VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):报告称美国校园枪击案大多"可避免"
日期:2019-11-20 15:09

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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US Report on School Shootings Suggests Most Are ‘Preventable’
A new study suggests that many of the deadly school shootings in the United States over the past 10 years could have been prevented.
Most students who carried out such an attack had shown threatening or suspicious behavior, but were not reported to law enforcement, the study found.
The U.S. Secret Service reported the findings last week.
The study was based on an in-depth examination of 41 incidents of "targeted school violence." All of the attacks happened over a 10-year period from 2008 to 2017.
The Secret Service's National Threat Assessment Center collected information from police reports, as well as public and non-public investigation records.
The findings will be used to train school officials and law enforcement to better identify students who may be plotting an attack.
Lina Alathari is head of the National Threat Assessment Center. She told The Associated Press that most school shootings "are not sudden, impulsive acts where a student suddenly gets disgruntled." She added that "the majority of these incidents are preventable."
In 80 percent of the shootings, the attacker's behavior was so worrisome to others that it made them express concern about "the safety of the attacker or those around them."
The study found that the shootings took place quickly and often ended within 60 seconds or less. Law enforcement rarely arrived while the attack was happening. Attacks generally started during school hours and happened in a single area, such as a dining hall, restroom or classroom.
Most of the attackers were male, but seven were female. Researchers reported that 63 percent of the attackers were white. Fifteen percent were black, 5 percent Hispanic and 2 percent American Indian or Alaska Native.
The attackers most often used guns, but knives were sometimes used. Investigators said most of the weapons came from the homes of the attacker.
The report identified warning signs that school officials, families and other students could use to help them recognize a possible attacker. These include signs of increased anger, a clear interest in weapons and violence, depression or isolation, self-harm or sudden behavioral changes.
The study found most U.S. schools have security cameras as well as planned lockdown measures for shooting situations. However, only 17 percent of the schools had a system in place where students or families can directly contact officials about a student in crisis.
The study was launched following the 2018 shootings at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida.
The fathers of three students killed in the attack attended a media event timed to the release of the study.
Tony Montalto, whose daughter Gina Rose died in the Florida shooting, said the research was invaluable and could have helped her school prevent the attack.
"My lovely daughter might still be here today," he said. "Our entire community would be whole instead of forever shaken."
Montalto urged other schools to pay close attention to the findings. "Please, learn from our experience. It happened to us, and it could happen to your community, too," he said.
I'm Bryan Lynn.

重点解析

1.took place 发生

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The same changes took place again and again.
同样的变化一再发生!HdSa1CFER_7X_S25ml

2.instead of 代替

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She frittered away her time in going to the cinema instead of studying.
她不把时间花在学习上,而是浪费在看电影上了+l.xw2;sW5

3.media event 媒体活动

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The world's biggest media event has long struggled to adapt to an increasingly online world.
奥运会这个全球最大的媒体盛事在越来越强大的网络世界面前,仍需努力适应6@P7dcqpZ5xH.I

4.school shootings 校园枪击案

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Wednesday's massacre was one of the worst school shootings in Germany in recent years.
星期三的事件是德国近年来最惨烈的校园枪击案5d#s(U&Y*b)^6=

5.Most students who carried out such an attack had shown threatening or suspicious behavior.

carried out 实施

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Two independent studies have been carried out.
两项彼此独立的研究已在进行中TpC+,Dylu1n
Forensic experts carried out a painstaking search of the debris.
法医专家对残骸进行了极其仔细的搜索S|DFT3hY31

6.Montalto urged other schools to pay close attention to the findings.

pay close attention to 密切关注

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In fact, she can be your biggest motivator if you pay close attention to her activities.
事实上,如果你关注她的一举一动,她能成为你最重要的激励大师GJ^1B#0ql03)84o=
K.Ministry of Defense also said they will pay close attention to this phenomenon.
英国国防部发言人也表示将密切关注这一现象iJz[WKYs)Sm

参考译文

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报告称美国校园枪击案大多“可避免”
一项新研究表明,过去十年内,美国很多致命的校园枪击案其实本可以避免YX^+2oa1TaWLbBWmcWv
该研究发现,多数实施这类袭击的学生都表现出威胁或可疑性举动,但是并未报告给执法部门xUd^!.6rB~9
上周,美国特勤局报告了这一发现ZuPM^ypuav
该研究是基于对41起“针对性校园暴力”案件的深入调查0-q6CKfL;#;9m=d,。这些案件都发生于2008年到2017年的十年间n=0vpKwK6a1A
美国特勤局的国家威胁评估中心从警方报告、公共以及非公共调查记录中收集了信息Avz60UUCFF-WWGQjl
研究结果将用于培训学校官员以及执法部门,以便更准确得识别可能会策划袭击的学生ySOu-FgUyma
莉娜(Lina Alathari)是国家威胁评估中心的负责人c[c-OIa|1+Un]。她告诉美联社,大部分校园枪击案“并非学生感到不满时的突发、冲动行为”3svL@jVm-NYuBins+1C。她补充说,“大多数这类袭击案件本可以避免”O8mZz-F[6i

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报告称美国校园枪击案大多“可避免”.jpg
在80%的校园枪击案中,攻击者的行为令他人忧心,以至于他们表达了对攻击者及其周围人安全的担忧v#g|%EsBh(f_
研究发现,枪击案事发突然,往往在60秒或更短时间内结束@)!P!FuAm)JD)qpli~(。枪击发生时,执法人员很少能及时到场Uo)QAIP.cdL~-R7&Z[。袭击通常在上课时间进行且发生在单一场合,如餐厅、洗手间或教室p@Cc|6EM&5Gg3cKSY=8
大多数袭击者为男性,但有7名女性Goi-(-Y]0V)3Vakm@。研究人员报告称,63%的袭击者为白人CFnXijyyJ_PPwE。15%为黑人,5%为西班牙裔,2%为印第安人或阿拉斯加原住民OXc!7EB1i*=
袭击者最常使用枪支,有时也会使用刀具IUT.d-nkT^CXFEf~t。调查人员表示,大部分武器来自袭击者的家中UBeSE7=vIA
报告指出了学校官员、家长和其他学生可用来帮助他们识别潜在攻击者的警告信号[W2LBN.hhegPu+8ejd。这些迹象包括愤怒加剧、明显对武器和暴力感兴趣、抑郁或孤独、自残或突然的行为改变q&kY(Wfjy7A%ySD
研究发现,大多数美国学校都设有安全摄像头,以及针对枪击事件采取的防范措施3u[PtnBLM9d74qBd,。然而,只有17%的学校设有学生或亲属可直接联系官员,了解学生危机情况的系统!CoeJMQv,(jJym.w
这项研究是在佛罗里达州帕克兰的马乔里·斯通曼·道格拉斯高中2018年发生枪击案后开始的aa^yU(wnSz=#(4srM_4
在袭击中遇难的三名学生的父亲出席了一场媒体活动,活动安排在研究报告发布之时A3kHY+J~E*Stb&0A~1%+
托尼·蒙塔尔托(Tony Montalto)的女儿吉娜·罗斯(Gina Rose)在佛罗里达州的枪击事件中遇难E=[TItMA_-O|。他说,这项研究是十分珍贵,本可以帮助女儿所在的学校阻止这次袭击%,52sX*kA&XK0
“我那可爱的女儿也许今天能站在这里,”他说-(2hBb#DO!,V#nb5iCr。“我们整个社区将团结起来,而不是一蹶不振~&kM!bgfqhB9jK])Q6。”
蒙塔尔托敦促其他学校密切关注这些调查结果uJoWt%%NQk@k@lAlR。他说,“请吸取我们的经验教训XG]%zwMOJA9r~xuo。这类事情能发生在我们身上,也有可能会发生在你们所在的社区”i@32-&_@dLrX.kPFb-BS
布莱恩·林恩为您播报#=E&SIDzrI.uZBlu01s

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • identifyvt. 识别,认明,鉴定 vi. 认同,感同身受
  • globaladj. 全球性的,全世界的,球状的,全局的
  • recognizevt. 认出,认可,承认,意识到,表示感激
  • exacerbatevt. 加重(使 ... 恶化,激怒)
  • suspiciousadj. 可疑的,多疑的
  • speciesn. (单复同)物种,种类
  • threateningadj. 威胁(性)的,凶兆的 动词threaten的现
  • phenomenonn. 现象,迹象,(稀有)事件
  • producen. 产品,农作物 vt. 生产,提出,引起,分娩,制片
  • depressionn. 沮丧,萧条