deep cuts in their greenhouse gas emissions now. If they do not, they risk missing the agreed targets for limiting climate change, United Nations officials told reporters Tuesday.
Inger Andersen is the head of the U.N. Environmental Program. She made the appeal just days before governments officials head to Madrid for the yearly climate change meeting.
"We need quick wins to reduce emissions as much as possible in 2020," Andersen said.
Her agency just released its yearly "emissions gap report." The report showed that the amount of gases going into the atmosphere was the highest ever last year, even though most countries have promised to reduce them.
What actions must be taken?
Scientists believe a 7.6 percent drop in greenhouse gas emissions each year for the next ten years would prevent many of the worst outcomes of climate change. Those outcomes include the loss of nearly all coral reefs and most Arctic sea ice.
Even a lower target would require an emissions decrease of 2.7 percent each year between 2020 and 2030, the UNEP said.
Katia Simeonova is with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. She told the Geneva news conference, "The world is facing a climate emergency. It cannot be solved by governments alone. Twenty twenty is our last best chance."
The head of the World Meteorological Organization said worldwide temperatures could rise by 3 to 5 degrees Celsius in the next 100 years if nothing is done to stop rising emissions.
"It is worth recalling that the last time the Earth experienced (that level) was 3 to 5 million years ago," WMO Secretary-General Petteri Taalas said. He added that at that time, sea levels were as much as 19 meters higher than now.
How important are fossil fuels?
UNEP released a separate report last week that looked at ten fossil-fuel producing countries. Researchers found those governments are planning to produce nearly double the amount of fossil fuels by 2030 than they should to meet the Paris Agreement's target.
"(What) countries are saying about supply doesn't (add) up with what they're saying about reducing emissions," said report co-author Michael Lazarus. He is a senior scientist at the Stockholm Environment Institute.
The report includes the United States. The country claims to be reducing emissions, even as its oil and gas businesses are growing. The report also looked at countries that are considered cooperative, like Norway. Norway continues to drill for oil in the North Sea.
Officials appealed to governments that have already set their targets to see if they can do more. They insisted that industries like power, transport, building and shipping can find ways to lower their emissions as well.
Experts agree that the longer countries continue to use fossil fuels, the more a temperature increase will become certain. But the sooner countries take steps to stop depending on gas, coal and oil, the more warming will be prevented in the long term.
The secretary general of the U.N, Antonio Guterres, spoke about the agency's findings. He urged people to listen to scientists' warnings and take drastic action. If we do not, he said, we will continue to see deadly heatwaves, storms and pollution.
I'm Jonathan Evans.


1.in the long term 长远来看


But in the long term, we need to invest in clean, renewable energy.

2.take action 采取行动


We have to take action.

3.greenhouse gas 温室气体


Animals produce methane , which is another dangerous greenhouse gas, when they burp and fart .

4.take steps to 采取措施


As for trade, as I already mentioned, we will take steps to import more.

5.He added that at that time, sea levels were as much as 19 meters higher than now.

at that time 那时


I cannot describe the feeling of contentment that was with me at that time.
At that time we were students.

6.He added that at that time, sea levels were as much as 19 meters higher than now.

as much as 差不多


I enjoy pleasure as much as the next person.
Experts reveal only as much as they care to.



英格·安德森(Inger Andersen)是联合国环境计划署的负责人XoPX&S0qJ0。她在政府官员前往马德里参加年度气候变化会议的前几天发出了这一警告[yL94Fm6fMRzFO&


Katia Simeonova《联合国气候变化框架公约》的负责人bT,W1+DwZk。她在日内瓦新闻发布会上表示:“世界正面临气候紧急情况Yd#,d@Vo@4aZm6YT2)m。单靠政府是解决不了的d,+|P)0%[pxyEr1-lF&。2020年是我们最后的最佳机会-sJ%nZoRP4。”
世界气象组织秘书长Petteri Taalas说:“值得回顾的是,地球上次经历这一情况(达到这一高度)是在300万到500万年前%fAqTI3d|Ea。”他补充说,当时的海平面比现在高出19米(EH]Y[UG&eU
该报告的合著者Michael Lazarus指出:“各国关于供应的说法与他们关于减排的说法不一致*V+cHE9|g[A4ZF%。”他是斯德哥尔摩环境研究所的高级科学家qy4%atnxzx
联合国秘书长安东尼奥·古特雷斯(Antonio Guterres)谈到了该机构的调查结果+l0(l|iOZu4oRX。他敦促人们听从科学家的警告并采取彻底的行动ezn,s)fU#q。他说,如果我们不照做,我们将继续目睹致命的热浪、风暴和污染sAKA3e_91l[Kcenu